Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2010

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Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian maritime safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on marine occurrences. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when using these statistics. The 2010 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 16 March 2011.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary, Marine Occurrences 2010, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Comments on this document can be forwarded to the following address:

Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Communications Division
Place du Centre
200 Promenade du Portage
4th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 1K8

Telephone: 819-994-3741
Facsimile: 819-997-2239
E-mail: communications@tsb.gc.ca

©  Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada 2010
Cat. No. TU1-1/2010E


Marine Occurrences in 2010

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Casualties (Tables 1 and 8)

In 2010, 353 marine accidents were reported to the TSB, down from the 2009 total of 393 and the 2005-2009 average of 447. Over the past 10 years, nearly 90% of marine accidents have been shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship (see Appendix B — Definitions).

Shipping accidents reached a 36-year low of 299 in 2010, a 12% decrease from the 2009 total of 341 and a 24% decrease from the 2005-2009 average of 393. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates that there has been a significant downward trend1 in the number of shipping accidents since 2001 (p<0.001) (Figure 1). In 2010, there were 52 accidents aboard ship, up from 59 in 2009 but down slightly from the 2005-2009 average of 54. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on cargo/bulk carrier/OBO2 vessels (31%) and fishing vessels (26%).

Figure 1 - Accidents Aboard Ship and Shipping Accidents, 2001-2010 [D]
Figure 1 - Accidents Aboard Ship and Shipping Accidents, 2001-2010

Marine-related fatalities totalled 17 in 2010 (Figure 2), down from the 2009 total of14 and the 2005-2009 average of 19. Fishing vessel accidents accounted for 7 of the 11 shipping vessel fatalities in 2010.

Injuries in 2010 totalled 64, down from 68 in 2009 and the 2005-2009 average of 72. Fifty of the 64 injuries (48 of the 51 serious injuries) resulted from accidents aboard ship, and 11 of those (all serious) occurred aboard fishing vessels.

Figure 2 - Marine Fatalities and Injuries, 2001-2010 [D]
Figure 2 - Marine Fatalities and Injuries, 2001-2010

Shipping Accidents

Type of Accidents (Table 1): As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2010 were groundings (34%) and fire/explosions (18%). Groundings increased by 8% from the five-year average, while fire/explosions decreased by 7% and striking accidents decreased by 35%.

Figure 3 - Shipping Accidents by Accident Type [D]
Figure 3 - Shipping Accidents by Accident Type

Type of Vessels (Table 1): In 2010, there were 23 547 registered fishing vessels in Canada, representing 57% of all registered vessels excluding pleasure craft (source: Transport Canada). Since 2001, 46% of the vessels involved in shipping accidents have been fishing vessels. In 2010, there were 136 fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), compared to 140 in 2009 and the 2005-2009 average of 190. After fishing vessels, bulk carriers/OBO vessels (13%) and tugs/barges (13%) were involved most often in shipping accidents.

Figure 4 - Shipping Accidents by Vessel Type [D]
Figure 4 - Shipping Accidents by Vessel Type

Geographical Region (Tables 2a and 2b): In 2010, 71% of shipping accidents occurred in three of the seven geographical regions (Figure 5): the Western region (30%), the Maritimes region (23%) and the Laurentian region (18%). Shipping accidents decreased from the 2005-2009 average by 52% in the Newfoundland region and 26% in the Laurentian region. The Central region had 41 shipping accidents, down 14% from the 2005-2009 average of 46. The Central and Newfoundland regions each accounted for 14% and 11% of shipping accidents respectively. Within the narrower waterways of the Central region, accidents most often involved larger commercial vessels such as cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels. The remaining 4% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters (8) or in the Arctic region (5).

Although accidents involving fishing vessels accounted for approximately three-quarters of all shipping accidents in the Maritimes region, fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents decreased in the Western, Laurentian, Maritimes and Newfoundland regions compared to the 2005-2009 average. In the Newfoundland region, 19 fishing vessels were involved in shipping accidents, down 65% from the 2005-2009 average of 54.

Figure 5 - Shipping Accidents by Region [D]
Figure 5 - Shipping Accidents by Region

Vessel Flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4): In 2010, 83% of the 321 vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 50% of the Canadian-flag vessels were fishing vessels, 37% were commercial non-fishing vessels and the remaining 13% were non-commercial/pleasure craft or service vessels (Figure 6).

Figure 6 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents, 2001-2010 [D]
Figure 6 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents, 2001-20101

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2010, groundings (38%) and fire/explosions (21%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in groundings (33%) or strikings (24%). Marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels over 15 gross tons (grt) (excluding passenger vessels and cruise ships) decreased by 18% from the 2005-2009 average. This yields an accident rate of 3.3 accidents per 1000 movements, down from the five-year average of 3.9.

In 2010, 53 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 91% of which were commercial non-fishing vessels involved mainly in strikings (29%) or groundings (29%). Marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels decreased by 9% from the 2005-2009 average while the accident rate decreased to 1.7 accidents per 1000 movements from the five-year average of 1.9.

Vessels Lost (Tables 1 and 6):In 2010, 26 vessels were reported lost, down from 27 in 2009 and the 2005-2009 average of 31. During the past 10 years, small fishing vessels (less than 15 gross tons [grt])3 have accounted for the largest proportion of vessels lost in Canada. Of the 26 vessels lost in 2010, 7 were commercial non-fishing vessels and 23 were fishing vessels. Nearly half (46%) of vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and 42% were 20 years or older.

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 2a and 2b)

Pursuant to mandatory reporting requirements, 234 marine incidents were reported to the TSB in 2010, down from the 2009 total of 247 and the 2005-2009 average of 255. The majority of reportable incidents consisted of engine/rudder/propeller failures. The Western region had the majority of close-quarters situations (74%) and engine/rudder/propeller incidents (55%).

In 2010, incidents in the Western region represented 50% of all marine incidents. The proportion of marine incidents in other regions was as follows: Laurentian 19%, Central 18%, Newfoundland 6% and Maritimes 3%. Seven reported incidents took place in foreign waters, and three occurred in the Arctic region.

In 2010, vessels most often involved in close-quarters situations were commercial vessels (70%) and fishing vessels (22%). In the majority of these incidents, the vessels involved were fishing, tugs, ferries and cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels.

Figure 7 - Marine Incidents by Type, 2010 [D]
Figure 7 - Marine Incidents by Type, 2010

Appendix A — Marine Occurence Tables

Table 1 Total Marine Occurances Types, Vessels and Losses Involved 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
* Due to changes in the application of reporting criteria by the TSB in 2009, some accidents formerly categorized as Ice damage are now categorized as Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage.
** Due to changes in the application of reporting criteria by the TSB for Reportable Incidents (Sea suction blocked by ice), the total number of reportable incidents over the 2001-2010 period has increased.
Shipping Accidents by Type * 459 448 481 442 444 422 398 361 341 299
Collision 16 15 24 12 20 19 13 17 15 10
Capsizing 6 14 11 19 10 18 12 13 8 8
Foundering/Sinking 37 26 30 17 21 24 20 32 22 19
Fire/Explosion 84 53 65 51 69 55 49 62 53 54
Grounding 114 129 118 108 87 112 95 71 110 103
Striking 89 72 76 82 81 62 61 57 51 41
Ice Damage 4 2 28 17 11 2 26 15 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
19 42 39 36 43 56 41 15 16 8
Flooding 70 52 49 63 59 46 49 45 34 23
Other 20 43 41 37 43 27 32 34 32 33
 
Accidents Aboard Ship 59 37 67 50 45 50 62 59 52 54
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 507 482 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321
Cargo 31 20 18 21 19 30 25 18 22 18
Bulk Carrier/OBO 58 58 48 52 70 60 56 49 53 43
Tanker 12 9 15 7 15 13 9 5 10 12
Tug 39 25 34 32 30 27 43 48 22 22
Barge 28 32 31 34 27 33 29 29 28 17
Ferry 24 21 25 20 26 26 25 30 25 20
Passenger 16 27 41 29 20 19 17 15 15 15
Fishing 246 238 260 227 237 208 190 173 140 136
Service Vessel 27 18 27 25 20 22 25 25 34 22
Non-Commercial 18 19 14 11 10 14 10 11 13 7
Other 8 15 13 13 17 9 7 6 14 9
 
By Vessel Flag 507 482 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321
Canadian (Non-Fishing) 197 192 216 193 185 190 192 196 178 134
Canadian (Fishing) 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134
Foreign 78 58 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 53
 
Vessels Lost by Gross Tonnage 51 32 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 26
1600 grt and over 1 2 2 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
150 to 1599 grt 3 1 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 0
60 to 149 grt 8 4 8 5 6 7 8 4 5 4
15 to 59 grt 15 7 12 8 7 6 9 14 7 10
Less than 15 grt 18 12 12 3 9 13 10 11 6 7
Unknown Tonnage 6 6 2 6 4 4 3 3 6 5
 
Fatalities 34 29 18 28 20 18 15 29 14 17
Shipping Accidents 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 18 7 11
Accidents Aboard Ship 17 10 9 6 7 6 12 11 7 6
 
Injuries 70 78 95 82 66 81 81 66 68 64
Shipping Accidents 18 42 35 37 25 26 29 15 21 14
Accidents Aboard Ship 52 36 60 45 41 55 52 51 47 50
 
Reportable Incidents by Type ** 259 195 251 269 260 235 260 275 247 234
Close-quarters Situation 60 29 60 67 56 30 21 20 12 27
Engine/Rudder/Propeller 99 57 83 106 85 112 90 129 124 126
Cargo Trouble 4 5 3 1 4 4 1 6 5 3
Personal Incidents 8 8 14 9 4 12 21 10 9 13
Other 88 96 91 86 111 77 127 110 97 65
Table 2a - Marine Occurences by Region, Occurences, Vessels and Losses Involved 2001-2010.
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Western Region
Shipping Accidents 158 139 141 125 124 124 102 109 114 89
Accidents Aboard Ship 29 16 20 15 13 15 20 15 21 12
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 179 155 159 135 145 142 116 131 127 97
Cargo 8 2 5 3 2 9 3 3 9 5
Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 1 4 7 3 3 2 4 5 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Ferry/Passenger 15 19 26 19 26 25 12 15 15 9
Tug/Barge 39 33 31 31 34 38 42 48 24 23
Fishing 98 78 76 65 69 51 43 54 49 48
Other 17 22 17 10 11 16 14 7 24 12
Vessels Lost 22 13 11 6 8 15 11 10 8 5
Fatalities 12 10 5 8 6 6 8 9 6 5
Incidents 122 86 95 98 87 84 68 146 111 117
 
Central Region
Shipping Accidents 68 57 53 59 52 46 51 45 36 41
Accidents Aboard Ship 3 3 2 7 3 4 9 14 6 9
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 79 63 59 62 55 50 55 51 39 44
Cargo 5 5 2 11 3 3 6 4 0 7
Bulk Carrier/OBO 32 25 15 22 29 25 21 23 19 16
Tanker 6 2 4 1 4 2 1 2 3 2
Ferry/Passenger 13 13 14 7 3 7 11 2 0 9
Tug/Barge 11 12 15 10 9 6 9 12 7 3
Fishing 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2
Other 10 4 8 9 6 5 6 7 9 5
Vessels Lost 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 1
Fatalities 9 10 2 4 1 0 1 0 0 1
Incidents 26 28 23 25 32 33 45 28 34 42
 
Laurentian Region
Shipping Accidents 59 59 56 62 94 61 76 56 78 54
Accidents Aboard Ship 9 6 17 8 13 11 16 15 10 19
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 63 61 60 66 107 66 87 60 89 57
Cargo 12 6 3 5 11 11 11 7 10 4
Bulk Carrier/OBO 12 21 19 17 32 17 20 14 25 19
Tanker 4 4 5 4 11 7 7 4 4 4
Ferry/Passenger 5 7 10 11 7 3 10 12 8 8
Tug/Barge 9 5 5 7 7 8 17 7 12 8
Fishing 13 13 13 15 25 15 15 9 20 9
Other 8 5 5 7 14 5 7 7 10 5
Vessels Lost 2 3 6 1 2 0 2 0 3 1
Fatalities 2 2 2 4 2 2 0 3 2 2
Incidents 59 44 77 88 115 78 89 67 66 45
 
Maritimes Region
Shipping Accidents 90 121 129 101 95 100 64 77 64 70
Accidents Aboard Ship 10 5 13 8 7 11 8 6 10 2
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 97 128 138 108 104 107 66 88 71 75
Cargo 4 3 3 0 2 1 2 0 2 0
Bulk Carrier/OBO 0 2 1 0 1 3 1 1 0 1
Tanker 0 2 3 0 0 2 0 0 1 0
Ferry/Passenger 3 5 11 7 7 5 5 9 7 1
Tug/Barge 4 3 6 4 4 4 0 2 2 4
Fishing 75 96 99 80 79 78 50 63 50 58
Other 11 17 15 17 11 14 8 13 9 11
Vessels Lost 12 12 14 9 9 12 7 15 5 12
Fatalities 6 1 7 8 2 3 3 9 3 7
Incidents 33 26 35 28 16 21 18 16 16 7
Table 2b - Marine Occurrences by Region, Occurrences, Vessels and Losses Involved 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Newfoundland Region
Shipping Accidents 69 58 80 73 70 74 87 61 35 32
Accidents Aboard Ship 5 5 9 10 8 4 4 5 4 8
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 72 60 86 73 71 76 92 64 38 34
Cargo 1 3 0 1 1 6 3 3 1 2
Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 2 3 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
Tanker 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 3
Ferry/Passenger 4 4 5 5 2 3 4 7 10 7
Tug/Barge 0 0 2 2 0 0 1 2 2 0
Fishing 58 48 71 64 62 60 81 45 20 19
Other 6 2 5 0 5 4 3 6 4 3
Vessels Lost 15 1 7 6 6 6 11 8 8 6
Fatalities 4 5 0 3 9 6 2 6 3 1
Incidents 12 5 17 20 9 11 31 9 12 13
 
Arctic Region
Shipping Accidents 4 2 7 6 0 4 3 5 6 5
Accidents Aboard Ship 0 0 5 1 0 3 1 1 0 0
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 4 2 7 8 0 4 4 5 6 5
Cargo 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 3
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1
Tug/Barge 1 2 0 2 0 1 0 2 3 0
Fishing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Other 0 0 3 5 0 1 3 1 3 1
Vessels Lost 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Fatalities 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Incidents 1 1 1 5 0 2 0 1 2 3
 
Foreign Waters
Shipping Accidents 11 12 15 16 8 13 14 8 6 8
Accidents Aboard Ship 3 2 1 1 1 2 4 3 1 4
 
Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents
By Type of Vessel 13 13 17 19 9 16 16 11 6 9
Cargo 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulk Carrier/OBO 8 7 6 5 4 11 12 6 3 7
Tanker 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 3 2 6 10 3 3 3 4 0 1
Fishing 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0
Other 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 1
Vessels Lost 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Fatalities 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1
Incidents 6 5 3 5 1 6 9 8 6 7
Table 3 - Canadian-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Category and Type of Accident (Including Commercial Accident Rate) 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • * Based on data from Transport Canada. 2010 data are estimated.
  • ** The accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 grt or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
 
Commercial Vessels 146 143 165 147 140 146 151 159 120 99
Collision 8 8 20 8 15 13 10 9 7 6
Capsizing 1 3 7 4 3 8 9 4 3 5
Foundering/Sinking 14 11 6 3 6 8 9 11 13 5
Fire/Explosion 15 14 20 17 24 18 15 21 12 14
Grounding 31 42 35 31 20 35 27 26 35 33
Striking 43 37 44 46 46 37 41 45 28 24
Ice Damage 2 0 4 2 4 0 2 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
7 9 8 10 3 5 9 9 6 1
Flooding 7 5 4 9 7 11 6 22 6 0
Other 18 14 17 17 12 11 23 12 10 11
Movements* 34 843 37 619 39 802 36 208 39 264 41 076 34 436 29 717 24 214 27 500
Accident Rate** 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.9 4.7 4.7 3.3
 
Fishing Vessels 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134
Collision 11 19 15 7 17 11 11 13 6 4
Capsizing 3 5 5 9 5 7 3 5 3 1
Foundering/Sinking 21 11 19 11 17 15 10 20 7 13
Fire/Explosion 57 28 38 28 31 22 22 35 26 28
Grounding 60 70 67 67 54 49 49 36 56 51
Striking 12 12 15 8 13 4 6 7 4 3
Ice Damage 2 1 21 14 5 2 23 15 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
7 29 24 20 30 48 17 4 1 1
Flooding 56 41 39 50 46 31 39 24 20 19
Other 3 16 10 9 12 9 4 13 12 14
 
Other Vessels 51 49 51 46 45 44 41 37 58 35
Collision 7 3 7 6 4 7 3 8 10 6
Capsizing 0 6 0 4 2 3 0 3 2 2
Foundering/Sinking 3 3 5 2 0 1 2 2 2 1
Fire/Explosion 8 7 7 4 9 8 8 4 10 6
Grounding 9 4 8 3 7 9 11 5 13 4
Striking 18 14 13 7 10 9 9 5 7 5
Ice Damage 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1
Flooding 4 3 2 3 2 2 3 0 4 1
Other 1 8 6 15 8 4 3 8 9 9
 
Total 429 424 469 416 415 388 376 368 313 268
Table 4 - Foreign-Flag Vessels Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Category and Type of Accident (Including Commercial Accident Rate) 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • * Based on data from Transport Canada 2010 data are estimated.
  • ** The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 grt or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
 
Commercial Vessels 62 49 47 48 67 62 53 36 55 48
Collision 5 0 5 3 4 6 0 2 6 2
Capsizing 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 6 4 0 2 5 7 5 3 4 5
Grounding 14 12 8 6 3 18 8 7 7 14
Striking 29 19 18 26 31 20 15 12 16 14
Ice Damage 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0  
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
4 3 5 4 7 2 13 0 3 3
Flooding 1 2 2 0 2 1 1 0 3 3
Other 3 8 8 4 14 8 10 11 11 5
Movements* 31 696 31 442 30 877 31 580 32 234 29 256 30 644 28 015 23 709 26 200
Accident Rate** 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.3 1.7
 
Fishing Vessels 14 6 7 4 7 10 6 1 5 2
Collision 1 0 1 0 1 4 2 0 1 0
Capsizing 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Grounding 3 4 1 1 3 4 4 0 3 2
Striking 4 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ice Damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 2 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 1 0
Other 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 
Other Vessels 2 3 3 3 2 1 1 5 3 3
Collision 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 2
Capsizing 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Grounding 0 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Ice Damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/
Structural Damage
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
 
Total 78 58 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 53
Table 5 - Masters, Skippers and Operators Involved in Shipping Accidents by Vessel Flag and Crew Qualification 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Canadian-Flag Vessels
Commercial Vessels 146 143 165 147 140 146 151 159 120 99
Master Foreign-Going 13 12 12 14 11 11 9 12 4 8
ON1 8 12 9 8 15 9 8 4 7 1
ON2 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
CN1 6 11 14 8 6 5 5 4 3 2
CN2 6 1 2 9 5 3 4 6 6 6
Master-Ferry 1 3 4 1 2 1 2 2 2 3
Watchkeeping Mate 6 8 11 10 8 8 6 3 3 2
Other 24 29 22 29 11 16 31 36 20 16
Unknown 80 67 89 64 79 92 86 92 74 61
No Certificate 2 0 2 3 2 0 0 0 0 0
 
Fishing Vessels 232 232 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134
Fishing Master - Class 1 4 2 3 1 2 0 1 0 1 1
Fishing Master - Class 2 3 8 3 4 9 3 1 1 3 4
Fishing Master - Class 3 9 17 16 9 14 10 5 4 5 6
Fishing Master - Class 4 22 19 19 19 23 17 10 7 17 14
Fishing - Other Certificate 1 4 5 2 3 5 0 1 0 1
Watchkeeping Mate 4 3 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 2
Other 1 1 0 1 3 0 2 5 4 7
Unknown 160 126 154 147 132 144 163 152 104 97
No Certificate 28 52 52 38 44 19 2 1 1 2
 
Other Vessels 51 49 51 46 45 44 41 37 58 35
Master Foreign-Going 10 9 7 6 6 5 4 6 2 0
ON1 1 2 4 4 3 4 1 2 6 0
ON2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
CN1 2 0 0 0 2 2 1 0 1 1
CN2 1 0 0 3 0 0 2 1 2 2
Watchkeeping Mate 8 6 2 6 2 3 1 1 1 1
Other 4 5 10 10 9 4 8 2 7 7
Unknown 24 25 27 16 21 26 23 25 37 22
No Certificate 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1
 
Foreign-Flag Vessels
Commercial Vessels 62 49 47 48 67 62 53 36 55 48
Master Foreign-Going 33 24 17 19 20 26 19 17 18 20
CN1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
CN2 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 2
Unknown 27 24 30 29 46 34 34 18 35 26
 
Fishing Vessels 14 6 7 4 7 10 6 1 5 2
Certificate 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Unknown 12 5 5 3 7 10 6 1 4 2
No Certificate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 
Other Vessels 2 3 3 3 2 1 1 5 3 3
Master Foreign-Going 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Unknown 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 5 2 2
No Certificate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Table 6 - Vessels Lost by Vessel Category and Age 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
 
Commercial Vessels 7 8 4 1 2 9 7 7 8 1
Unknown 0 4 2 0 1 2 2 1 4 1
0-4 years 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
30+ years 4 3 2 1 1 7 5 3 3 0
 
Fishing Vessels 44 20 32 19 24 25 22 27 16 23
Unknown 7 4 2 5 3 4 3 6 0 3
0-4 years 2 0 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1
5-9 years 1 4 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5
10-14 years 9 3 4 0 2 2 3 2 4 1
15-19 years 3 1 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2
20-24 years 7 2 5 3 3 3 3 4 4 6
25-29 years 2 3 5 1 4 1 4 2 2 1
30+ years 13 3 7 3 2 6 4 6 4 4
 
Other Vessels 0 4 2 2 0 1 2 1 3 2
Unknown 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 0 3 2
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30+ years 0 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
 
All Vessels 51 32 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 26
Unknown 7 9 5 7 4 7 6 7 7 6
0-4 years 3 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1
5-9 years 2 4 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5
10-14 years 9 3 4 0 2 2 3 2 5 1
15-19 years 3 1 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2
20-24 years 8 2 5 3 3 3 3 6 4 6
25-29 years 2 3 5 1 4 1 4 4 2 1
30+ years 17 9 10 4 3 13 10 9 7 4
Table 7 - Accidents, Fatalities and Injuries by Type of Accident 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
* The total number of fatalities includes missing persons.
Shipping Accidents with Fatalities or Injuries
Collision 2 4 2 1 4 0 0 1 3 2
Capsizing 3 4 3 8 6 6 4 7 2 1
Sinking/Foundering 5 3 2 6 1 1 3 5 4 2
Fire/Explosion 2 5 4 2 1 4 1 4 3 3
Grounding 2 4 2 0 0 3 0 3 2 2
Striking 4 4 5 2 5 2 3 1 4 2
Other 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 2
Total 19 25 19 21 17 16 12 21 20 14
 
Fatalities*
Collision 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Capsizing 3 10 5 11 10 6 2 12 2 4
Sinking/Foundering 10 7 2 9 3 1 0 6 4 1
Fire/Explosion 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Grounding 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6
Total 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 18 7 11
 
Injuries
Collision 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 1 4 3
Capsizing 1 0 2 7 4 1 2 1 1 0
Sinking/Foundering 6 4 2 4 0 0 3 1 4 1
Fire/Explosion 2 7 4 6 1 6 9 5 3 5
Grounding 3 10 3 0 0 3 0 6 1 2
Striking 5 16 22 15 13 16 14 1 6 3
Other 0 1 1 3 0 0 1 0 2 0
Total 18 42 35 37 25 26 29 15 21 14
 
Accidents Aboard Ship 59 37 67 50 45 50 62 59 52 54
Fatalities*
Carried Overboard 2 0 3 0 0 0 2 1 1 0
Caught by Cargo/Machinery 3 1 2 1 1 0 2 4 1 0
Fell Overboard 8 3 2 2 3 2 3 2 3 1
Fell into Tank/Hold 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Fell on Deck or off Quay 2 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 2
Heavy Weather 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Suicide (Suspected) 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 2 0 0
Other 2 6 0 2 0 3 5 1 2 3
Total 17 10 9 6 7 6 12 11 7 6
 
Injuries
Carried Overboard 3 2 2 2 3 0 2 0 1 0
Caught by Cargo/Machinery 16 11 25 16 17 23 13 16 17 11
Fell Overboard 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 3
Fell into Tank/Hold 1 1 3 0 0 0 5 2 1 1
Fell on Deck or off Quay 8 7 9 4 8 5 6 8 4 10
Heavy Weather 2 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 3 1
Suicide (Suspected) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 20 13 18 21 12 27 25 23 19 24
Total 52 36 60 45 41 55 52 51 47 50
Table 8 - Accidents, Fatalities and Injuries by Type of Vessel 2001-2010
  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
* The total number of fatalities includes missing persons.
Shipping Accidents with Fatalities or Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 3 3 0 2 1 0 5 3 1 0
Fishing 10 13 11 10 9 9 3 8 9 9
Passenger 0 2 3 1 1 1 0 2 4 1
Ferry 0 2 4 2 3 2 3 1 1 2
Other 5 5 1 6 3 2 0 6 5 2
Total 19 25 19 21 17 16 12 21 20 14
 
Fatalities*
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 4 1 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0
Fishing 10 9 8 13 11 8 1 10 7 7
Passenger 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Ferry 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Other 3 5 1 6 2 1 0 4 0 0
Total 17 19 9 22 13 12 3 18 7 11
 
Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 6 0 0 3 0 6 4 1 0
Fishing 10 18 10 8 8 5 2 2 7 9
Passenger 0 1 8 10 4 8 0 4 5 0
Ferry 0 14 17 7 9 8 20 1 1 3
Other 4 3 0 12 1 3 0 4 7 2
  18 42 35 37 25 26 29 15 21 14
 
Accidents Aboard Ship
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 16 9 16 15 6 13 17 17 15 17
Tanker 3 0 3 1 2 5 2 2 1 1
Tug/Barge 7 4 4 3 5 4 7 8 5 5
Fishing 23 14 28 26 15 21 22 15 19 14
Passenger 2 2 0 0 5 2 4 6 3 5
Ferry 0 4 4 3 3 1 0 2 1 2
Other 8 4 12 2 9 4 10 9 8 10
Total 59 36 67 50 45 50 62 59 52 54
 
Fatalities*
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 3 1 0 1 1 2 2 5 0 1
Tanker 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 4 0 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
Fishing 8 6 5 3 3 2 6 4 4 3
Passenger 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Ferry 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Other 1 2 0 1 1 0 3 1 2 0
Total 17 10 9 6 7 6 12 11 7 6
 
Injuries
Cargo/Bulk Carrier/OBO 14 9 18 14 5 18 16 14 15 16
Tanker 2 0 3 1 2 4 2 2 1 1
Tug/Barge 8 5 2 3 5 3 6 7 4 5
Fishing 16 14 23 23 13 21 16 12 15 11
Passenger 3 2 0 0 4 3 4 6 3 4
Ferry 0 4 2 2 3 1 0 2 1 3
Other 9 2 12 2 9 5 8 8 8 10
Total 52 36 60 45 41 55 52 51 47 50

Appendix B — Definitions

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Marine Occurrence

  1. any accident or incident associated with the operation of a ship4 and
  2. any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph a) above.

The Act applies

  1. in Canada; and
  2. in any other place, including waters described in paragraph c), if
    1. Canada is requested to investigate the marine occurrence by an appropriate authority,
    2. the marine occurrence involves a ship registered or licensed in Canada, or
    3. a competent witness to, or person having information concerning a matter that may have contributed to, the marine occurrence arrives or is found at any place in Canada.
  3. This Act also applies in respect of marine occurrences related to an activity concerning the exploration or exploitation of the continental shelf.

Reportable Marine Accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft,5 where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the ship or falling overboard from the ship, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the ship or its contents, or
  2. the ship
    1. sinks, founders or capsizes,
    2. is involved in a collision (which includes collisions, strikings and contacts),
    3. sustains a fire or an explosion,
    4. goes aground,
    5. sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose, or
    6. is missing or abandoned.

For statistical purposes, accidents defined in paragraph a) are classified as "Accidents Aboard Ship" and accidents defined in paragraph b) are classified as "Shipping Accidents."

Reportable Marine Incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of a ship, other than a pleasure craft, where

  1. a person falls overboard from the ship;
  2. the ship, of 100 gross tons or more, unintentionally makes contact with the bottom without going aground;
  3. the ship fouls a utility cable or pipe, or underwater pipeline;
  4. the ship is involved in a risk of collision;
  5. the ship sustains a total failure of any machinery;
  6. the ship sustains a shifting of cargo or a loss of cargo overboard;
  7. the ship is intentionally grounded or beached to avoid an accident;
  8. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  9. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the ship.

Vessels Covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel Categories

  • Commercial Vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, tankers, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.
  • Fishing Vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.
  • Other Vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Type of Vessel

Cargo: Ships designed for the carriage of various types and forms of cargo and the combined carriage of general cargo and passengers with 12 or less fare-paying passengers.

Bulk Carrier: Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore or other dry cargo.

OBO (Oil/Bulk/Ore Carrier): Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore with additional facilities for alternative, but not simultaneous, carriage of oil or loose dry cargo.

Tanker: Propelled ships designed and constructed for the bulk carriage of liquids.

Tug: Vessels designed for the towing and pushing of ships or other floating structures. Additional activity may include salvage, fire-fighting and work duties of a general nature.

Barge: Vessels designed as non-propelled units for the carriage of cargo in holds or in tanks or weather deck cargo space only for the carriage of non-perishable cargo, or specially outfitted for specific operations.

Ferry: Ships that follow a regular scheduled service of relatively short duration, designed for the carriage of passengers and vehicles. There is usually no cabin accommodation for passengers or not all passengers are accommodated in cabins where cabins are provided.

Passenger: Vessels designed for the carriage of passengers.

Fishing: Vessels designed for fishing operations and support.

Service: Vessels designed for supporting marine transportation such as icebreakers, buoy tenders, search and rescue vessels, pilot boats and fireboats.

Non-Commercial: Vessels designed to conduct non-commercial activities such as pleasure craft, seaplanes and naval vessels.

Other: Vessels designed for other functions such as laying and repair of sea-bed cables, dredging, training, patrolling as well as ships and platforms designed for the extraction, processing, and storage of oil/gas from offshore wells; ships designed for the carriage of stores and cargo to offshore installations; ships outfitted for support activities related to offshore oil and gas exploration; and vessels designed for research work such as seismic research, oceanic and hydrographic survey.

Type of Accident

Collision: An impact between two or more vessels under way.

Capsizing: To turn over.

Foundering: To fill from above the waterline and sink.

Sinking: To become submerged from water intake below the waterline and settle to the bottom.

Fire: Where a fire is the first event reported.

Explosion: Where an explosion is the first event reported.

Grounding: To touch bottom and remain stranded.

Striking: A hard impact with a stationary object or a vessel not under way.

Ice Damage: Damage sustained as a consequence of contact with ice.

Propeller Damage: Damage to a vessel propeller, propeller portion or propeller adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Rudder Damage: Damage to a vessel rudder or rudder adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Structural Damage: Hull damage, such as cracks and fractures, sustained by a vessel affecting its seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Flooding: To fill a compartment below the waterline with water admitted from the sea.

Other: Vessels lost or damaged for other reasons, including contact defined as a lateral/light impact with another vessel or an object (that is, bottom contact affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose).

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel's travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Under way: Vessel not at anchor or made fast to shore or aground.

Appendix C — Regional Limits

Appendix C - Regional Limits


  1. It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<0.05). 
  2. Oil/bulk/ore carrier (OBO), see Appendix B
  3. The majority of vessels classified under “unknown tonnage” were vessels known to be 15 gross tons or less. 
  4. Ship includes: a) every description of vessel, boat or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for marine navigation without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and b) a dynamically supported craft. 
  5. Pleasure craft means a ship that is used for pleasure or recreation and does not carry goods or passengers for hire or reward.