Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2008

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Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian maritime safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on marine occurrences. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when using these statistics. The 2008 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 09 April 2009.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary, Marine Occurrences 2008, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Comments on this document can be forwarded to the following address:

Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Communications Division
Place du Centre
200 Promenade du Portage
4th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 1K8

Telephone: 819-994-3741
Facsimile: 819-997-2239
E-mail: communications@tsb.gc.ca

©   Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada 2008
Cat. No. TU1-1/2008E
ISBN 978-1-100-17631-4


Marine Occurrences in 2008

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Casualties (Tables 1 and 8)

In 2008, 418 marine accidents were reported to the TSB, down from the 2007 total of 456 and the 2003-2007 average of 491. Over the past 10 years, nearly 90% of marine accidents have been shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship (see Appendix B - Definitions).

Shipping accidents reached a 34-year low of 359 in 2008, a 9% decrease from the 2007 total of 396 and an 18% decrease from the 2003-2007 average of 437. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates that there has been a significant downward trend1 in the number of shipping accidents since 1999 (p<.01) (Figure 1). In 2008, there were 59 accidents aboard ship, down from 60 in 2007 but up from the 2003-2007 average of 54. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on cargo/bulk carrier/OBO2 vessels (29%) and fishing vessels (25%).

Figure 1 - Accidents Aboard Ship and Shipping Accidents, 1999-2008 [D]
Figure 1 - Accidents Aboard Ship and Shipping Accidents, 1999-2008

Marine-related fatalities totalled 24 in 2008 (Figure 2), up from the 2007 total of 14 and the 2003-2007 average of 19. This increase consisted mainly of an increase in shipping accident fatalities, which totalled 13 in 2008, up from 3 in 2007 and the five-year average of 12. In all, 10 of the 24 fatalities resulted from fishing vessel accidents. Injuries in 2008 numbered 74, down from 80 in 2007 and the 2003-2007 average of 81. Of the 74 injuries in 2008, 55 were serious and 51 resulted from accidents aboard ship.

Figure 2 - Marine Fatalities and Injuries, 1999-2008 [D]
Figure 2 - Marine Fatalities and Injuries, 1999-2008

Shipping Accidents

Type of Accidents (Table 1): As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2008 were groundings (20%) and fire/explosions (17%). Groundings decreased by 31% and fire/explosions increased by 7% from the five-year average, while propeller/rudder/structural damage accidents decreased by 65%.

Figure 3 - Shipping Accidents by Accident Type [D]
Figure 3 - Shipping Accidents by Accident Type

Type of Vessels (Table 1): In 2008, there were 19 787 fishing vessels in Canada, representing 73% of all registered vessels excluding pleasure craft (source: Transport Canada). Since 1999, approximately 50% of the vessels involved in shipping accidents have been fishing vessels. In 2008, there were 174 fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), compared to 190 in 2007 and the 2003-2007 average of 224. After fishing vessels, tugs/barges (19%) and bulk carriers/OBO vessels (12%) were involved most often in shipping accidents.

Figure 4 - Shipping Accidents by Vessel Type [D]
Figure 4 - Shipping Accidents by Vessel Type

Geographical Region (Tables 2a and 2b): In 2008, 69% of shipping accidents occurred in three of the seven geographical regions (Figure 5): the Western region (30%), the Maritimes region (22%) and the Newfoundland region (17%). Shipping accidents decreased from the 2003-2007 average by 21% in the Newfoundland region and 20% in the Maritimes region. The Laurentian region had 55 shipping accidents, down 21% from the 2003-2007 average of 70. The Central region accounted for 13% of shipping accidents. Within narrower waterways, accidents in this region most often involved larger commercial vessels such as cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels. The remaining 3% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters (8) or in the Arctic region (4).

Although accidents involving fishing vessels accounted for approximately three-quarters of all shipping accidents in the Maritimes region, fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents decreased in the Western, Maritimes and Newfoundland regions compared to the 2003-2007 average. In the Newfoundland region, 45 fishing vessels were involved in shipping accidents, down 34% from the 2003-2007 average of 68.

Figure 5 - Shipping Accidents by Region [D]
Figure 5 - Shipping Accidents by Region

Vessel Flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4): In 2008, 90% of vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 47% of these were fishing vessels, 43% were commercial non-fishing vessels and the remaining 10% were non-commercial/pleasure craft or service vessels (Figure 6).

Figure 6 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents, 1999-2008 [D]
Figure 6 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents, 1999-2008

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2008, groundings (21%) and fire/explosions (20%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in strikings (28%) or groundings (17%). Marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels increased by 3% from the 2003-2007 average, yielding an accident rate of 3.4 accidents per 1000 movements, unchanged from the five-year average.

In 2008, 42 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 83% of which were commercial non-fishing vessels involved mainly in strikings (34%) or groundings (20%). Marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels decreased by 1.7 per cent from the 2003-2007 average and accidents decreased, yielding a 31% per cent decrease in the accident rate to 1.1 accidents per 1000 movements from the five-year average of 1.6.

Vessels Lost (Tables 1 and 6): In 2008, 33 vessels were reported lost, up from 31 in 2007 and the 2003-2007 average of 30. During the past 10 years, small fishing vessels (less than 15 in gross tonnage [grt])3 have accounted for the largest proportion of vessels lost in Canada. Of the vessels lost in 2008, 6 were commercial non-fishing vessels and 26 were fishing vessels. In 2008, over one-third of vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and more than half were at least 20 years old.

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 2a and 2b)

Pursuant to mandatory reporting requirements, 247 marine incidents were reported to the TSB in 2008, up from the 2007 total of 228 and the 2003-2007 average of 229. The majority of reportable incidents consisted of engine/rudder/propeller failures. The Western region had the majority of close-quarters situations (84%) and engine/rudder/propeller incidents (68%).

In 2008, vessels most often involved in close-quarters situations were commercial vessels (84%) and fishing vessels (16%). In the majority of these incidents, the vessels involved were cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels, fishing vessels, ferries and tugs.

In 2008, incidents in the Western region represented 59% of all marine incidents. The proportion of marine incidents that took place in other regions was as follows: Laurentian 16%, Central 11%, Maritimes 6% and Newfoundland 4%. Eight reported incidents took place in foreign waters, and one occurred in the Arctic region.

Figure 7 - Marine Incidents by Type, 2008 [D]
Figure 7 - Marine Incidents by Type, 2008

Appendix A — Marine Occurence Tables

Table 1 Total Marine Occurances Types, Vessels and Losses Involved 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Shipping Accidents by Type 536 450 459 448 481 442 444 422 393 359
Collision 22 16 16 15 24 12 20 19 13 17
Capsizing 6 15 6 14 11 18 10 18 12 12
Foundering/Sinking 32 38 37 26 30 18 21 24 20 31
Fire/Explosion 70 64 84 53 65 51 69 55 47 62
Grounding 146 123 114 129 118 108 87 112 94 72
Striking 85 68 89 72 76 82 81 62 61 56
Ice Damage 10 6 4 2 28 17 11 2 25 15
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
40 31 19 42 39 36 43 56 41 15
Flooding 65 51 70 52 49 63 59 46 49 45
Other 60 38 20 43 41 37 43 28 31 34
 
Accidents Aboard Ship 69 77 59 36 66 50 45 50 60 59
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 581 492 507 482 526 471 491 461 431 408
Cargo 26 25 31 22 18 21 21 31 24 20
Bulk Carrier/OBO 73 59 58 57 48 52 68 59 54 47
Tanker 14 14 12 9 15 7 15 13 9 5
Tug 42 33 39 25 34 32 30 27 44 47
Barge 35 30 28 32 31 34 27 33 29 29
Ferry 22 26 24 21 25 20 26 26 23 29
Passenger 20 20 16 27 41 29 20 19 17 14
Fishing 280 238 246 238 260 227 237 208 190 174
Service Vessel 35 23 27 18 27 25 20 22 24 24
Non-Commercial 14 12 18 19 14 11 10 14 10 11
Other 20 12 8 14 13 13 17 9 7 8
 
By Vessel Flag 581 492 507 482 526 471 491 461 431 408
Canadian (Non-Fishing) 220 179 197 192 216 193 185 190 188 193
Canadian (Fishing) 273 227 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 173
Foreign 88 86 78 58 57 55 76 73 59 42
 
Vessels Lost by Gross Tonnage 45 37 51 32 38 22 26 34 28 33
1600 grt] and over 1 0 1 2 2 0 0 3 0 0
150 to 1599 grt] 3 2 3 1 2 0 0 2 0 3
60 to 149 grt] 5 3 8 4 8 5 6 6 8 4
15 to 59 grt] 7 13 15 7 12 8 7 6 8 14
Less than 15 grt] 21 16 18 12 12 3 9 12 9 10
Unknown Tonnage 8 3 6 6 2 6 4 5 3 2
 
Fatalities 29 31 34 28 17 28 20 18 14 24
Shipping Accidents 14 16 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 13
Accidents Aboard Ship 15 15 17 9 8 6 7 6 11 11
 
Injuries 84 94 70 78 95 82 66 85 80 74
Shipping Accidents 23 23 18 42 35 37 25 26 29 23
Accidents Aboard Ship 61 71 52 36 60 45 41 59 51 51
 
Reportable Incidents by Type 178 248 239 175 224 248 227 216 222 247
Close-quarters Situation 34 57 60 29 60 67 56 30 21 19
Engine/Rudder/Propeller 74 105 99 57 83 106 85 112 87 129
Cargo Trouble 1 5 4 5 3 1 4 4 1 6
Personal Incidents 5 6 8 8 14 9 4 12 20 10
Other 64 75 68 76 64 65 78 58 93 83
Table 2a - Marine Occurences by Region, Occurences, Vessels and Losses Involved 1999-2008.
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Western Region
Shipping Accidents 168 166 158 139 141 125 125 124 102 107
Accidents Aboard Ship 18 32 29 15 19 15 13 15 19 15
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 181 177 179 155 159 135 145 142 116 129
Cargo 4 3 8 2 5 3 2 9 3 3
Bulk Carrier/OBO 6 6 2 1 4 7 3 3 2 4
Tanker 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 10 18 15 19 26 19 26 25 12 15
Tug/Barge 40 44 39 33 31 31 34 38 42 47
Fishing 102 93 98 78 76 65 69 51 43 54
Other 18 13 17 22 17 10 11 16 14 6
Vessels Lost 19 14 22 13 11 6 8 14 9 8
Fatalities 10 10 12 10 4 8 6 6 7 8
Incidents 57 110 122 86 95 98 87 84 68 146
 
Central Region
Shipping Accidents 54 46 68 57 53 59 52 46 50 45
Accidents Aboard Ship 5 7 3 3 2 7 3 4 9 14
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 59 54 79 63 59 62 55 50 54 51
Cargo 1 5 5 6 2 11 4 4 6 5
Bulk Carrier/OBO 33 22 32 25 15 22 28 24 20 22
Tanker 4 6 6 2 4 1 4 2 1 2
Ferry/Passenger 7 8 13 13 14 7 3 7 11 2
Tug/Barge 8 3 11 12 15 10 9 6 9 12
Fishing 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1
Other 5 9 10 3 8 9 6 5 6 7
Vessels Lost 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 2
Fatalities 2 2 9 10 2 4 1 0 1 0
Incidents 16 32 26 28 23 25 32 33 43 27
 
Laurentian Region
Shipping Accidents 72 60 59 59 56 62 94 61 76 55
Accidents Aboard Ship 12 7 9 6 17 8 13 11 16 15
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 78 66 63 61 60 66 107 66 87 59
Cargo 12 8 12 6 3 5 11 11 11 8
Bulk Carrier/OBO 20 21 12 21 19 17 32 17 20 13
Tanker 6 4 4 4 5 4 11 7 7 3
Ferry/Passenger 11 8 5 7 10 11 7 3 10 11
Tug/Barge 14 4 9 5 5 7 7 8 17 7
Fishing 9 14 13 13 13 15 25 15 15 9
Other 6 7 8 5 5 7 14 5 7 8
Vessels Lost 4 2 2 3 6 1 2 0 2 0
Fatalities 5 1 2 2 2 4 2 2 0 3
Incidents 29 51 39 24 50 67 82 59 58 39
 
Maritimes Region
Shipping Accidents 118 85 90 121 129 101 95 100 64 78
Accidents Aboard Ship 17 10 10 5 13 8 7 11 8 6
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 128 95 97 128 138 108 104 107 66 89
Cargo 5 3 4 3 3 0 3 1 2 0
Bulk Carrier/OBO 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 3 1 1
Tanker 0 2 0 2 3 0 0 2 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 6 5 3 5 11 7 7 5 5 9
Tug/Barge 8 3 4 3 6 4 4 4 0 2
Fishing 92 73 75 96 99 80 79 78 50 64
Other 17 9 11 17 15 17 11 14 8 13
Vessels Lost 11 10 12 12 14 9 9 12 6 15
Fatalities 9 4 6 1 7 8 2 3 3 9
Incidents 35 35 33 26 35 28 16 21 17 16
Table 2b - Marine Occurrences by Region, Occurrences, Vessels and Losses Involved 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Newfoundland Region
Shipping Accidents 94 73 69 58 80 73 70 74 85 61
Accidents Aboard Ship 11 20 5 5 9 10 8 4 4 5
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 101 76 72 60 86 73 71 76 89 64
Cargo 3 2 1 3 0 1 1 6 2 3
Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 0 1
Tanker 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 5 5 4 4 5 5 2 3 2 6
Tug/Barge 3 3 0 0 2 2 0 0 2 2
Fishing 76 56 58 48 71 64 62 60 81 45
Other 10 7 6 2 5 0 5 4 2 7
Vessels Lost 10 9 15 1 7 6 6 6 11 8
Fatalities 1 9 4 5 0 3 9 6 2 2
Incidents 33 15 12 5 17 20 9 11 29 10
 
Arctic Region
Shipping Accidents 15 8 4 2 7 6 0 4 3 5
Accidents Aboard Ship 3 0 0 0 5 1 0 3 1 1
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 17 8 4 2 7 8 0 4 4 5
Cargo 1 3 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 1
Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
Ferry/Passenger 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 0 1 2 0 2 0 1 0 2
Fishing 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other 9 1 0 0 3 5 0 1 3 1
Vessels Lost 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Fatalities 0 4 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 0
Incidents 1 2 1 1 1 5 0 2 0 1
 
Foreign Waters
Shipping Accidents 15 12 11 12 15 16 8 13 13 8
Accidents Aboard Ship 3 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 3 3
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 17 16 13 13 17 19 9 16 15 11
Cargo 0 1 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0
Bulk Carrier/OBO 10 7 8 6 6 5 4 11 11 6
Tanker 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 6 3 2 6 10 3 3 3 4
Fishing 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 0
Other 4 1 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 1
Vessels Lost 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Fatalities 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Incidents 7 3 6 5 3 5 1 6 7 8
Table 3 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Category and Type of Accident (Including Commercial Accident Rate) 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  • * Based on data from Transport Canada (2006 and 2007 data are estimated). Note that Statistics Canada changed the method of recording tug and barge movements in 2000.
  • ** The accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 grt] or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
 
Commercial Vessels 157 136 146 143 165 147 140 146 148 156
Collision 11 7 8 8 20 8 15 13 10 9
Capsizing 2 6 1 3 7 4 3 8 9 4
Foundering/Sinking 8 9 14 11 6 3 6 8 9 10
Fire/Explosion 16 17 15 14 20 17 24 18 14 21
Grounding 40 32 31 42 35 31 20 35 26 26
Striking 40 36 43 37 44 46 46 36 41 44
Ice Damage 3 1 2 0 4 2 4 0 1 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
4 2 7 9 8 10 3 5 9 9
Flooding 4 9 7 5 4 9 7 11 6 21
Other 29 17 18 14 17 17 12 12 23 12
Movements* 31 315 40 081 34 843 37 619 39 802 36 208 38 905 38 910 38 945 40 420
Accident Rate** 4.9 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4
 
Fishing Vessels 273 227 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 173
Collision 21 15 11 19 15 7 17 11 11 13
Capsizing 3 5 3 5 5 8 5 7 3 5
Foundering/Sinking 22 23 21 11 19 12 17 15 10 20
Fire/Explosion 37 32 57 28 38 28 31 22 22 35
Grounding 74 71 60 70 67 67 54 49 49 37
Striking 15 8 12 12 15 8 13 4 6 7
Ice Damage 6 3 2 1 21 14 5 2 23 15
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
30 20 7 29 24 20 30 48 17 4
Flooding 55 42 56 41 39 50 46 31 39 24
Other 10 8 3 16 10 9 12 9 4 13
 
Other Vessels 63 43 51 49 51 46 45 44 40 37
Collision 9 3 7 3 7 6 4 7 3 8
Capsizing 1 4 0 6 0 4 2 3 0 2
Foundering/Sinking 1 6 3 3 5 2 0 1 2 2
Fire/Explosion 10 8 8 7 7 4 9 8 7 4
Grounding 13 5 9 4 8 3 7 9 11 5
Striking 12 12 18 14 13 7 10 8 9 5
Ice Damage 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2
Flooding 3 0 4 3 2 3 2 2 3 1
Other 12 4 1 8 6 15 8 5 3 8
 
Total 493 406 429 424 469 416 415 388 372 366
Table 4 - Foreign-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Category and Type of Accident (Including Commercial Accident Rate) 1999-2009
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  • * Based on data from Transport Canada (2006 and 2007 data are estimated). Note that Statistics Canada changed the method of recording tug and barge movements in 2000.
  • ** The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 grt] or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
 
Commercial Vessels 75 71 62 50 47 48 67 62 52 35
Collision 2 5 5 1 5 3 4 6 0 2
Capsizing 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 6 6 6 4 0 2 5 7 5 3
Grounding 16 12 14 12 8 6 3 18 8 7
Striking 31 27 29 19 18 26 31 20 15 12
Ice Damage 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
4 7 4 3 5 4 7 2 13 0
Flooding 2 0 1 2 2 0 2 1 1 0
Other 13 12 3 8 8 4 14 8 9 10
Movements* 32 352 32 946 31 696 31 442 30 877 31 580 32 223 32 230 32 255 30 920
Accident Rate** 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 2.1 1.9 1.5 1.1
 
Fishing Vessels 7 11 14 6 7 4 7 10 6 1
Collision 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 4 2 0
Capsizing 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Grounding 3 5 3 4 1 1 3 4 4 0
Striking 2 1 4 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Ice Damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Flooding 1 0 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 0
Other 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
 
Other Vessels 6 4 2 2 3 3 2 1 1 6
Collision 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Capsizing 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Grounding 2 1 0 0 1 2 2 1 1 1
Striking 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Ice Damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
 
Total 88 86 78 58 57 55 76 73 59 42
Table 5 - Masters, Skippers and Operators Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Flag and Crew Qualification 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Canadian-Flag Vessels
Commercial Vessels 157 136 146 143 165 147 140 146 148 156
Master Foreign-Going 11 8 13 12 12 14 11 11 8 12
ON1 10 13 8 12 9 8 15 9 8 4
ON2 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
CN1 2 4 6 11 14 8 6 5 5 4
CN2 8 4 6 1 2 9 5 3 4 6
Master-Ferry 1 2 1 3 4 1 2 1 1 2
Watchkeeping Mate 12 7 6 8 11 10 8 8 6 3
Other 38 25 24 29 22 29 11 16 30 35
Unknown 74 72 80 67 89 64 79 92 86 90
No Certificate 1 0 2 0 2 3 2 0 0 0
 
Fishing Vessels 273 227 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 173
Fishing Master - Class 1 2 3 4 2 3 1 2 0 1 0
Fishing Master - Class 2 3 3 3 8 3 4 9 3 1 1
Fishing Master - Class 3 10 11 9 17 16 9 14 10 5 4
Fishing Master - Class 4 13 12 22 19 19 19 23 17 10 8
Fishing - Other Certificate 0 5 1 4 5 2 3 5 0 1
Watchkeeping Mate 0 1 4 3 1 2 0 0 0 1
Other 2 2 1 1 0 1 3 0 2 5
Unknown 238 182 160 126 154 147 133 144 163 152
No Certificate 5 8 28 52 52 38 43 19 2 1
 
Other Vessels 63 43 51 49 51 46 45 44 40 37
Master Foreign-Going 13 4 10 9 7 6 6 5 3 6
ON1 3 5 1 2 4 4 3 4 1 2
ON2 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
CN1 1 1 2 0 0 0 2 2 1 0
CN2 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 2 1
Watchkeeping Mate 0 4 8 6 2 6 2 3 1 1
Other 14 6 4 5 10 10 9 4 8 1
Unknown 30 23 24 25 27 16 21 26 23 26
No Certificate 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0
 
Foreign-Flag Vessels
Commercial Vessels 75 71 62 50 47 48 67 62 52 35
Master Foreign-Going 36 46 33 25 17 19 20 26 20 17
CN1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
CN2 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
Other 6 3 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 17
Unknown 33 21 27 24 30 29 46 34 32 0
 
Fishing Vessels 7 11 14 6 7 4 7 10 6 1
Certificate 0 4 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0
Unknown 7 7 12 5 5 3 7 10 6 1
No Certificate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 
Other Vessels 6 4 2 2 3 3 2 1 1 6
Master Foreign-Going 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
Unknown 4 4 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 0
No Certificate 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Table 6 - Vessels Lost by Vessel Category and Age 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
 
Commercial Vessels 5 4 7 8 4 1 2 9 6 6
Unknown 1 0 0 4 2 0 1 2 2 0
0-4 years 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
30+ years 2 3 4 3 2 1 1 7 4 3
 
Fishing Vessels 39 30 44 20 32 19 24 24 21 26
Unknown 4 4 7 4 2 5 3 4 3 5
0-4 years 1 0 2 0 2 2 2 2 1 0
5-9 years 3 4 1 4 2 2 1 4 1 5
10-14 years 5 6 9 3 4 0 2 2 3 2
15-19 years 7 4 3 1 5 3 7 3 2 2
20-24 years 5 4 7 2 5 3 3 3 3 4
25-29 years 2 2 2 3 5 1 4 1 4 2
30+ years 12 6 13 3 7 3 2 5 4 6
 
Other Vessels 1 3 0 4 2 2 0 1 1 1
Unknown 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 0
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
25-29 years 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30+ years 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0
 
All Vessels 45 37 51 32 38 22 26 34 28 33
Unknown 5 6 7 9 5 7 4 7 6 5
0-4 years 2 0 3 1 2 2 2 2 1 0
5-9 years 3 4 2 4 2 2 1 4 1 5
10-14 years 6 6 9 3 4 0 2 2 3 2
15-19 years 7 4 3 1 5 3 7 3 2 2
20-24 years 6 5 8 2 5 3 3 3 3 6
25-29 years 2 3 2 3 5 1 4 1 4 4
30+ years 14 9 17 9 10 4 3 12 8 9
Table 7 - Accidents, Fatalities and Injuries by Type of Accident 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  • * The total number of fatalities includes missing persons.
Shipping Accidents with Fatalities or Injuries
Collision 3 1 2 4 2 1 4 0 0 1
Capsizing 2 6 3 4 3 7 6 6 4 6
Sinking/Foundering 4 7 5 3 2 7 1 1 3 5
Fire/Explosion 2 1 2 5 4 2 1 4 1 4
Grounding 3 2 2 4 2 0 0 3 0 3
Striking 2 3 4 4 5 2 5 2 3 1
Other 4 2 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 0
Total 20 22 19 25 19 21 17 16 12 20
 
Fatalities*
Collision 5 2 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0
Capsizing 2 6 3 10 5 9 10 6 2 7
Sinking/Foundering 5 7 10 7 2 11 3 1 0 6
Fire/Explosion 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0
Grounding 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0
Striking 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 14 16 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 13
 
Injuries
Collision 3 0 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 1
Capsizing 0 5 1 0 2 7 4 1 2 9
Sinking/Foundering 5 5 6 4 2 4 0 0 3 1
Fire/Explosion 1 3 2 7 4 6 1 6 9 5
Grounding 3 3 3 10 3 0 0 3 0 6
Striking 4 5 5 16 22 15 13 16 14 1
Other 7 2 0 1 1 3 0 0 1 0
Total 23 23 18 42 35 37 25 26 29 23
 
Accidents Aboard Ship 69 77 59 36 66 50 45 50 60 59
Fatalities*
Carried Overboard 0 1 2 0 3 0 0 0 2 1
Caught by Cargo/Machinery 5 1 3 1 2 1 1 0 1 4
Fell Overboard 6 7 8 3 2 2 3 2 2 2
Fell into Tank/Hold 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Fell on Deck or off Quay 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Heavy Weather 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Suicide (Suspected) 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Other 3 5 2 5 0 2 0 3 5 3
Total 15 15 17 9 8 6 7 5 10 11
 
Injuries
Carried Overboard 0 1 3 2 2 2 3 0 2 0
Caught by Cargo/Machinery 17 33 16 11 25 16 17 23 13 16
Fell Overboard 5 4 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 0
Fell into Tank/Hold 3 2 1 1 3 0 0 0 5 2
Fell on Deck or off Quay 9 12 8 7 9 4 8 5 6 8
Heavy Weather 0 0 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 2
Suicide (Suspected) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 27 19 20 13 18 19 11 19 18 23
Total 61 71 52 36 60 43 40 47 45 51
Table 8 - Accidents, Fatalities and Injuries by Type of Vessel 1999-2008
  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  • * The total number of fatalities includes missing persons.
Shipping Accidents with Fatalities or Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 5 3 3 0 2 1 0 5 3
Fishing 10 9 10 13 11 10 9 9 3 8
Passenger 1 1 0 2 3 1 1 1 0 2
Ferry 0 1 0 2 4 2 3 2 3 1
Other 6 5 5 5 1 6 3 2 0 6
Total 20 22 19 25 19 21 17 16 12 20
 
Fatalities*
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 1 4 1 0 3 0 0 2 0
Fishing 7 5 10 9 8 13 11 8 1 10
Passenger 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ferry 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Other 6 4 3 5 1 6 2 1 0 3
Total 14 16 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 13
 
Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Tug/Barge 4 7 2 6 0 0 3 0 6 4
Fishing 10 7 10 18 10 8 8 5 2 2
Passenger 3 0 0 1 8 10 4 8 0 4
Ferry 0 1 0 14 17 7 9 8 20 1
Other 6 8 4 3 0 12 1 3 0 12
  23 23 18 42 35 37 25 26 29 23
 
Accidents Aboard Ship
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 14 15 16 9 16 15 6 13 16 17
Tanker 2 2 3 0 3 1 2 5 2 2
Tug/Barge 3 3 7 4 4 3 5 4 7 8
Fishing 28 34 23 13 27 26 15 21 21 15
Passenger 6 5 2 2 0 0 5 2 4 6
Ferry 2 4 0 4 4 3 3 1 0 2
Other 14 14 8 4 12 2 9 4 10 9
Total 69 77 59 36 66 50 45 50 60 59
 
Fatalities*
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 4 3 3 1 0 1 1 2 2 5
Tanker 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Tug/Barge 1 2 4 0 2 0 0 1 1 1
Fishing 8 8 8 5 4 3 3 2 5 4
Passenger 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Ferry 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0
Other 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 0 3 1
Total 15 15 17 9 8 6 7 6 11 11
 
Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 10 15 14 9 18 14 5 19 15 14
Tanker 2 2 2 0 3 1 2 4 2 2
Tug/Barge 2 3 8 5 2 3 5 3 6 7
Fishing 25 29 16 14 23 23 13 19 16 11
Passenger 8 4 3 2 0 0 4 6 4 6
Ferry 1 4 0 4 2 2 3 1 0 2
Other 13 14 9 2 12 1 9 5 8 9
Total 61 71 52 36 60 44 41 57 51 51

Appendix B — Definitions

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Marine Occurrence

  1. any accident or incident associated with the operation of a ship4 and
  2. any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph a) above.

The Act applies

  1. in Canada; and
  2. in any other place, including waters described in paragraph c), if
    1. Canada is requested to investigate the marine occurrence by an appropriate authority,
    2. the marine occurrence involves a ship registered or licensed in Canada, or
    3. a competent witness to, or person having information concerning a matter that may have contributed to, the marine occurrence arrives or is found at any place in Canada.
  3. This Act also applies in respect of marine occurrences related to an activity concerning the exploration or exploitation of the continental shelf.

Reportable Marine Accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft,5 where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the ship or falling overboard from the ship, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the ship or its contents, or
  2. the ship
    1. sinks, founders or capsizes,
    2. is involved in a collision (which includes collisions, strikings and contacts),
    3. sustains a fire or an explosion,
    4. goes aground,
    5. sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose, or
    6. is missing or abandoned.

For statistical purposes, accidents defined in paragraph a) are classified as "Accidents Aboard Ship" and accidents defined in paragraph b) are classified as "Shipping Accidents."

Reportable Marine Incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of a ship, other than a pleasure craft, where

  1. a person falls overboard from the ship;
  2. the ship, of 100 gross tons or more, unintentionally makes contact with the bottom without going aground;
  3. the ship fouls a utility cable or pipe, or underwater pipeline;
  4. the ship is involved in a risk of collision;
  5. the ship sustains a total failure of any machinery;
  6. the ship sustains a shifting of cargo or a loss of cargo overboard;
  7. the ship is intentionally grounded or beached to avoid an accident;
  8. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  9. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the ship.

Vessels Covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel Categories

  • Commercial Vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, tankers, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.
  • Fishing Vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.
  • Other Vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Type of Vessel

Cargo: Ships designed for the carriage of various types and forms of cargo and the combined carriage of general cargo and passengers with 12 or less fare-paying passengers.

Bulk Carrier: Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore or other dry cargo.

OBO (Oil/Bulk/Ore Carrier): Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore with additional facilities for alternative, but not simultaneous, carriage of oil or loose dry cargo.

Tanker: Propelled ships designed and constructed for the bulk carriage of liquids.

Tug: Vessels designed for the towing and pushing of ships or other floating structures. Additional activity may include salvage, fire-fighting and work duties of a general nature.

Barge: Vessels designed as non-propelled units for the carriage of cargo in holds or in tanks or weather deck cargo space only for the carriage of non-perishable cargo, or specially outfitted for specific operations.

Ferry: Ships that follow a regular scheduled service of relatively short duration, designed for the carriage of passengers and vehicles. There is usually no cabin accommodation for passengers or not all passengers are accommodated in cabins where cabins are provided.

Passenger: Vessels designed for the carriage of passengers.

Fishing: Vessels designed for fishing operations and support.

Service: Vessels designed for supporting marine transportation such as icebreakers, buoy tenders, search and rescue vessels, pilot boats and fireboats.

Non-Commercial: Vessels designed to conduct non-commercial activities such as pleasure craft, seaplanes and naval vessels.

Other: Vessels designed for other functions such as laying and repair of sea-bed cables, dredging, training, patrolling as well as ships and platforms designed for the extraction, processing, and storage of oil/gas from offshore wells; ships designed for the carriage of stores and cargo to offshore installations; ships outfitted for support activities related to offshore oil and gas exploration; and vessels designed for research work such as seismic research, oceanic and hydrographic survey.

Type of Accident

Collision: An impact between two or more vessels under way.

Capsizing: To turn over.

Foundering: To fill from above the waterline and sink.

Sinking: To become submerged from water intake below the waterline and settle to the bottom.

Fire: Where a fire is the first event reported.

Explosion: Where an explosion is the first event reported.

Grounding: To touch bottom and remain stranded.

Striking: A hard impact with a stationary object or a vessel not under way.

Ice Damage: Damage sustained as a consequence of contact with ice.

Propeller Damage: Damage to a vessel propeller, propeller portion or propeller adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Rudder Damage: Damage to a vessel rudder or rudder adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Structural Damage: Hull damage, such as cracks and fractures, sustained by a vessel affecting its seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Flooding: To fill a compartment below the waterline with water admitted from the sea.

Other: Vessels lost or damaged for other reasons, including contact defined as a lateral/light impact with another vessel or an object (that is, bottom contact affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose).

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel's travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Under way: Vessel not at anchor or made fast to shore or aground.

Appendix C — Regional Limits

Appendix C - Regional Limits


  1. It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05). 
  2. Oil/bulk/ore carrier (OBO), see Appendix B
  3. The majority of vessels classified under unknown tonnage were vessels of 15 or less in gross tonnage. 
  4. Ship includes: a) every description of vessel, boat or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for marine navigation without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and b) a dynamically supported craft. 
  5. Pleasure craft means a ship that is used for pleasure or recreation and does not carry goods or passengers for hire or reward.