Statistical Summary – Railway Occurrences 2012

Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian railway safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on rail occurrences. It covers federally regulated railways only. Non-federally regulated data reported to the TSB are not included in this report.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when utilizing these statistics. The 2012 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of February 1, 2013.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the TSB Statistical Summary, Railway Occurrences 2012, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint in whole, or in part, for further distribution of the data presented (with acknowledgement of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Definitions of reportable railway occurrences (click to read definitions)

The following definitions apply to railway occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Railway occurrence

  1. Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway, and
  2. Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph (a) above.

Reportable railway accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of rolling stock, where:

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of:
    1. being on board or getting off the rolling stock, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents, or
  2. the rolling stock:
    1. is involved in a grade-crossing collision,
    2. is involved in a collision or derailment and is carrying passengers,
    3. is involved in a collision or derailment and is carrying dangerous goods, or is known to have last contained dangerous goods the residue of which has not been purged from the rolling stock,
    4. sustains damage that affects its safe operation, or
    5. causes or sustains a fire or explosion, or causes damage to the railway, that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment.

Reportable railway incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of rolling stock, where:

  1. a risk of collision occurs;
  2. an unprotected main track switch is left in an abnormal position;
  3. a railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock;
  4. an unprotected overlap of operating authorities occurs;
  5. a movement of rolling stock exceeds the limits of its authority;
  6. there is runaway rolling stock;
  7. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  8. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the rolling stock.

Serious injury

An injury that is likely to require admission to a hospital.

Dangerous goods involvement

An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g. tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.


Railway occurrences in 2012

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Casualties (Tables 1 to 3 - Appendix A)

In 2012, 1,011 rail accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB (Figure 1), similar to the 2011 total of 1,022 and a 10% decrease from the 2007-2011 average of 1,128.

Figure 1 - Number of Rail Accidents, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 1 - Number of Rail Accidents, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

Freight trains accounted for 69% of all trains involved in rail accidents in 2012. A total of 48 were passenger trains (4%) with the remaining 27% comprising mainly single cars/cuts of cars, locomotives and track units.

The largest proportion of reported rail accidents are non-main-track related. In 2012, these accounted for more than half of the total (Figure 2). Typically, most non-main-track accidents are minor, occurring during switching operations at speeds of less than 10 mph.

Main-track derailments and collisions accounted for 7% of all accidents in 2012, compared to 10% in the previous year.

In 2012, 18% of rail accidents involved vehicles or pedestrians at rail crossings, nearly unchanged from 17% over the previous five years.

The proportion of other accident typesFootnote 2 (15%) in 2012 is similar to the last five-year average (16%).

Figure 2 - Percentage of Rail Accidents by Type, 2012 [D]

Figure 2 - Percentage of Rail Accidents by Type, 2012

(Click to view larger image)

In 2012, 118 accidents involved dangerous goodsFootnote 3, unchanged from 2011 and down from the five-year average of 147. Of these, 91% were non-main-track accidents. Two accidents resulted in a dangerous goods release in 2012, compared to 3 in 2011, and the five-year average of 3.

Rail fatalities totalled 82 in 2012, up 16% from the 71 recorded last year and up 8% from the five-year average. TrespasserFootnote 4 fatalities was the largest fatality category with 49 in 2012, down 4% from five-year average of 51 (Figure 3). Crossing fatalities totalled 29 in 2012, compare to 25 last year and 24 for the five-year average. In 2012, four employees were fatally injured compared to 1 for the five-year average.

Figure 3 - Number of Fatalities by Type of Occurrence, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 3 – Number of Fatalities by Type of Occurrence, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

A total of 72 serious injuries resulted from rail occurrences in 2012 (Figure 4), up from 52 in 2011 and up from the five-year average of 57. Note that the VIA rail derailment near Burlington, Ontario, on 26 February, 2012 (R12T0038) resulted in 10 serious injuries to passengers. Trespasser injuries totalled 21 in 2012, the same as last year and the five-year average. Crossing accidentsFootnote 5 resulted in 32 injuries, up from 22 in 2011 and up from the five-year average of 26. The remaining 19 injuries occurred in other types of occurrences. A total of 9 rail employees were seriously injured in 2012.

Figure 4 - Number of Serious Injuries by Type of Occurrence, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 4 – Number of Serious Injuries by Type of Occurrence, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

The number of main-track accidentsFootnote 6 totaled 131 in 2012 (Figure 5), down 31% from 190 recorded in 2011 and down 34% from the five-year average of 197. Rail activity on main-track increased by 2%Footnote 7 from the previous year. The main-track accident rate decreased 33%, from 2.4 main-track accidents per million main-track train-miles in 2011 to 1.6 in 2012. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a downward trend in accident rates (statistically at the p < .02 level)Footnote 8 over the past 10 years.

Figure 5 - Number of Main-Track Accidents and Accident Rates, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 5 – Number of Main-Track Accidents and Accident Rates, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

Accidents by Type

Main-track collisions and derailments are the most serious categories of rail accidents in terms of potential risk to the public and financial loss (e.g., when passenger trains are involved or dangerous goods are released from trains that derail while travelling at high speeds in populated areas).

There were six main-track collisions (Figure 6) in 2012, up three from the 2011 total and the same as the five-year average of six. No fatalities resulted from main-track collisions in 2012, but there was one serious injury. There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of main-track collisions.

Figure 6 - Number of Main-Track Collisions and Derailments, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 6 – Number of Main-Track Collisions and Derailments, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

A total of 63 main-track derailments (Table 4a & Table 4b) were reported in 2012, a 38% decrease from the 2011 total of 101 and a 41% decrease from the five-year average of 107 (Figure 6). The number of main-track derailments per million main-track train-miles decreased to 0.8 in 2012 from 1.3 the previous year and from the five-year average of 1.4. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a downward trend in accident rates (statistically at the p < .002 level) over the past 10 years.

Three fatalities and 10 serious injuries resulted from main-track derailments in 2012, all associated with the VIA rail derailments near Burlington on 26 February, 2012 (R12T0038).

In 2012, there were 6 main-track derailments involving dangerous goods, down from 20 for both 2011 and the five-year average. One of these resulted in a release of product, in this case Sodium Chlorate.

In 2012, 40% of assigned factorsFootnote 9 for main-track derailments were Track-related compared to the five-year average of 36%. Equipment-related factors accounted for 30% of all assigned factors compared to 32% for the five-year average. Actions-related factorsFootnote 10 were reported in 22% of main-track accidents in 2012 compare to the five-year average of 14%.

Non-main-track collisions (Table 5a & Table 5b) totalled 101 in 2012, up from 88 in 2011 (Figure 7) and up from the five-year average of 94. Derailments occurred in 38% of non-main-track collisions, and 63% of these non-main-track collisions involved the derailment of one or two cars.

There was one serious injury resulting from non-main-track collisions in 2012.

Dangerous goods were involved in 21% of non-main-track collisions, none of which resulted in a release of product.

Factors assigned to non-main-track collisions were mostly Action-related (88%) compared to 80% for the last five-year average. Failure to protect, such as improper positioning of movements and handling of switches, was assigned most often as a factor.

Figure 7 - Number of Non-Main-Track Collisions and Derailments, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 7 – Number of Non-Main-Track Collisions and Derailments, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

There were 499 non-main-track derailments (Table 6a & Table 6b) in 2012, up 3% from last year but  down 8% from the five-year average of 544 (Figure 7). In 21% of these accidents, three or more cars derailed.

One fatality resulted from non-main-track derailments in 2012.

Dangerous goods cars were involved in 17% of non-main-track derailments with none resulting in a release of dangerous goods.

In 2012, Actions-related factors represented 47% of all assigned factors, which is comparable to the five-year average of 44%. Track-related factors assigned to non-main-track derailments represented 36% of all assigned factors, the same as the 5 year average. Environmental-related factors represented 5% of all assigned factors in 2012 compared to 6% for the five-year average.

Crossing accidents (Table 7 and Table 8) represent one of the most serious types of rail accidents in 2012, with 25% of these resulting in either serious or fatal injuries.

There were 187 crossing accidents in 2012, up from 170 recorded in 2011 but down from the five-year average of 195. Accidents at public automated crossings (92) increased 6% from the 2011 total of 87 but decreased 7% from the five-year average of 99. Accidents at public passive crossings (73) increased 14% from the five year average of 64. Accidents at private crossings (18) decreased 35% from the five-year average of 28.

The proportion of crossing accidents that occurred at public automated crossings decreased slightly from 51% in 2011 to 49% in 2012 (Figure 8). Although there are nearly twice as many public passive crossings as public automated ones, the higher number of accidents occurring at automated crossings is due, in part, to higher vehicle and train traffic volumes at these crossings.

Figure 8 - Percentage of Crossing Accidents by Type of Crossing, 2012 [D]

Figure 8 – Percentage of Crossing Accidents by Type of Crossing, 2012

(Click to view larger image)

There were 25 fatal crossing accidents in 2012, similar to the 24 recorded in 2011 and up from the five-year average of 21. Although crossing accidents involving pedestrians accounted for 11% (21) of all crossing accidents in 2012, they accounted for 52% (13) of fatal crossing accidents.

Crossing-related fatalities totaled 29 in 2012 compared to 25 last year and to the five-year average of 24. Pedestrians comprised 45% of crossing-related fatalities.

In 2012, 3 crossing accidents resulted in derailments, down from the 2011 total of 4 and also down from the five-year average of 5.

For a second consecutive year, Alberta was the province where the most crossing accidents occurred comprising 25% of all crossing accidents, compared to 23% for the five-year average (Figure 9). Ontario had the second highest total, with 20% of crossings accidents compared to 26% for the 5 five-year average. These two provinces were followed by Saskatchewan with 17%, Manitoba with 13% and British Columbia with 12% of crossing accidents in Canada.

Figure 9 - Number of Crossing Accidents by Province [D]

Figure 9 – Number of Crossing Accidents by Province

(Click to view larger image)

Trespasser accidents (Table 9) involve persons, primarily pedestrians, not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way and who are struck by rolling stock other than at railway crossings. These accidents totaled 74 in 2012, up from the 2011 total of 67 but down from the five-year average of 79.

In 2012, Ontario accounted for 45% of trespasser accidents with a total of 33, British Columbia accounted for 15%, and both Quebec and Alberta accounted for 14% of all trespasser accidents.

In 2012, the proportion of trespasser accidents that were fatal (64%) was the same as the five-year average. The proportion of trespasser accidents resulting in serious injuries (28%) was slightly higher than the five-year average of 26%.

Figure 10 - Number of Trespasser Accidents by Province [D]

Figure 10 – Number of Trespasser Accidents by Province

(Click to view larger image)

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Table 10)

In 2012, there were 204 reported rail incidents, the same as 2011 and comparable to the five-year average of 202. Movement exceeds the limit of authority (120) continued to be the main incident type since 2006, followed by dangerous goods leakers (63) and runaway rolling stock (9).

Figure 11 - Number of Rail Incidents, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 11 – Number of Rail Incidents, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

In 2012, there were 120 incidents where the movement exceeded the limit of authorityFootnote 11, a 2% increase from the 118 recorded in 2011 and a 11% increase from the five-year average of 108 (Figure 12).

Figure 12 - Number of Rail Incidents by Type [D]

Figure 12 – Number of Rail Incidents by Type

(Click to view larger image)

A dangerous goods (DG) leaker incident is the unintentional release of a hazardous material while in transit and does not involve an accident. The vast majority of these incidents involve small quantities of products. The reported DG leaker incidents totaled 63 in 2012, this is a 24% increase from the 2011 total of 51 but a 2% decrease from the five-year average of 64. In 2003, DG leaker incidents represented 51% of all incidents. In 2012, DG leaker incidents accounted for 31% of reported rail incidents (Figure 12).

Appendices

Appendix A: Rail occurrence tables

Table 1, Railway occurrences and casualties, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents 1352 1413 1476 1371 1320 1179 1043 1074 1022 1011
Main-track collisions 6 5 6 2 9 7 5 4 3 6
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars 83 96 103 83 76 66 39 40 44 32
Main-track derailments - 3 or more cars 73 64 95 56 83 62 28 40 57 31
Crossing accidents 250 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 170 187
Non-main-track collisions 111 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars (a) 525 562 587 567 456 427 383 430 369 393
Non-main-track derailments - 3 or more cars (a) 170 151 171 136 175 143 114 110 115 106
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 23 26 19 17 30 27 50 34 33 24
Employee/Passenger accidents 7 12 8 16 18 12 12 9 11 7
Trespasser accidents 65 100 83 91 101 73 72 81 67 74
Fires/Explosions 23 15 17 25 25 12 20 30 23 17
Other accident types 16 23 20 25 27 38 37 23 42 33
Reportable incidents 294 257 245 220 223 216 207 160 204 204
Dangerous goods leaker 150 131 123 82 88 64 78 40 51 63
Main-track switch in abnormal position 11 12 10 7 7 13 4 5 10 5
Movement exceeds limits of authority 102 95 91 101 106 111 106 101 118 120
Runaway rolling stock 13 11 16 12 13 16 11 5 15 9
Other reportable incidents 18 8 5 18 9 12 8 9 10 7
Main-track accidents (b) 207 221 252 209 257 209 169 161 190 131
Million main-track train-miles (MMTTM) (c) 80.6 82.6 85.8 86.9 84.5 83.1 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.0 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.4 1.6
Accidents involving dangerous goods 226 208 212 185 190 153 133 141 118 118
Main-track derailments 38 37 32 18 35 23 11 13 20 6
Crossing accidents 3 11 15 5 6 4 3 7 1 4
Non-main-track collisions 37 44 44 41 41 33 32 26 20 21
Non-main-track derailments 139 106 112 109 100 84 81 88 71 86
Other accident types 9 10 9 12 8 9 6 7 6 1
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 9 7 7 4 3 3 3 3 3 2
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 79 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 82
Crossing accidents 28 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 29
Trespasser accidents 45 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49
Other occurrence types (d) 6 8 2 8 3 1 0 2 1 4
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 81 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72
Crossing accidents 52 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32
Trespasser accidents 19 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21
Other occurrence types (d) 10 9 6 14 10 8 13 15 9 19

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Data from 2003 to 2007 have been adjusted in light of clarifications to industry of TSB's reporting requirements.
  2. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents.
  3. Main-track train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
  4. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 2, Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 79 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 82
Main-track collisions 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 2 2 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 3
Crossing accidents 28 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 29
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 1 5 2 4 1 1 0 1 1 0
Trespasser accidents 45 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49
Other accident types 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Reportable incidents 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 81 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Main-track derailments 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 8 0 10
Crossing accidents 52 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 4 7 4 10 8 7 8 7 7 6
Trespasser accidents 19 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21
Other accident types 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0
Reportable incidents 3 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1
Fatalities by person type 79 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 82
Employees 6 6 2 6 2 1 0 1 1 4
Passengers 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0
Pedestrians 6 4 11 9 11 13 4 8 6 19
Vehicle occupants 23 23 28 16 17 14 17 15 22 17
Trespassers 44 68 62 60 54 43 49 55 42 42
Other person types 0 0 0 2 0 2 1 1 0 0
Serious injuries by person type 81 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72
Employees 11 9 6 14 11 11 13 10 8 9
Passengers 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 7 0 14
Pedestrians 6 2 3 5 6 3 0 4 5 5
Vehicle occupants 44 48 51 25 17 30 22 22 18 23
Trespassers 20 32 17 25 24 19 14 19 21 21
Other person types 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 3, Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Freight trains 916 991 1078 1015 1043 991 799 827 806 781
Main-track collisions 10 7 6 2 12 9 8 6 4 8
Main-track derailments 153 149 189 134 155 118 64 74 99 57
Non-main-track collisions 104 119 88 115 96 97 82 93 94 94
Non-main-track derailments 339 413 486 445 476 478 395 410 387 370
Crossing accidents 221 194 220 198 178 186 149 137 133 157
Trespasser accidents 47 73 58 70 69 50 51 54 43 52
Other accident types 42 36 31 51 57 53 50 53 46 43
Passenger trains 56 80 84 72 83 79 68 62 70 48
Main-track collisions 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 2 3 5 3 0 3 0 3 2 2
Non-main-track collisions 6 5 4 1 4 3 1 1 5 1
Non-main-track derailments 11 10 10 10 8 17 11 8 5 5
Crossing accidents 17 32 37 34 28 24 25 21 18 13
Trespasser accidents 18 26 24 18 32 21 20 26 24 19
Other accident types 1 3 4 6 11 9 11 3 16 8
Track units 41 55 40 41 50 49 82 63 59 40
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Crossing accidents 5 8 8 7 3 6 4 9 7 2
Trespasser accidents 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 35 46 32 33 46 43 78 53 52 38
Single car/Cut of cars 92 93 94 144 145 107 141 117 100 122
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 2
Main-track derailments 1 0 0 1 3 1 1 0 0 1
Non-main-track collisions 49 61 49 63 61 52 89 68 52 70
Non-main-track derailments 32 20 37 73 76 49 42 40 36 41
Crossing accidents 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 1
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 10 12 8 6 4 3 6 9 11 7
Other train/rolling stock types (a) 349 314 271 209 120 64 84 133 98 139
Main-track collisions 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
Main-track derailments 3 8 5 1 4 6 2 3 2 3
Non-main-track collisions 14 18 12 13 10 8 8 20 15 27
Non-main-track derailments 322 283 242 182 85 37 59 93 61 87
Crossing accidents 7 2 4 5 10 8 8 13 12 14
Trespasser accidents 0 0 1 2 0 2 1 2 0 3
Other accident types 3 3 6 6 10 3 6 1 8 4

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.

  1. Other train/rolling stock types include mainly locomotive. Note that from 2003 to 2007, the categories also include uncategorized data submitted in June 2007 as a result of clarification to industry of TSB reporting requirements.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 4a, Main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Main-track derailments by province 156 160 198 139 159 128 67 80 101 63
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 1 1
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 0
New Brunswick 2 3 3 0 6 1 1 0 0 0
Quebec 27 23 26 21 12 16 8 10 9 5
Ontario 59 52 60 41 39 35 21 19 24 7
Manitoba 6 10 10 9 12 13 4 6 11 8
Saskatchewan 14 15 24 12 18 14 9 14 11 4
Alberta 19 23 29 20 30 30 13 14 21 17
British Columbia 29 32 44 34 39 18 10 14 24 21
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles (a) 1.94 1.94 2.31 1.60 1.88 1.54 0.93 1.03 1.29 0.79
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles (b) 0.38 0.36 0.43 0.30 0.34 0.28 0.17 0.18 0.21  
Derailments by number of derailed cars 156 160 198 139 159 128 67 80 101 63
1 car 75 81 87 66 62 54 29 29 35 27
2 cars 8 15 16 17 14 12 10 11 9 5
3 cars 8 6 9 3 10 6 3 2 6 3
4 cars 5 7 9 0 8 5 3 3 6 2
5 to 10 cars 35 22 40 23 27 24 12 18 25 15
11 cars or more 25 29 37 30 38 27 10 17 20 11

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. The source of the million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
  2. The source of the billion gross ton-miles is the Railway Association of Canada.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 4b, Main-track derailments (assigned factors), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total number of assigned factors 172 188 227 170 178 151 74 84 108 63
Environmental 5 7 10 8 17 12 6 1 6 2
Equipment 61 70 83 54 60 42 23 26 40 19
Axle 20 14 21 5 14 11 5 7 9 6
Brakes 6 9 13 8 8 3 6 2 5 3
Draft system 5 13 9 5 9 4 4 4 4 4
Superstrucure 6 3 7 6 8 5 0 2 3 2
Truck 13 11 8 8 5 5 1 5 6 2
Wheel 11 18 23 21 16 12 7 6 13 2
Track 67 71 87 64 56 61 29 31 37 25
Geometry 31 23 34 23 22 22 8 14 16 12
Object on track 1 0 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 0
Other track material 1 8 2 4 2 6 5 2 3 2
Rail 21 25 35 25 18 27 7 7 10 7
Roadbed 4 7 2 6 3 4 4 2 4 4
Switch 1 2 2 2 0 1 2 2 1 0
Turnouts 7 3 4 0 6 0 0 1 0 0
Actions 26 23 28 21 20 19 8 20 17 14
Failure to protect 5 4 4 3 4 8 3 2 4 4
Failure to secure 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Failure to use equipment properly 11 6 11 6 6 6 4 9 6 2
Improper loading/lifting 0 1 0 2 3 1 0 2 0 2
Improper placement/position for task 2 6 5 1 2 0 0 2 2 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 2 3 4 4 1 3 0 1 1 0
Operating at improper speed 4 1 2 5 1 1 0 3 3 1
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Other actions 1 1 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
Other assigned factors 13 17 19 23 25 17 8 6 8 3
Derailments by number of assigned factors 156 160 198 139 159 128 67 80 101 63
One factor assigned 136 140 173 122 148 117 65 77 96 63
More than one factor assigned 13 18 22 15 9 11 2 2 4 0
No factor assigned 7 2 3 2 2 0 0 1 1 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 5a, Non-main-track collisions (province, number of derailed cars), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Non-main-track collisions by province 111 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 2 1 1 5 1 3 1 1 1 1
Quebec 15 20 17 19 11 5 6 11 12 8
Ontario 47 28 28 25 29 26 24 15 16 10
Manitoba 7 14 11 7 13 9 15 14 15 21
Saskatchewan 10 4 5 8 10 10 5 3 8 12
Alberta 20 33 20 24 23 27 25 29 16 34
British Columbia 7 23 16 21 14 10 19 20 20 15
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions by number of derailed cars 111 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101
No cars derailed 68 69 63 56 41 33 49 51 50 63
1 car 20 26 14 28 23 23 26 23 20 14
2 cars 13 14 12 10 15 11 8 7 8 10
3 cars 1 9 5 7 8 9 5 4 3 6
4 cars 4 2 1 4 8 8 3 4 5 5
5 to 10 cars 4 3 3 5 5 5 3 3 2 3
11 cars or more 1 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 0 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 5b, Non-main-track collisions (assigned factors), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total number of assigned factors 122 148 118 128 117 98 95 95 89 101
Environmental 1 3 4 1 3 1 3 1 2 3
Equipment 6 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 3 4
Track 6 4 10 2 2 4 4 3 1 2
Actions 87 114 83 109 89 72 75 82 76 89
Failure to protect 62 70 52 64 59 49 50 57 55 59
Failure to secure 13 30 16 26 17 6 11 8 9 14
Failure to use equipment properly 4 8 4 6 5 10 9 7 7 8
Improper placement/position for task 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 3 1 2 2 3 0 1 3 2 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 2 3 6 8 5 7 4 4 3 5
Vandalism 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Other assigned factors 22 26 20 15 19 20 12 8 7 3
Collisions by number of assigned factors 111 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101
One factor assigned 97 99 78 93 91 86 95 91 87 101
More than one factor assigned 12 23 19 16 11 4 0 2 1 0
No factor assigned 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 6a, Non-main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Non-main-track derailments by province 695 713 758 703 631 570 497 540 484 499
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 1
Nova Scotia 39 23 13 14 6 3 4 4 3 4
New Brunswick 26 19 16 24 11 16 8 9 13 6
Quebec 140 150 133 117 67 70 50 59 59 63
Ontario 227 227 233 201 164 135 108 112 106 91
Manitoba 63 58 57 52 48 65 73 65 53 59
Saskatchewan 45 57 70 48 68 50 43 62 75 68
Alberta 75 94 125 143 146 109 127 147 103 141
British Columbia 80 85 109 103 120 122 80 82 71 66
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 1 0
Derailments by number of derailed cars 695 713 758 703 631 570 497 540 484 499
1 car 372 406 419 397 327 291 278 293 261 275
2 cars 153 156 168 170 129 136 105 137 108 118
3 cars 76 61 60 44 79 56 40 50 45 39
4 cars 34 38 34 40 40 24 32 16 29 22
5 to 10 cars 57 46 69 44 53 54 41 41 36 40
11 cars or more 3 6 8 8 3 9 1 3 5 5

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 6b, Non main-track derailments (assigned factors), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Total number of assigned factors 726 754 796 741 649 593 507 552 486 501
Environmental 45 38 33 18 40 46 21 25 47 24
Equipment 63 71 74 52 52 41 46 45 50 45
Axle 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 0
Brakes 11 12 21 13 9 12 17 13 11 6
Draft system 11 15 12 8 11 9 15 16 11 9
Superstrucure 15 10 11 9 9 7 4 1 9 7
Truck 13 15 13 11 7 4 3 8 6 14
Wheel 12 17 15 10 9 5 7 6 12 8
Track 205 251 292 282 232 226 194 197 144 180
Appurtenances 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 0 3
Geometry 81 91 112 97 98 84 89 90 61 64
Object on track 6 8 8 14 1 6 5 0 2 3
Other track material 19 22 21 25 14 8 11 13 4 5
Rail 24 24 24 32 29 30 23 19 17 30
Roadbed 4 13 13 6 7 7 4 9 21 12
Signals 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Switch 31 42 51 48 34 55 35 46 27 47
Turnouts 35 41 54 48 31 27 23 16 10 11
Actions 348 336 349 329 277 249 210 261 217 233
Failure to protect 197 176 202 193 178 164 145 156 126 131
Failure to secure 22 26 22 7 8 9 3 7 2 10
Failure to use equipment properly 78 81 84 93 65 45 43 66 64 66
Improper loading/lifting 5 1 8 3 0 7 2 5 6 4
Improper placement/position for task 10 9 14 10 6 3 7 5 6 11
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 2 5 4 4 1 5 2 3 2 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 4 9 2 5 7 0 0 1 0 0
Operating at improper speed 11 11 4 6 4 9 4 13 4 3
Vandalism 12 12 6 7 5 5 3 5 6 3
Other actions 7 6 3 1 3 2 1 0 1 4
Other assigned factors 65 58 48 60 48 31 36 24 28 19
Derailments by number of assigned factors 695 713 758 703 631 570 497 540 484 499
One factor assigned 621 643 695 630 597 548 492 531 472 495
More than one factor assigned 50 50 49 51 25 21 5 9 7 3
No factor assigned 24 20 14 22 9 1 0 0 5 1

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 7, Crossing accidents by type and protection, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Crossing accidents 250 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 170 187
Public crossings 209 183 231 197 181 177 157 154 147 165
Passive warnings 69 64 70 77 73 63 56 67 60 73
Automated warnings 140 119 161 120 108 114 101 87 87 92
Flashing lights & bells 88 77 105 76 63 73 55 56 50 46
Gates 51 42 53 36 37 39 44 30 36 46
Other automated warnings 1 0 3 8 8 2 2 1 1 0
Private crossings 35 49 33 44 31 38 30 24 15 18
Farm crossings 6 4 5 2 6 6 1 2 8 4
Fatal accidents 24 21 34 25 22 24 17 19 24 25
Fatalities 28 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 29
Public crossings 24 25 32 25 23 25 18 23 21 28
Passive warnings 8 6 7 8 5 5 6 5 5 11
Automated warnings 16 19 25 17 18 20 12 18 16 17
Flashing lights & bells 9 11 13 10 8 9 6 8 9 7
Gates 7 8 12 7 9 11 6 10 7 10
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 2 0 4 3 2 0 1 1 1 0
Farm crossings 2 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 1
Serious injuries 52 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32
Public crossings 46 47 48 27 21 30 20 25 20 29
Passive warnings 14 15 9 8 13 12 9 14 3 15
Automated warnings 32 32 39 19 8 18 11 11 17 14
Flashing lights & bells 24 21 23 13 5 16 8 5 9 6
Gates 8 11 15 6 3 2 3 6 8 8
Other automated warnings 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 6 3 6 2 0 4 1 3 1 3
Farm crossings 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0
Number of public crossings (a) 19,732 18,678 18,216 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229
Passive warnings 13,442 12,501 12,060 12,138 11,439 n/a 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628
Automated warnings 6,290 6,177 6,156 6,415 6,011 n/a 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601
Flashing lights & bells 4,309 4,147 4,059 4,193 3,827 n/a 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288
Gates 1,958 2,007 2,073 2,175 2,150 n/a 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254
Other automated warnings 23 23 24 47 34 n/a 61 61 59 59

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2012 was provided on March 1, 2013. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 8, Crossing accidents by province, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Crossing accidents 250 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 170 187
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0
Nova Scotia 2 2 5 4 3 0 3 3 0 1
New Brunswick 9 2 3 2 2 2 4 5 6 3
Quebec 36 62 56 39 39 27 28 21 26 19
Ontario 79 69 92 66 52 66 48 52 39 38
Manitoba 28 19 18 20 20 13 18 20 7 25
Saskatchewan 24 16 19 26 23 28 24 24 23 32
Alberta 38 38 56 56 48 54 36 37 47 47
British Columbia 33 26 18 29 31 31 25 18 20 22
Northwest Territories/Yukon 1 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Crossing accidents on main-track (a) 245 229 259 233 211 212 180 174 166 179
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles (b) 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.2
Crossing accidents with derailment 4 9 12 4 6 6 6 3 4 3
Fatalities 28 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 29
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1
Quebec 4 9 7 7 1 6 1 1 4 1
Ontario 15 12 16 13 12 12 3 6 9 11
Manitoba 2 1 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 2
Saskatchewan 4 1 2 1 2 3 5 5 1 8
Alberta 3 2 6 4 5 2 3 6 5 4
British Columbia 0 0 3 1 4 1 3 2 2 2
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 52 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
New Brunswick 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Quebec 5 14 11 4 2 3 3 3 4 1
Ontario 19 11 21 9 7 11 3 5 7 8
Manitoba 4 6 1 4 2 4 3 5 1 7
Saskatchewan 4 3 4 2 4 5 4 2 2 6
Alberta 11 9 12 8 4 7 5 8 4 7
British Columbia 8 5 3 1 1 5 3 3 4 3
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings (c) 19,732 18,678 18,216 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229
Newfoundland & Labrador 7 7 7 7 5 n/a 5 5 5 5
Nova Scotia 119 119 119 160 119 n/a 180 180 180 180
New Brunswick 251 190 190 308 148 n/a 347 340 340 340
Quebec 1,696 1,680 1,660 1,767 1,662 n/a 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968
Ontario 4,913 4,772 4,768 4,947 4,083 n/a 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884
Manitoba 2,398 2,372 2,360 2,363 2,309 n/a 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939
Saskatchewan 5,995 5,764 5,462 5,439 4,986 n/a 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656
Alberta 3,484 2,872 2,791 2,655 2,854 n/a 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777
British Columbia 850 883 840 888 1,265 n/a 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454
Northwest Territories/Yukon 19 19 19 19 19 n/a 15 26 26 26

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Includes crossing accidents on main-track or on spurs.
  2. The source for million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data is estimated.
  3. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2012 was provided on March 1, 2013. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 9, Trespasser accidents by province, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Trespasser accidents 65 100 83 91 101 73 72 81 67 74
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 1 0
New Brunswick 0 0 2 1 4 2 3 1 2 1
Quebec 6 16 14 9 12 13 12 13 9 10
Ontario 38 45 43 43 47 37 35 35 32 33
Manitoba 3 3 6 5 7 4 1 3 1 3
Saskatchewan 2 3 0 2 0 3 4 3 2 6
Alberta 7 16 6 17 14 7 4 9 7 10
British Columbia 9 14 10 14 15 6 13 17 13 11
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 45 67 64 58 56 47 52 53 44 47
Fatalities 45 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 3 2 3 0 1 1
Quebec 4 10 12 6 7 10 7 10 8 7
Ontario 30 32 33 31 32 24 30 27 26 21
Manitoba 2 3 4 1 2 2 1 2 1 3
Saskatchewan 0 4 0 1 0 2 2 2 1 4
Alberta 5 11 5 11 7 4 3 6 2 8
British Columbia 4 7 8 9 4 3 6 8 6 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 19 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Quebec 2 6 2 3 3 0 3 4 2 2
Ontario 7 13 9 13 7 12 5 5 6 12
Manitoba 1 0 1 3 4 2 0 1 0 0
Saskatchewan 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
Alberta 2 5 1 3 4 2 1 3 4 2
British Columbia 5 8 2 4 8 2 6 5 7 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 10, Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Reportable incidents 294 257 245 220 223 216 207 160 204 204
Dangerous goods leaker 150 131 123 82 88 64 78 40 51 63
Main-track switch in abnormal position 11 12 10 7 7 13 4 5 10 5
Movement exceeds limits of authority 102 95 91 101 106 111 106 101 118 120
Runaway rolling stock 13 11 16 12 13 16 11 5 15 9
Signal less restrictive than required 2 1 1 6 0 3 1 4 3 1
Unprotected overlap of authorities 10 5 3 7 8 7 7 4 7 5
Crew member incapacitated 6 2 1 5 1 2 0 1 0 1
Total assigned factors 315 267 257 217 173 225 209 164 207 207
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 144 131 124 78 73 61 77 40 50 62
Equipment 7 2 1 1 0 5 2 2 1 2
Individual/Personal 40 20 17 13 4 3 0 0 0 1
Track 3 0 2 3 0 2 2 1 5 2
Actions 118 111 112 116 90 148 127 113 141 132
Failure to protect 40 39 35 31 38 55 34 34 53 35
Failure to secure 8 6 11 8 1 10 6 4 10 2
Failure to use equipment properly 5 6 2 5 1 3 3 3 5 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 5 5 7 11 4 6 8 8 11 14
Lap of authority 58 48 50 55 41 65 71 59 59 74
Vandalism 1 4 4 0 3 1 3 1 2 4
Other actions 1 3 3 6 2 8 2 4 1 2
Other assigned factors 3 3 1 6 6 6 1 8 10 8
Incidents by number of assigned factors 294 257 245 220 223 216 207 160 204 204
One factor assigned 233 212 199 164 163 206 205 156 201 199
More than one factor assigned 40 27 28 24 5 9 2 4 3 4
No factor assigned 21 18 18 32 55 1 0 0 0 1

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable railway accident.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Other accident types are, but not limited to, trespasser, collisions/derailments involving track units, rolling stock collision with object, or employee/passenger accidents.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

On occasion, accidents involving dangerous goods can include road vehicles carrying or having recently carried dangerous goods.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Trespasser accidents involve persons, primarily pedestrians, not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way and who are struck by rolling stock other than at railway crossings.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

A crossing accident is when a railway rolling stock is involved in a grade-crossing collision with a motor vehicle or pedestrian, resulting in death, serious injury or property damage.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Accidents which occur on main-track or spurs (not including crossing and trespasser accidents) are combined in order to match the figures used in the activity data, which is based on combined main track and spur million track miles.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

As provided to TSB by the Strategic Information Branch of Transport Canada.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. Since multiple factors can contribute to an occurrence, the TSB may assign additional factors to an occurrence. Note that when multiple factors are assigned to an accident they are considered to have acted in combination to contribute to the occurrence.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Actions-related factors are, but not limited to, non-compliance with prescribed procedures such as failure to protect or failure to secure. Note that in previous publications, Actions-related factors were referred to as Rules-related factors.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Movement exceeds limits of authority is when a train or track unit movement occupies a main track (including signalled sidings, signalled yard tracks and station tracks) or portion thereof without the required authorization.

Return to footnote 11 referrer