Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2013

Foreword

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This document provides Canadians with an annual summary of selected maritime safety data. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel. The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of our investigations to analyze safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

The 2013 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year. On March 12, 2014, the TSB issued new regulations that change the reporting requirements effective July 1, 2014. These changes will be reflected only in the 2014 Statistical Summary.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics may change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded for some occurrences will not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when using these statistics. The 2013 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 14 February 2014.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary, Marine Occurrences 2013, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.


Marine occurrences in 2013

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Casualties (Tables 1 and 7)

In 2013, 305 marine accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB, up from the 2012 total of 288 but down from the 2008–2012 average of 357. Over the past 10 years, 87% of marine accidents were shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship.

There were 250 shipping accidents in 2013, a 5% increase from the 2012 total of 237 but an 18% decrease from the 2008–2012 average of 305. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates that there has been a significant downward trendFootnote 2 in the number of shipping accidents since 2003 (p < 0.001) (Figure 1, showing 10 year trend).

Figure 1 - Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2004–2013 [D]

(Click to view larger image)

In 2013, there were 55 accidents aboard ship, up from 51 in 2012 and from the 2008–2012 average of 52. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on fishing vessels (44%) and cargo/bulk carrier/OBOFootnote 3 vessels (25%).

Marine fatalities totalled 19 in 2013 (Figure 2), up from a total of 14 in 2012 but equal to the annual average of 19 in 2008–2012. Fishing vessels accounted for all (11) of the shipping accident fatalities. In addition, accidents aboard fishing vessels led to 5 of the 8 accident aboard ship fatalities. In total, there were 16 fishing vessel fatalities in 2013, up from the annual average of 11 in 2008-2012.

Injuries in 2013 totalled 52, down from 66 in 2012 and from the annual average of 65 in 2008–2012. Forty-nine of the 52 injuries (all of the 43 serious injuries) resulted from accidents aboard ship.

Figure 2 - Marine fatalities and injuries, 2004–2013 [D]

(Click to view larger image)

Shipping Accidents

Type of Accidents (Table 1): As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2013 were groundings (25%), strikings (22%), fire/explosion accidents (12%), and floodings (12%). Total groundings decreased by 26% from the five-year average (from 84 to 62), while fire/explosion accidents decreased by 39% (from 51 to 31), strikings increased by 8% (from 52 to 56), and floodings remained approximately the same.

Figure 3 - Shipping accidents by accident type [D]

(Click to view larger image)

Type of Vessels (Table 1): One-hundred and two fishing vessels (36%) were involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), similar to the 99 (38%) in 2012 but down from the 2008–2012 average of 134 (39%). After fishing vessels, 54 tugs/barges (19%), 35 bulk carriers/OBO vessels (12%), and service vessels (11%) were involved most often in shipping accidents.

Figure 4 - Shipping accidents by vessel type [D]

(Click to view larger image)

Geographical Region (Tables 2a and 2b): In 2013, 70% of shipping accidents occurred in three of the seven geographical regions (Figure 5): the Western region (36%), the Laurentian region (19%) and the Maritimes region (14%). The Central and Newfoundland regions accounted for 13% and 10% of shipping accidents respectively in 2013. In the Maritimes region shipping accidents decreased from the 2008–2012 average by 45% (from 66 to 36), in the Newfoundland region by 33% (from 37 to 25), in the Laurentian region by 18% (from 58 to 48), and in the Central Region by 12% (from 36 to 32). The remaining 8% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters (13) or in the Arctic region (6).

Fishing vessels accounted for 77% of all vessels involved in shipping accidents in the Maritimes region and 80% in the Newfoundland region. In these regions, 50 fishing vessels were involved in shipping accidents, down 34% from the 2008–2012 average of 76.

Figure 5 - Shipping accidents by region [D]

(Click to view larger image)

Vessel Flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4): In 2013, 86% of the 287 vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 41% of the Canadian-flag vessels were fishing vessels, 44% were commercial non-fishing vessels and the remaining 15% were non commercial vessels, pleasure craft or service vessels.

According to information provided by Transport Canada, marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels over 15 gross tons (grt) (excluding passenger vessels and cruise ships) was 28,500 commercial movements in 2013. This represents a 5% increase from the 2008–2012 average of 27,125 commercial movements. This yields an accident rate of 3.3 accidents per 1000 movements, down from the five-year average of 3.9 (Figure 6).

Figure 6 - Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels, 2004–2013 [D]

(Click to view larger image)

In 2013, there were an estimated 13754 active fishing vessels in CanadaFootnote 4. The shipping accident rate for Canadian fishing vessels increased from 6.8 fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents per 1000 active fishing vessels in 2012 to 7.3 in 2013, but decreased from the five-year average of 8.9. There has been a statistically significant downward trend in the Canadian fishing vessel shipping accident rate over the last 10 years (p<.001) (Figure 7).

Figure 7 - Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag fishing vessels, 2004–2013 [D]

(Click to view larger image)

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2013, groundings (31%) and floodings (25%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in groundings (30%), or strikings (24%).

In 2013, 39 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 90% of which were commercial non-fishing vessels, 43% of which were involved in strikings. According to information provided by Transport Canada, marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels was 26,700 commercial movements in 2013. This represents a 2% increase from the 2008-2012 average of 26,151 commercial movements. This yields an accident rate of 0.9 accidents per 1000 movements, down from the five-year average of 1.6.

Vessels Lost (Tables 1 and 6):In 2013, 15 vessels were reported lost, down from 24 in 2012, and down from the 2008–2012 average of 27. During the past 10 years, small fishing vessels (less than 15 grt)Footnote 5 have accounted for most of the vessels lost in Canada. Fourteen of the 15 vessels lost in 2013 were fishing vessels. Six of the vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and 47% were at least 20 years old.

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 2a and 2b)

In 2013, 716 marine incidentsFootnote 6 were reported to the TSB, up from a total of 274 in 2012 and an annual average of 250 in 2008–2012. The increase in the number of incidents in 2013 is related to clarification of the threshold used to classify engine/rudder/propeller incidents in order to obtain a better understanding of related safety issues. This change is consistent with the interpretation contained in the new TSB Regulations. In 2013, incidents in the Maritimes region represented 39% of all marine incidents. The proportion of marine incidents in other regions was as follows: Western 23%, Laurentian 17%, Newfoundland 15%, and Central 5%. The remaining 1% of reported incidents took place in foreign waters (9).

The majority of reportable incidents consisted of engine/rudder/propeller failures (73%). The Maritimes region had the majority of engine/rudder/propeller incidents (46%) and the Western region had the majority of close-quarters situations (76%).

In 2013, vessels most often involved in close-quarters situations were commercial vessels (87%) and fishing vessels (11%). In the majority of these incidents, the vessels involved were ferries, passenger, cargo, and OBO vessels.

Figure 8 - Marine incidents by type, 2013 [D]

(Click to view larger image)


Appendices

Appendix A — Marine occurrence tables

Table 1. Marine occurrences (types, vessels and losses involved) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Accidents 492 490 472 460 420 394 355 326 288 305
Shipping accidents by type (a) 442 444 422 398 361 341 299 287 237 250
Collision 12 20 19 13 17 15 10 13 5 11
Capsizing 19 10 18 12 13 8 8 2 6 7
Foundering/Sinking 17 21 24 20 32 22 19 13 13 13
Fire/Explosion 51 69 55 49 62 53 54 52 33 31
Grounding 108 87 112 95 71 110 102 72 66 62
Striking 82 81 63 61 57 51 41 55 56 56
Ice damage 17 11 2 26 15 0 1 0 1 5
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 36 43 56 41 15 16 8 18 11 15
Flooding 63 59 46 49 45 34 23 24 23 30
Other 37 43 27 32 34 32 33 38 23 20
Accidents aboard ship 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 51 55
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by type of vessel 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 324 263 287
Cargo 21 20 28 25 18 22 18 21 26 19
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 52 70 62 57 49 53 43 34 41 35
Tanker 7 15 13 8 6 10 12 11 6 7
Tug 32 30 27 44 48 22 23 25 31 34
Barge 34 27 33 29 29 28 17 21 7 20
Ferry 20 26 26 24 30 25 20 25 14 13
Passenger 28 18 18 15 13 15 15 14 16 15
Fishing 227 239 209 190 173 140 136 121 99 102
Service vessel 25 20 22 25 25 34 22 23 15 32
Non-commercial 11 10 14 10 11 13 6 12 1 6
Other 14 16 9 9 8 14 9 17 7 2
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel flag 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 324 263 287
Canadian non-fishing vessels 189 181 188 187 193 174 132 153 114 146
Canadian fishing vessels 223 232 199 184 172 135 134 117 95 100
Foreign vessels 59 78 74 65 45 67 55 54 54 39
Vessels lost by gross tonnage 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22 24 15
1600 gross tons and over 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
150 to 1599 gross tons 0 0 2 1 3 0 0 0 1 1
60 to 149 gross tons 5 6 7 8 4 5 4 2 3 2
15 to 59 gross tons 8 7 6 9 14 7 10 9 9 6
Less than 15 gross tons 3 9 13 9 11 6 8 10 9 5
Unknown tonnage 6 4 4 4 3 6 5 1 2 1
Fatalities 28 21 18 15 30 15 18 16 14 19
Shipping accidents 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 5 11
Accidents aboard ship 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 9 8
Injuries 81 65 79 82 67 68 81 41 66 52
Shipping accidents 37 25 26 30 17 21 15 10 22 3
Accidents aboard ship 44 40 53 52 50 47 66 31 44 49
Reportable incidents by type (b) 269 260 235 260 276 247 234 221 274 716
Close-quarters situation 67 56 30 21 20 12 27 33 23 54
Engine/Rudder/Propeller 106 85 112 90 129 124 127 105 141 524
Cargo trouble 1 4 4 1 6 5 3 2 5 2
Personal incidents 9 4 12 21 10 9 13 5 6 14
Other 86 111 77 127 111 97 64 76 99 122
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
a. Due to changes in the application of reporting criteria by the TSB in 2009, some accidents formerly categorized as Ice damage are now categorized as Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage.
b. The increase in the number of incidents in 2013 is related to clarification of the threshold used to classify engine/rudder/propeller incidents in order to obtain a better understanding of related safety issues. This change is consistent with the interpretation contained in the new TSB Regulations.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 2a. Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region (Western, Central, Laurentian and Maritimes regions) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Western region                    
Shipping accidents 125 125 124 102 109 114 89 90 77 90
Accidents aboard ship 15 14 15 20 15 21 13 10 16 20
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 135 145 142 116 131 127 97 104 88 107
Cargo 3 2 9 3 3 9 5 4 10 6
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 7 3 3 2 4 5 0 2 4 1
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 19 26 24 12 15 15 9 13 9 10
Tug/Barge 31 34 38 42 48 24 23 28 20 29
Fishing 65 71 52 43 54 49 48 39 34 36
Other 10 9 16 14 7 24 12 18 11 24
Vessels lost 6 8 15 11 10 8 5 3 6 4
Fatalities 8 7 6 8 9 6 6 6 4 2
Incidents 98 87 84 68 146 111 117 119 127 164
Central region                    
Shipping accidents 59 52 46 51 45 36 41 27 32 32
Accidents aboard ship 7 3 4 9 14 7 10 2 7 9
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 62 55 50 55 51 39 44 31 35 39
Cargo 12 5 4 9 6 1 8 4 10 7
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 21 28 24 19 21 19 15 10 8 8
Tanker 1 3 2 0 2 2 2 5 0 2
Ferry/Passenger 7 3 7 11 2 0 9 3 6 4
Tug/Barge 10 9 6 9 12 7 3 4 3 7
Fishing 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 5
Other 9 6 5 6 7 9 5 4 5 6
Vessels lost 0 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 0 0
Fatalities 4 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 1
Incidents 25 32 33 45 28 34 42 28 37 39
Laurentian region                    
Shipping accidents 62 94 61 76 56 78 54 60 43 48
Accidents aboard ship 8 13 11 16 15 10 19 12 10 10
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 66 107 66 87 60 89 57 69 45 55
Cargo 6 17 11 12 9 10 4 9 8 7
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 17 29 18 19 13 25 19 12 17 12
Tanker 3 9 6 7 4 4 4 3 4 2
Ferry/Passenger 10 5 3 8 11 8 8 12 6 10
Tug/Barge 7 7 8 17 7 12 9 8 6 8
Fishing 15 25 15 15 9 20 9 15 3 9
Other 8 15 5 9 7 10 4 10 1 7
Vessels lost 1 2 0 2 0 3 1 2 1 2
Fatalities 4 2 2 0 3 2 2 1 1 5
Incidents 88 115 78 89 67 66 45 57 71 121
Maritimes region                    
Shipping accidents 101 95 100 64 77 64 70 65 52 36
Accidents aboard ship 8 7 11 8 6 10 2 4 6 6
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 108 104 107 66 88 71 75 70 56 39
Cargo 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 3 1 1
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 1 3 1 1 0 1 3 1 1
Tanker 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 2 0 1
Ferry/Passenger 7 7 5 5 9 7 1 7 4 1
Tug/Barge 4 4 3 0 2 2 4 3 6 0
Fishing 80 79 78 50 63 50 58 44 39 30
Other 17 11 15 8 13 9 11 8 5 4
Vessels lost 9 9 12 7 15 5 12 13 11 5
Fatalities 8 2 3 3 9 3 7 3 3 10
Incidents 28 16 21 18 16 16 7 8 16 277
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 2b. Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region (Newfoundland, Arctic region and Foreign waters) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Newfoundland region                    
Shipping accidents 73 70 74 88 61 37 32 37 19 25
Accidents aboard ship 10 8 4 4 5 4 8 11 9 6
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 73 71 76 92 64 38 34 42 23 25
Cargo 1 1 6 3 3 1 2 3 1 1
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
Tanker 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 1 0 1
Ferry/Passenger 5 2 3 3 6 10 7 4 4 2
Tug/Barge 2 0 0 2 2 2 0 3 0 0
Fishing 64 62 60 81 45 20 19 22 18 20
Other 0 5 4 3 7 4 3 8 0 1
Vessels lost 6 6 6 11 8 8 6 4 5 3
Fatalities 3 9 6 2 6 3 1 6 3 1
Incidents 20 9 11 31 9 12 13 5 9 106
Arctic region                    
Shipping accidents 6 0 4 3 5 6 5 1 6 6
Accidents aboard ship 1 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 2 2
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 8 0 4 4 5 6 5 1 7 8
Cargo 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 2 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Tug/Barge 2 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 3 8
Fishing 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other 5 0 1 3 1 3 1 1 0 0
Vessels lost 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Fatalities 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Incidents 5 0 2 0 2 2 3 1 6 0
Foreign waters                    
Shipping accidents 16 8 13 14 8 6 8 7 8 13
Accidents aboard ship 1 1 2 4 3 1 4 0 1 2
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 19 9 16 16 11 6 9 7 9 14
Cargo 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 3 4
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 5 3 11 9 5 2 6 4 3 7
Tanker 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Tug/Barge 10 3 3 3 4 0 1 0 0 0
Fishing 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
Other 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 3 1 0
Vessels lost 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1
Fatalities 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 0
Incidents 5 1 6 9 8 6 7 3 8 9
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 3. Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Canadian-flag vessels involved 412 414 387 371 365 309 266 271 210 246
Commercial vessels 142 138 144 144 154 116 98 105 92 108
Collision 8 16 13 10 9 7 6 8 2 12
Capsizing 4 3 8 9 4 3 6 1 3 1
Foundering/Sinking 3 6 8 9 11 13 5 4 1 3
Fire/Explosion 16 24 17 14 20 11 14 17 8 13
Grounding 30 20 35 26 25 34 31 15 23 32
Striking 46 45 36 39 43 27 24 36 34 26
Ice damage 1 3 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 2
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 10 3 5 7 9 6 0 5 5 5
Flooding 8 7 11 6 22 5 0 0 4 2
Other 16 11 11 22 11 10 11 19 11 12
Commercial movements (a) 36,208 39,264 41,076 34,436 29,717 24,783 25,231 27,893 28,000 28,500
Commercial accident rate (b) 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.9 4.7 4.6 3.7 3.9 2.7 3.3
Fishing vessels 223 232 199 184 172 135 134 117 95 100
Collision 7 17 11 11 13 6 4 12 4 4
Capsizing 9 5 7 3 5 3 1 1 3 6
Foundering/Sinking 11 17 15 10 20 7 13 9 11 9
Fire/Explosion 28 31 22 22 35 26 28 24 19 11
Grounding 67 56 49 49 36 56 51 43 32 31
Striking 8 13 5 6 7 4 3 3 5 7
Ice damage 14 5 2 23 15 0 0 0 0 3
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 20 30 48 17 4 1 1 3 1 3
Flooding 50 46 31 39 24 20 19 19 17 25
Other 9 12 9 4 13 12 14 3 3 1
Active fishing vessels (c) 16,540 16,557 16,472 16,514 15,800 15,050 14,167 14,217 13,871 13,754
Fishing vessel accident rate (d) 13.5 14.0 12.1 11.1 10.9 9.0 9.5 8.2 6.8 7.3
Other vessels 47 44 44 43 39 58 34 49 23 38
Collision 6 4 7 3 8 10 6 3 2 4
Capsizing 4 2 3 0 3 2 1 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 2 0 1 2 2 2 1 0 0 1
Fire/Explosion 4 9 8 8 4 10 6 6 3 3
Grounding 3 4 9 12 6 13 4 6 5 6
Striking 7 10 9 9 6 7 5 14 3 12
Ice damage 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 3 1 2
Flooding 3 2 2 3 0 4 1 4 2 3
Other 16 10 4 3 8 9 9 13 7 7
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
a. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012, 2013 data are estimated.
b. The commercial accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
c. Commercial fishing vessels landing a catch (Sources: 2004-2012, DFO; 2013, TSB estimate).
d. The fishing vessel accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial fishing vessels of 15 gross tons or more involved in shipping accidents per 1000 active fishing vessels.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 4. Foreign-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident (including commercial accident rates) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Foreign-flag vessels involved 59 78 74 65 45 67 55 54 54 39
Commercial vessels 52 69 63 58 39 59 50 47 50 35
Collision 3 3 6 0 2 6 2 3 1 2
Capsizing 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Fire/Explosion 3 5 8 6 4 5 5 6 4 5
Grounding 7 4 18 8 7 8 15 7 10 3
Striking 26 32 20 17 13 17 14 14 21 15
Ice damage 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 4 7 2 14 0 8 6 7 4 5
Flooding 1 2 1 1 0 4 3 1 1 0
Other 4 14 8 11 12 11 5 9 9 4
Commercial movements (a) 31,580 32,234 29,256 30,644 28,015 23,808 26,337 26,045 26,550 26,700
Commercial accident rate (b) 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.4 1.6 1.4 1.5 0.9
Fishing vessels 4 7 10 6 1 5 2 4 4 2
Collision 0 1 4 2 0 1 0 0 1 0
Capsizing 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Grounding 1 3 4 4 0 3 2 3 0 0
Striking 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 1 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other vessels 3 2 1 1 5 3 3 3 0 2
Collision 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 0 1
Capsizing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Grounding 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
a. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012 and 2013 data are estimated.
b. The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 5. Vessels lost by vessel category and age 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
All vessels 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22 24 15
0-4 years 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
5-9 years 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1 0
10-14 years 0 2 2 3 2 5 1 1 3 3
15-19 years 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3 5 2
20-24 years 3 3 3 3 6 4 6 4 3 3
25-29 years 1 4 1 4 4 2 2 4 3 1
30+ years 4 3 13 10 9 7 4 7 5 3
Unknown 7 4 7 6 7 7 6 2 3 3
Commercial vessels 1 2 8 7 7 8 1 1 1 1
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
30+ years 1 1 6 5 3 3 0 1 1 1
Unknown 0 1 2 2 1 4 1 0 0 0
Fishing vessels 19 24 26 22 27 16 23 21 23 14
0-4 years 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
5-9 years 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1 0
10-14 years 0 2 2 3 2 4 1 1 3 3
15-19 years 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3 5 2
20-24 years 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 4 3 3
25-29 years 1 4 1 4 2 2 1 4 3 1
30+ years 3 2 7 4 6 4 4 6 4 2
Unknown 5 3 4 3 6 0 3 2 3 3
Other vessels 2 0 1 2 1 3 3 0 0 0
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
30+ years 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Unknown 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 0 0 0
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 6. Accidents, fatalities and injuries by accidents type 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8 17 7
Collision 1 4 0 0 1 3 2 0 0 0
Capsizing 8 6 6 4 8 2 1 0 4 2
Sinking/Foundering 6 1 1 3 5 4 2 0 2 0
Fire/Explosion 2 1 4 1 4 3 3 4 5 1
Grounding 0 0 3 0 3 2 1 2 2 2
Striking 2 5 2 3 1 4 2 2 4 1
Other 2 0 0 1 0 2 2 0 0 1
Shipping accidents fatalities (a) 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 5 11
Collision 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Capsizing 11 10 6 2 13 2 4 0 3 6
Sinking/Foundering 9 3 1 0 6 4 1 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Grounding 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 1 0 3
Striking 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 1
Shipping accidents injuries 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10 22 3
Collision 2 7 0 0 1 4 3 0 0 0
Capsizing 7 4 1 2 3 1 0 0 4 0
Sinking/Foundering 4 0 0 3 1 4 1 0 4 0
Fire/Explosion 6 1 6 9 5 3 5 3 7 0
Grounding 0 0 3 0 6 1 1 2 4 1
Striking 15 13 16 14 1 6 5 5 3 2
Other 3 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0
Accidents aboard ship 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 51 55
Accidents aboard ship fatalities (a) 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 9 8
Carried overboard 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 0
Caught by cargo/machinery 1 1 0 2 4 1 0 0 0 4
Fell overboard 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 5 1 2
Fell into tank/hold 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Fell on deck or off quay 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2
Heavy weather 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 3 1 3 5 3 3 3 6 6 0
Accidents aboard ship injuries 44 40 53 52 50 47 66 31 44 49
Carried overboard 2 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 0
Caught by cargo/machinery 16 17 23 13 16 17 10 11 11 17
Fell overboard 1 1 0 1 0 2 3 2 0 8
Fell into tank/hold 0 0 0 5 2 1 1 2 3 0
Fell on deck or off quay 5 8 5 6 8 4 10 7 4 3
Heavy weather 1 0 0 0 2 3 1 0 1 2
Other 19 11 25 25 22 19 41 9 24 19
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
a. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Source: Transportation Safety Board
Table 7. Vessels, fatalities and injuries by vessel type 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Vessels involved in shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8 17 7
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 1 0
Tanker 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 1 0 5 3 1 0 0 3 0
Fishing 10 9 9 3 8 9 9 5 7 6
Passenger 1 1 1 0 2 4 1 0 1 1
Ferry 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 0 4 0
Other 6 3 2 0 6 5 2 2 1 0
Shipping accident fatalities (a) 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 5 11
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 2 0
Tanker 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Fishing 13 11 8 1 10 7 7 2 2 11
Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0
Ferry 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 6 2 1 0 4 0 0 1 0 0
Shipping accident injuries 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10 22 3
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 2 0
Tanker 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 3 0 6 4 1 0 0 2 0
Fishing 8 8 5 2 2 7 9 4 9 1
Passenger 10 4 8 0 4 5 0 0 2 2
Ferry 7 9 8 20 1 1 2 0 6 0
Other 12 1 3 0 4 7 4 5 1 0
Vessels involved in accidents aboard ship 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 51 55
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 15 6 13 17 17 15 18 12 21 14
Tanker 1 2 5 2 2 1 1 2 2 1
Tug/Barge 3 5 4 7 8 5 5 3 0 2
Fishing 26 16 21 22 15 19 15 16 21 24
Passenger 0 5 2 4 6 3 4 4 1 4
Ferry 3 3 1 0 2 2 2 1 3 2
Other 2 9 4 10 9 8 11 1 3 8
Accident aboard ship fatalities (a) 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 9 8
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 1 1 2 2 5 0 1 1 2 2
Tanker 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
Fishing 3 4 2 6 4 4 4 10 6 5
Passenger 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Ferry 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0
Other 1 1 0 3 1 2 1 0 0 0
Accident aboard ship injuries 44 40 53 52 50 47 66 31 44 49
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 14 5 18 16 14 15 32 11 21 11
Tanker 1 2 4 2 2 1 1 2 2 1
Tug/Barge 3 5 3 6 7 4 5 2 0 1
Fishing 23 12 19 16 11 15 11 9 15 21
Passenger 0 4 3 4 6 3 4 5 1 5
Ferry 2 3 1 0 2 1 3 1 2 2
Other 1 9 5 8 8 8 10 1 3 8
Data extracted February 14, 2014.
a. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Source: Transportation Safety Board

Appendix B — Definitions

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Marine Occurrence

  1. any accident or incident associated with the operation of a shipFootnote 7 and
  2. any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph a) above.

The Act applies

  1. in Canada; and
  2. in any other place, including waters described in paragraph c), if
    1. Canada is requested to investigate the marine occurrence by an appropriate authority,
    2. the marine occurrence involves a ship registered or licensed in Canada, or
    3. a competent witness to, or person having information concerning a matter that may have contributed to, the marine occurrence arrives or is found at any place in Canada.
  3. This Act also applies in respect of marine occurrences related to an activity concerning the exploration or exploitation of the continental shelf.

Reportable Marine Accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft,Footnote 8 where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the ship or falling overboard from the ship, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the ship or its contents, or
  2. the ship
    1. sinks, founders or capsizes,
    2. is involved in a collision (which includes collisions, strikings and contacts),
    3. sustains a fire or an explosion,
    4. goes aground,
    5. sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose, or
    6. is missing or abandoned.

For statistical purposes, accidents defined in paragraph a) are classified as “Accidents Aboard Ship” and accidents defined in paragraph b) are classified as “Shipping Accidents.”

Reportable Marine Incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of a ship, other than a pleasure craft, where

  1. a person falls overboard from the ship;
  2. the ship, of 100 gross tons or more, unintentionally makes contact with the bottom without going aground;
  3. the ship fouls a utility cable or pipe, or underwater pipeline;
  4. the ship is involved in a risk of collision;
  5. the ship sustains a total failure of any machinery;
  6. the ship sustains a shifting of cargo or a loss of cargo overboard;
  7. the ship is intentionally grounded or beached to avoid an accident;
  8. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform the crew member’s duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  9. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the ship.

Vessels Covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel Categories

  • Commercial Vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, tankers, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.
  • Fishing Vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.
  • Other Vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Type of Vessel

Cargo: Ships designed for the carriage of various types and forms of cargo and the combined carriage of general cargo and passengers with 12 or less fare-paying passengers.

Bulk Carrier: Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore or other dry cargo.

OBO (Oil/Bulk/Ore Carrier): Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore with additional facilities for alternative, but not simultaneous, carriage of oil or loose dry cargo.

Tanker: Propelled ships designed and constructed for the bulk carriage of liquids.

Tug: Vessels designed for the towing and pushing of ships or other floating structures. Additional activity may include salvage, fire-fighting and work duties of a general nature.

Barge: Vessels designed as non-propelled units for the carriage of cargo in holds or in tanks or weather deck cargo space only for the carriage of non-perishable cargo, or specially outfitted for specific operations.

Ferry: Ships that follow a regular scheduled service of relatively short duration, designed for the carriage of passengers and vehicles. There is usually no cabin accommodation for passengers or not all passengers are accommodated in cabins where cabins are provided.

Passenger: Vessels designed for the carriage of passengers.

Fishing: Vessels designed for fishing operations and support.

Service: Vessels designed for supporting marine transportation such as icebreakers, buoy tenders, search and rescue vessels, pilot boats and fireboats.

Non-Commercial: Vessels designed to conduct non-commercial activities such as pleasure craft, seaplanes and naval vessels.

Other: Vessels designed for other functions such as laying and repair of sea-bed cables, dredging, training, patrolling as well as ships and platforms designed for the extraction, processing, and storage of oil/gas from offshore wells; ships designed for the carriage of stores and cargo to offshore installations; ships outfitted for support activities related to offshore oil and gas exploration; and vessels designed for research work such as seismic research, oceanic and hydrographic survey.

Type of Accident

Collision: An impact between two or more vessels under way.

Capsizing: To turn over.

Foundering: To fill from above the waterline and sink.

Sinking: To become submerged from water intake below the waterline and settle to the bottom.

Fire: Where a fire is the first event reported.

Explosion: Where an explosion is the first event reported.

Grounding: To touch bottom and remain stranded.

Striking: A hard impact with a stationary object or a vessel not under way.

Ice Damage: Damage sustained as a consequence of contact with ice.

Propeller Damage: Damage to a vessel propeller, propeller portion or propeller adjoining parts affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Rudder Damage: Damage to a vessel rudder or rudder adjoining parts affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Structural Damage: Hull damage, such as cracks and fractures, sustained by a vessel affecting its seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Flooding: To fill a compartment below the waterline with water admitted from the sea.

Other: Vessels lost or damaged for other reasons, including contact defined as a lateral/light impact with another vessel or an object (that is, bottom contact affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose).

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel’s travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Under way: Vessel not at anchor or made fast to shore or aground.

Appendix C — Regional Limits

(Click to view larger image)


Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine accident.

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Footnote 2

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

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Footnote 3

Oil/bulk/ore carrier (OBO), see Appendix B.

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Footnote 4

Commercial fishing vessels landing a catch (Sources: 2004-2012, DFO; 2013, TSB estimate).

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Footnote 5

The majority of vessels classified under "unknown tonnage" were vessels known to be 15 gross tons or less.

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Footnote 6

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine incident.

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Footnote 7

Ship includes:

  1. every description of vessel, boat or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for marine navigation without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and
  2. a dynamically supported craft.

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Footnote 8

Pleasure craft means a ship that is used for pleasure or recreation and does not carry goods or passengers for hire or reward.

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