Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2014

Foreword

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This document provides Canadians with an annual summary of selected marine safety data. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel. The Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) gathers and uses this data during the course of our investigations to analyze safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

In November 2013, the TSB deployed a new Marine Occurrence Database. The new database significantly improves the TSB’s ability to collect, categorize and present statistics. In accordance with these changes the 2014 statistical summary onward will be presented in a slightly different format.

During the conversion to the new database, the TSB took the opportunity to refine the existing taxonomy used to classify occurrences and remapped historical data to this new taxonomy. These changes were made to improve the alignment of historical marine occurrence data with the new TSB regulations. These updates will allow the TSB to collect data more effectively and enable data to be compared across the adjusted years, thus giving a better picture of safety issues going forward. On March 12, 2014, the TSB implemented new regulations that changed the reporting requirements effective July 1, 2014. These changes are reflected in this statistical summary.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics may change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded for some occurrences will not have been verified. The 2014 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of February 27, 2014.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2014, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Comments on this document can be forwarded to the following address:

Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Communications Branch
Place du Centre
200 Promenade du Portage
4th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 1K8

Telephone: 819-994-3741
Facsimile: 819-997-2239
E-mail: communications@bst-tsb.gc.ca

Table of contents

Foreword
  1. Foreword
  2. Accidents
  3. Incidents
  4. Appendices

Accidents

Overview of accidents and casualties

In 2014, 301 marine accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB, down from the 2013 total of 323 and down from the 2009–2013 average of 336. Over the past 10 years, 85% of marine accidents were shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship.

There were 249 shipping accidents in 2014, down 5% from the 2013 total of 262 and down 12% from the 2009–2013 average of 281.

Figure 1. Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2005–2014
Figure 1 data
Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2005–2014
Year Shipping accidents Accidents aboard ship
2005 404 47
2006 374 52
2007 380 76
2008 358 69
2009 334 57
2010 296 63
2011 277 41
2012 238 52
2013 262 61
2014 249 52

In 2014, there were 52 accidents aboard ship, down from 61 in 2013 and down from the 2009–2013 average of 55. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on cargo vessels (40%) and fishing vessels (35%).

Marine fatalities totalled 12 in 2014 (Figure 2), down from a total of 19 in 2013 and down from the average of 16 in 2009–2013. Fishing vessels accounted for 2 of the 4 shipping accident fatalities in 2014. In addition, accidents aboard fishing vessels led to 6 of the 8 accident aboard ship fatalities. In total, there were 8 fishing vessel fatalities in 2014, down from the annual average of 12 in 2009-2013.

Serious Injuries in 2014 totalled 46, down from 50 in 2013 and down from the annual average of 54 in 2009–2013. Forty-five of the 46 serious injuries resulted from accidents aboard ship.

Figure 2. Marine fatalities and serious injuries, 2005–2014
Figure 2 data
Marine fatalities and serious injuries, 2005–2014
Year Fatalities Seriously injured
2005 21 46
2006 18 56
2007 15 67
2008 30 61
2009 15 56
2010 18 78
2011 16 36
2012 14 48
2013 19 50
2014 12 46

Shipping accidents

Type of accident (Table 1):

As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2014 were collisions (35%), groundings (24%), sustains damage rendering unseaworthy/unfit for purpose accidents (16%), sank (15%), and fire/explosion accidents (12%). The total number of collisions increased by 13% from the five-year average (from 78 to 88), while groundings decreased by 27% (from 83 to 61). Sustains damage rendering unseaworthy/unfit for purpose accidents increased by 46% (from 28 to 41). This increase may be attributable to a longer ice season in 2014 causing more ice damage to vessels, and to some shorter ice seasons within the previous five-year period. Fire/explosion accidents decreased by 33% compared to the five year average (from 44 to 29).

Figure 3. Shipping accidents by accident type
Figure 3 data
Shipping accidents by accident type
Accident type 2005–2013 average 2014
Capsize 10 3
Collision 86 88
Fire/Explosion 50 29
Grounding 87 61
Sank 54 26
Unfit 35 41
Other 3 1

Type of vessel (Table 1):

In 2014, 93 fishing vessels (33% of the total) were involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), down from the 109 (36%) in 2013 and down from the 2009–2013 average of 119 (38%). After fishing vessels, cargo-solid vessels (68, or 24%), tugs (22, or 8%), and service vessels (21, or 7%) were involved most often in shipping accidents in 2014.

Figure 4. Shipping accidents by vessel type
Figure 4 data
Shipping accidents by vessel type
Type of vessel 2005–2013 average 2014
Barge 24 12
Cargo - liquid 10 14
Cargo - solid 71 68
Ferry 23 20
Fishing 145 93
Passenger 16 12
Service ship 31 21
Tug 27 22
Other 16 19

Geographical region (Tables 2):

In 2014, 38% of shipping accidents occurred in the Pacific region, 30% in the Central region, 29% in the Atlantic region, and the remaining 3% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters. In the Pacific region shipping accidents were unchanged from the 2009–2013 average of 95, in the Central region shipping accidents decreased by 21% (from 94 to 74), and in the Atlantic region shipping accidents decreased by 17% (from 87 to 72).

Fishing vessels accounted for 66% of all vessels involved in shipping accidents in the Atlantic region, down 18% from the 2009-2013 average (from 64 to 53); and 33% in the Pacific region, down 11% from the 2009-2013 average (from 41 to 36).

Figure 5. Shipping accidents by region
Figure 5 data
Shipping accidents by region
Region 2005–2013 average 2014
Pacific Region 106 95
Central Region 106 74
Atlantic Region 107 72
Foreign waters 6 8

Vessel flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4):

In 2014, 85% of the 281 vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 45% of the Canadian-flag vessels were commercial non-fishing vessels, 39%were fishing vessels and the remaining 16% were non commercial vessels, pleasure craft or service vessels.

According to information provided by Transport Canada, marine activity for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels of over 15 in gross tonnage (excluding passenger vessels and cruise ships) was estimated to be 29,100 commercial movements in 2014, which is a 7% increase from the 2009–2013 average of 27,176 commercial movements. This yields a rate of 3.7 commercial vessels involved in an accident per 1,000 commercial movements, down from the five-year average of 3.8 (Figure 6).

Figure 6. Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels, 2005–2014
Figure 6 data
Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels, 2005–2014
Year Accident rate per 1000 vessel mouvements
2005 3.4
2006 3.5
2007 4.3
2008 5.2
2009 4.7
2010 3.8
2011 3.9
2012 3.1
2013 3.6
2014 3.7

In 2014, there were an estimated 13,307 active fishing vessels in CanadaFootnote 2. The shipping accident rate for Canadian fishing vessels decreased from 7.9 fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents per 1,000 active fishing vessels in 2013 to 7.0 in 2014 and decreased from the five-year average of 8.1. There has been a statistically significant downward trend in the Canadian fishing vessel shipping accident rate over the last 10 years (p<.001) (Figure 7).

Figure 7. Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag fishing vessels, 2005–2014
Figure 7 data
Shipping accident rates for Canadian-flag fishing vessels, 2005–2014
Year Accident rate per 1000 active fishing vessels
2005 12.2
2006 9.3
2007 10.1
2008 10.5
2009 8.9
2010 9.0
2011 7.9
2012 6.8
2013 7.9
2014 7.0

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2014, groundings (34%) and sinkings (20%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in collisions (50%), or damage affecting seaworthiness or fitness for purpose (19%).

In 2014, 42 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 41 of which were commercial non-fishing vessels, 71% of which were involved in collisions. According to information provided by Transport Canada, marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels was 26,900 commercial movements in 2014. This represents a 5% increase from the 2009–2013 average of 25,674 commercial movements. This yields an accident rate of 1.5 commercial vessels involved in shipping accidents per 1,000 commercial movements, down from the five-year average of 1.8.

Vessels lost (Tables 1 and 5):

In 2014, 20 vessels were reported lost, down from 22 in 2013, and down from the 2009–2013 average of 24. Seventeen of the 20 vessels lost in 2014 were fishing vessels. Eight of the 20 vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and 50% were at least 20 years old. During the past 10 years, fishing vessels less than 60 grtFootnote 3 have accounted for more than half of the vessels lost in Canada.

Incidents

Overview of incidents

In 2014, 746 marine incidentsFootnote 4 were reported to the TSB, up from a total of 709 in 2013 and an annual average of 313 in 2009–2013 . On March 12, 2014, the TSB issued new regulations that changed the reporting requirements effective July 1, 2014. The new regulations clarify the reporting requirements for a total failure of any machinery or technical system, leading to an increase in this category in 2014. The significant increase in 2013 was related to the clarification of the threshold used to classify engine / rudder/propeller incident category, which is now included in the total failure of any machinery or techinical system incident category.

In 2014, incidents in the Atlantic Region represented 60% of all marine incidents followed by 20% in the Pacific Region, and 18% in the Central Region. The remaining 2% of reported incidents took place in foreign waters.

The majority of reportable incidents consisted of total failure of any machinery or technical systems (91%). The Atlantic Region had the majority of total failure of any machinery or technical systems incidents (65%) and the Pacific Region had the majority of risk of collisions (77%).

In 2014, vessels most often involved in total failure of any machinery or technical systems incidents were fishing vessels (78%) and cargo-solid vessels (7%).

Figure 8. Marine incidents by type, 2014
Figure 8 data
Marine incidents by type, 2014
Marine Incidents by Type Number Percentage
Bottom contact 24 3.2%
Cargo shift/loss 1 0.1%
Person overboard 7 0.9%
Near collision 35 4.7%
Total failure of any machinery or technical system 676 90.6%
Other 3 0.4%

Appendices

Appendix A: Data tables

Table 1. Marine occurrences (types, vessels and losses involved) 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Accidents 451 426 456 427 391 359 318 290 323 301
Shipping accidents by type 404 374 380 358 334 296 277 238 262 249
Capsize 10 18 11 15 8 8 2 6 8 3
Collision 110 94 84 95 81 65 87 77 79 88
Fire/Explosion 67 53 48 62 50 53 50 34 31 29
Grounding 87 114 95 73 110 102 73 69 62 61
Sank 78 69 69 74 54 41 33 33 38 26
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
47 25 65 35 29 24 28 16 43 41
Other shipping accident types 5 1 8 4 2 3 4 3 1 1
Accidents aboard ship 47 52 76 69 57 63 41 52 61 52
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by type of vessel 455 415 420 407 370 320 317 263 300 281
Barge 29 34 30 29 30 16 20 6 19 12
Cargo - liquid 15 14 8 6 11 12 10 6 7 14
Cargo - solid 89 85 77 74 68 65 58 63 61 68
Ferry 26 26 25 32 26 19 23 18 13 20
Fishing 208 163 172 167 138 130 117 99 109 93
Passenger 14 19 21 13 17 14 16 15 15 12
Service ship 30 27 37 28 40 31 28 22 37 21
Tug 26 25 38 37 20 19 24 28 26 22
Other vessel types 18 22 12 21 20 14 21 6 13 19
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel flag 455 415 420 407 370 320 317 263 300 281
Canadian non-fishing vessels 181 186 194 199 175 139 157 116 151 146
Canadian fishing vessels 202 154 166 166 134 128 113 95 107 93
Foreign vessels 72 75 60 42 61 53 47 52 42 42
Vessels lost by gross tonnage 26 34 30 33 27 27 22 24 22 20
1600 gross tons and over 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0
150 to 1599 gross tons 0 2 1 3 0 0 0 1 1 1
60 to 149 gross tons 6 6 8 3 4 4 2 3 4 4
15 to 59 gross tons 7 6 8 14 8 10 9 9 7 4
Less than 15 gross tons 9 13 10 10 6 8 10 9 6 8
Unknown tonnage 4 4 3 3 6 5 1 2 4 3
Fatalities 21 18 15 30 15 18 16 14 19 12
Shipping accidents 13 12 3 21 7 11 3 5 11 4
Accidents aboard ship 8 6 12 9 8 7 13 9 8 8
Serious injuries 46 56 67 61 56 78 36 48 50 46
Shipping accidents 4 7 4 4 6 5 2 6 0 1
Accidents aboard ship 42 49 63 57 50 73 34 42 50 45
Occurrences with a dangerous good release* 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Reportable incidents by type 265 260 246 240 216 202 193 247 709 746
Bottom contact 28 21 24 23 14 13 14 21 19 24
Cargo shift/Cargo loss 4 4 2 6 6 3 2 5 2 1
Person overboard 4 10 15 9 7 9 4 5 10 7
Risk of collision (near collision) 68 39 30 25 28 33 38 37 63 35
Total failure of any machinery or technical system** 149 178 146 161 150 136 118 156 603 676
Other incident types 12 8 29 16 11 8 17 23 12 3

Data extracted May 7, 2015

In November 2013, the Transportation Safety Board developed and deployed a new Marine Database. The new database significantly improves the TSB's ability to collect, categorize and present statistics. In accordance with these changes the 2014 statistical summary onward will be presented in a slightly different format. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014, changing some reporting requirements.

* Under new reporting requirements the release of dangerous goods has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. Detailed data was not collected prior to July 1, 2014.

** New regulations clarify the reporting requirements for a total failure of any machinery or techinical system.

Table 2. Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region
(Western, Central, Laurentian and Maritimes regions) 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Pacific region                    
Shipping accidents 122 126 110 119 113 92 92 81 97 95
Accidents aboard ship 14 15 21 14 22 15 11 18 22 23
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 145 146 124 142 127 101 108 91 121 108
Barge/Tug 32 36 37 48 27 19 26 16 34 23
Cargo / Tanker 6 11 5 12 13 5 5 12 9 15
Ferry/Passenger 25 28 15 18 15 10 14 10 10 10
Fishing 70 52 43 54 49 47 39 34 34 36
Other vessel types 12 19 24 10 23 20 24 19 34 24
Vessels lost 8 15 11 11 8 6 3 6 4 9
Fatalities 7 6 8 10 6 6 6 4 2 5
Reportable incidents 91 84 62 133 108 110 101 113 145 149
Central region                    
Shipping accidents 148 111 128 101 118 104 88 80 79 74
Accidents aboard ship 17 20 36 34 19 33 16 20 25 17
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 165 120 148 112 132 112 102 86 87 85
Barge/Tug 16 15 29 13 19 11 12 12 9 8
Cargo / Tanker 90 70 66 60 58 62 49 48 42 55
Ferry/Passenger 11 10 25 11 11 16 13 14 14 14
Fishing 24 12 14 10 20 11 14 7 12 3
Other vessel types 24 13 14 18 24 12 14 5 10 5
Vessels lost 2 2 2 1 5 2 2 1 4 2
Fatalities 3 3 2 4 3 3 1 3 6 2
Reportable incidents 108 100 117 77 74 66 70 106 145 137
Atlantic region                    
Shipping accidents 129 130 134 133 100 95 94 70 74 72
Accidents aboard ship 15 16 15 17 16 13 14 14 12 12
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 139 139 140 147 108 101 104 78 79 80
Barge/Tug 4 5 1 2 4 4 6 6 2 3
Cargo / Tanker 6 13 7 5 6 6 11 3 6 6
Ferry/Passenger 4 7 6 16 17 7 12 9 4 8
Fishing 113 97 115 103 69 72 64 56 61 53
Other vessel types 12 17 11 21 12 12 11 4 6 10
Vessels lost 15 17 17 21 13 18 17 16 13 9
Fatalities 11 9 5 14 6 8 9 6 11 5
Reportable incidents 66 73 63 26 30 23 22 26 417 449
Foreign waters                    
Shipping accidents 5 7 8 5 3 5 3 7 12 8
Accidents aboard ship 1 1 4 4 0 2 0 0 2 0
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 6 10 8 6 3 6 3 8 13 8
Barge/Tug 3 3 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 0
Cargo / Tanker 2 5 7 3 2 4 3 6 11 6
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fishing 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1
Other vessel types 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
Vessels lost 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
Fatalities 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0
Reportable incidents 0 3 4 4 4 3 0 2 2 11

Data extracted May 7, 2015

In November 2013, the Transportation Safety Board developed and deployed a new Marine Database. The new database significantly improves the TSB's ability to collect, categorize and present statistics. In accordance with these changes the 2014 statistical summary onward will be presented in a slightly different format.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014, changing some reporting requirements.

Table 3. Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident
(including commercial accident rates) 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Canadian-flag vessels involved 383 340 360 365 309 267 270 211 258 239
Commercial vessels 134 137 147 156 118 98 110 89 103 107
Capsize 2 8 7 6 3 5 1 2 0 0
Collision 64 55 59 61 41 35 56 43 46 53
Fire/Explosion 25 17 15 21 12 13 18 9 12 12
Grounding 20 37 28 25 34 30 17 22 28 16
Sank 13 16 15 29 18 5 3 4 4 6
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
9 4 22 14 10 10 15 9 13 20
Other shipping accident types 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial movements (a) 39,264 39,373 34,436 29,717 24,871 25,539 28,269 28,400 28,800 29,100
Commercial accident rate (b) 3.4 3.5 4.3 5.2 4.7 3.8 3.9 3.1 3.6 3.7
Fishing vessels 202 154 166 166 134 128 113 95 107 93
Capsize 5 7 3 5 3 1 1 3 6 1
Collision 31 17 18 29 14 10 16 12 12 16
Fire/Explosion 31 22 22 34 27 28 24 19 12 10
Grounding 55 49 48 37 56 51 43 33 30 32
Sank 61 45 48 40 26 31 24 26 30 19
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
16 13 20 17 7 4 1 0 16 14
Other shipping accident types 3 1 7 4 1 3 4 2 1 1
Active fishing vessels (c) 16,557 16,472 16,514 15,800 15,050 14,167 14,217 13,871 13,555 13,307
Fishing vessel accident rate (d) 12.2 9.3 10.1 10.5 8.9 9.0 7.9 6.8 7.9 7.0
Other vessels 47 49 47 43 57 41 47 27 48 39
Capsize 3 3 1 3 2 2 0 1 2 2
Collision 19 23 17 20 25 20 25 10 26 18
Fire/Explosion 8 8 7 5 7 6 6 4 3 7
Grounding 7 9 11 7 15 9 7 6 10 8
Sank 3 6 7 6 6 2 5 3 4 2
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
6 0 4 2 1 2 4 3 3 2
Other shipping accident types 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted May 7, 2015

  1. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012 to 2014 data are estimated.
  2. The commercial accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
  3. Commercial fishing vessels landing a catch (Source: DFO).
  4. The fishing vessel accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial fishing vessels of 15 gross tons or more involved in shipping accidents per 1000 active fishing vessels.
Table 4. Foreign-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident
(including commercial accident rates) 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Foreign-flag vessels involved 72 75 60 42 61 53 47 52 42 42
Commercial vessels 65 66 52 35 54 47 41 47 38 41
Capsize 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision 38 30 19 22 26 18 23 28 19 29
Fire/Explosion 5 6 5 3 3 5 3 3 5 0
Grounding 4 21 8 7 8 13 6 10 2 7
Sank 2 1 1 0 3 3 1 1 1 0
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
16 8 19 2 14 8 8 5 11 5
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial movements (a) 32,234 30,959 30,644 28,015 23,720 26,029 25,669 26,300 26,650 26,900
Commercial accident rate (b) 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.2 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.5
Fishing vessels 6 9 6 1 4 2 4 4 2 0
Capsize 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision 1 3 2 0 0 0 1 2 2 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Grounding 3 4 4 0 3 2 3 1 0 0
Sank 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Other vessels 1 0 2 6 3 4 2 1 2 1
Capsize 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision 0 0 1 5 2 3 2 1 2 1
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Grounding 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sank 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted May 7, 2015

  1. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012 to 2014 data are estimated.
  2. The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
Table 5. Vessels lost by vessel category and age 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All vessels 26 34 30 33 27 27 22 24 22 20
0-4 years 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
5-9 years 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1 1 0
10-14 years 2 2 3 1 5 1 1 3 3 0
15-19 years 7 3 2 2 0 2 3 5 2 2
20-24 years 3 3 3 6 4 6 4 3 3 1
25-29 years 4 1 4 3 2 2 4 3 2 5
30+ years 3 13 10 9 7 4 7 5 5 4
Unknown 4 6 6 7 7 6 2 3 6 8
Commercial vessels 2 8 6 5 8 1 1 1 1 2
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1
30+ years 1 6 5 3 3 0 1 1 1 1
Unknown 1 2 1 0 4 1 0 0 0 0
Fishing vessels 24 24 21 25 16 23 21 23 19 17
0-4 years 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
5-9 years 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1 1 0
10-14 years 2 2 3 1 4 1 1 3 3 0
15-19 years 7 3 2 2 0 2 3 5 2 2
20-24 years 3 3 3 4 4 6 4 3 3 1
25-29 years 4 1 4 1 2 1 4 3 2 4
30+ years 2 6 4 6 4 4 6 4 2 3
Unknown 3 3 3 6 0 3 2 3 6 7
Other vessels 0 2 3 3 3 3 0 0 2 1
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
30+ years 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Unknown 0 1 2 1 3 2 0 0 0 1

Data extracted May 7, 2015

Table 6. Accidents, fatalities and serious injuries by accidents type 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Shipping accidents with fatalities or serious injuries 9 14 4 14 10 7 4 7 5 4
Capsize 6 6 2 8 1 1 0 3 2 0
Collision 1 1 1 0 4 3 1 1 0 1
Fire/Explosion 1 4 0 1 0 0 2 3 1 0
Grounding 0 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
Sank 1 1 1 4 4 1 0 0 1 3
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Shipping accidents fatalities (a) 13 12 3 21 7 11 3 5 11 4
Capsize 10 6 2 15 2 4 0 3 6 0
Collision 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0
Grounding 0 3 0 0 1 0 1 0 3 0
Sank 3 1 0 6 4 1 0 0 1 4
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0
Shipping accidents serious injuries 4 7 4 4 6 5 2 6 0 1
Capsize 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
Collision 2 1 2 0 5 5 1 0 0 1
Fire/Explosion 1 5 0 2 0 0 1 3 0 0
Grounding 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sank 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sustains damage render unseaworthy/
Unfit for purpose
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other shipping accident types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Accidents aboard ship 47 52 76 69 57 63 41 52 61 52
Accidents aboard ship fatalities (a) 8 6 12 9 8 7 13 9 8 8
Boarding, being on board, falling overboard from the ship 4 5 7 3 6 4 13 3 3 5
In contact with any part of the ship or its contents 4 1 5 6 2 3 0 6 5 3
Accidents aboard ship serious injuries 42 49 63 57 50 73 34 42 50 45
Boarding, being on board, falling overboard from the ship 5 2 6 5 3 2 3 2 7 10
In contact with any part of the ship or its contents 37 47 57 52 47 71 31 40 43 35

Data extracted May 7, 2015

  1. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Table 7. Vessels, fatalities and serious injuries by vessel type 2005-2014
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Vessels involved in shipping accidents with fatalities or serious injuries 9 14 4 14 10 7 4 7 5 4
Barge/Tug 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Cargo 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1
Ferry/Passenger 0 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Fishing 6 9 1 6 6 4 3 4 5 3
Other 3 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 0 0
Shipping accident fatalities (a) 13 12 3 21 7 11 3 5 11 4
Barge/Tug 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Cargo 0 1 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 2
Ferry/Passenger 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
Fishing 11 8 1 10 7 7 2 2 11 2
Other 2 1 1 4 0 0 1 2 0 0
Shipping accident serious injuries 4 7 3 4 6 5 2 6 0 1
Barge/Tug 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Cargo 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Fishing 2 4 0 0 1 1 1 3 0 1
Other 2 0 3 0 4 4 1 2 0 0
Vessels involved in accidents aboard ship 48 53 77 71 58 64 41 53 61 52
Barge/Tug 6 4 8 9 6 5 4 1 3 4
Cargo 9 19 25 22 16 22 13 23 17 21
Ferry/Passenger 7 3 8 8 7 8 6 3 7 5
Fishing 16 22 24 17 20 17 17 21 25 18
Other 10 5 12 15 9 12 1 5 9 4
Accident aboard ship fatalities (a) 8 6 12 9 8 7 13 9 8 8
Barge/Tug 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
Cargo 1 3 2 3 0 1 1 2 2 1
Ferry/Passenger 2 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0
Fishing 4 2 6 4 4 4 10 6 5 6
Other 1 0 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 1
Accident aboard ship serious injuries 40 48 60 56 49 70 30 42 49 42
Barge/Tug 5 3 7 6 4 5 3 0 2 4
Cargo 8 16 18 18 16 36 12 21 12 18
Ferry/Passenger 6 4 7 8 5 5 6 2 7 5
Fishing 11 20 18 12 16 13 8 15 19 12
Other 10 5 10 12 8 11 1 4 9 3

Data extracted May 7, 2015

  1. Fatalities includes missing persons.

Appendix B: Definitions (based on TSB act and regulations)

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the TSB regulations.

Marine occurrence

  • any accident or incident associated with the operation of a ship and
  • any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described above.

Marine accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft, where

Accident aboard ship

  • a person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of
    • boarding, being on board or falling overboard from the ship, or
    • coming into direct contact with any part of the ship or its contents;

Shipping accident

  • the ship
    • sinks, founders or capsizes,
    • is involved in a collision (includes strikings and contacts)
    • sustains a fire or an explosion,
    • goes aground,
    • sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose,
    • is missing or abandoned

Marine incident

  • a person falls overboard from the ship;
  • makes unforeseen contact with the bottom without going aground,
  • fouls a utility cable or pipe, or an underwater pipeline,
  • is involved in a risk of a collision,
  • sustains a total failure of
    • the navigation equipment if the failure poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment,
    • the main or auxiliary machinery, or
    • the propulsion, steering, or deck machinery if the failure poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment;
  • all or part of the ship's cargo shifts or falls overboard; or
  • is anchored, grounded or beached to avoid an occurrence,
  • a crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment;
  • there is an accidental release on board or from the ship consisting of a quantity of dangerous goods or an emission of radiation that is greater than the quantity or emission levels specified in Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

Serious injury

  1. a fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose;
  2. lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage;
  3. an injury to an internal organ;
  4. second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface;
  5. a verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation; or
  6. an injury that is likely to require hospitalization.

Vessels covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel categories

Commercial Vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.

Fishing Vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.

Other Vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel's travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Appendix C — Regional Limits

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Pacific Region’s area of responsibility consists of the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, the Yukon and the Northwest Territories south of the 70th parallel, as well as the waters adjacent to these provinces and territories.

Central Region’s area of responsibility consists of the provinces of Ontario and Quebec (including the Magdalen Islands), the territory of Nunavut, and the Northwest Territories north of the 70th parallel, as well as James Bay, Hudson Bay, the St. Lawrence Seaway, and the Great Lakes waterways up to the Canada-US border.

Atlantic Region’s area of responsibility consists of the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as the waters adjacent to these provinces.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine accident.

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Footnote 2

Commercial fishing vessels landing a catch (Source: DFO).

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Footnote 3

The majority of vessels classified under "unknown tonnage" were vessels known to be 15 gross tons or less.

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Footnote 4

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine incident.

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