Statistical Summary: Railway Occurrences in 2017

Table of contents

This document is a summary of selected 2017 railway safety data. It covers federally regulated railways only. Non-federally regulated data reported to the TSB are not included in this report.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

It should be noted that certain characteristics of the data constrain statistical analysis and identification of emerging trends. These include the small totals of accidents and incidents, the large variability in the data from year to year, and changes to regulations and definitions. The reader is cautioned to keep these limitations in mind when viewing this summary to avoid drawing conclusions that cannot be supported by statistical analysis.

The 2017 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB database on 13 February 2018. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified.

Accidents

Overview of accidents and casualties

In 2017, 1091 rail accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB (Figure 1), a 21% increase from the 2016 total of 900, but unchanged from the previous 10-year (2007-2016) average of 1092.

Figure 1. Number of rail accidents, 2007-2017
Number of rail accidents, 2007-2017
Figure 1 data table
Number of rail accidents, 2007-2017
Year Number of accidents
2007 1334
2008 1199
2009 1055
2010 1116
2011 1072
2012 1049
2013 1099
2014 1047
2015 1045
2016 900
2017 1091

Freight trains accounted for approximately 34% of all trains involved in rail accidents in 2017. Five percent (55 in total) were passenger trains with the remaining 61% comprising mainly single cars/cuts of cars, locomotives and track units.

The largest proportion of reported rail accidents comprised non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 2 and collisions (58%) (Figure 2). Typically, most non-main-track accidents are minor, occurring during switching operations at speeds of less than 10 mph. In fact, non-main-track derailments and collisions that do not result in serious injury or damage are now (since 2014) classified as reportable incidents.

Figure 2. PercentageFootnote 3 of rail accidents by type, 2017
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2017
Figure 2 data table
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2017
  Number Percentage
Main-track collisions 3 0.3
Main-track derailments 81 7
Crossing accidents 142 13
Non-main-track collisions 103 9
Non-main-track derailments 525 48
Other 236 22

The proportion of accidents that were main-track derailments or collisions in 2017 was approximately the same as both the previous year and the 10-year average.

In 2017, 13% of rail accidents involved vehicles or pedestrians at rail crossings, below the 17% average of the previous 10 years. The proportion of other accident typesFootnote 4 (22%) in 2017 is above the previous 10-year average (16%).

In 2017, 115 accidents involved dangerous goodsFootnote 5, up from 101 in 2016 but below the 10-year average of 138. Four accidents resulted in a dangerous goods release in 2017, up from 1 in 2016, but consistent with the 10-year average. Two of the 4 accidents resulted in a release of molten sulphur, 1 resulted in a release of sodium chlorate, and 1 resulted in a release of petroleum crude oil.

Figure 3. Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Figure 3 data table
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Year Crossing accidents Trespasser accidents All others
2007 26 55 3
2008 28 45 1
2009 19 52 0
2010 24 55 2
2011 25 43 3
2012 33 44 4
2013 30 43 52
2014 21 32 3
2015 15 30 1
2016 19 47 0
2017 19 53 5

Rail fatalities (Figure 3) totalled 77 in 2017, up from 66 reported last year and comparable to the 10-year average of 76. Crossing fatalities totalled 19 in 2017, the same as in 2016 but below the 10-year average of 24. TrespasserFootnote 6 fatalities totalled 53 in 2017, up from 47 the previous year and above the 10-year average of 45. In 2017, 4 rail employees were fatally injured, above the 10-year average of 2 employee fatalities.

A total of 65 serious injuries resulted from rail occurrences in 2017 (Figure 4), up from 56 in 2016 and above the 10-year average of 56. Similarly, trespasser injuries totalled 23 in 2017, up from 20 last year and above the 10-year average of 19. Crossing accidentsFootnote 7 resulted in 21 serious injuries, down from 24 in 2016 and below the 10-year average of 26. Nineteen rail employees were seriously injured in 2017, up from 15 in 2016 and above the 10-year average of 10.

Figure 4. Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Figure 4 data table
Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2007-2017
Year Crossing accidents Trespasser accidents All others
2007 23 24 12
2008 37 20 8
2009 21 15 14
2010 28 19 17
2011 22 21 9
2012 32 22 19
2013 27 10 2
2014 29 21 3
2015 18 17 15
2016 24 20 12
2017 21 23 21

The number of main-track accidentsFootnote 8 totalled 206 in 2017 (Figure 5), up 18% from 175 in 2016 and 9% above the 10-year average of 190. Rail activityFootnote 9 on main track increased by 6% from the previous year. The main-track accident rate in 2017 was 2.6 accidents per million main-track train-miles, up 12% from 2.3 in 2016 and 7% above the 10-year average of 2.4.

Figure 5. Number of main-track accidents and accident rates, 2007-2017
Number of main-track accidents and accident rates, 2007-2017
Figure 5 data table
Number of main-track accidents and accident rates, 2007-2017
Year Main-track accidents Main-track accidents per million main-track train miles
2007 258 3.1
2008 209 2.5
2009 170 2.4
2010 166 2.1
2011 201 2.6
2012 135 1.7
2013 184 2.3
2014 198 2.6
2015 200 2.7
2016 175 2.3
2017 206 2.6

Accidents by type

Main-track collisions and derailments are the most serious categories of rail accidents in terms of potential risk to the public and financial loss (e.g., when passenger trains are involved or dangerous goods are released from trains that derail in populated areas).

There were 3 main-track collisions (Figure 6) in 2017, down from the 2016 total of 5 and below the 10-year average of 6. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track collisions in 2017. There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of main-track collisions.

A total of 81 main-track derailments (Tables 4a & 4b) were reported in 2017, a 40% increase from the 2016 total of 58, but 13% below the 10-year average of 93 (Figure 6). Twenty–six percent of the 81 main-track derailments occurred in Alberta, 26% occurred in British Columbia, and 14% occurred in Saskstchewan (data not shown).

The number of main-track derailments per million main-track train-miles increased to 1.03 in 2017 from 0.78 the previous year but below the ten-year average of 1.19.

Figure 6. Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
TNumber of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
Figure 6 data table
Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
Year Main-track collisions Main-track derailments
2007 9 160
2008 7 129
2009 5 67
2010 4 82
2011 3 110
2012 6 67
2013 4 84
2014 9 100
2015 4 74
2016 5 58
2017 3 81

No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track derailments in 2017; but 10  involved the release of dangerous goods, the same number as in 2016 but below the 10-year average of 17. Three of these derailments resulted in release of product (2 molten sulphur, 1 sodium chlorate).

In 2017, 32% of assigned factorsFootnote 10 for main-track derailments were equipment-related, similar to the 10-year average of 31%. Actions-relatedFootnote 11 factors accounted for 21% of assigned factors in 2017, up slightly compared to 17% for the 10-year average. Track-related factors were reported in 35% of main-track derailments in 2017, similar to the 10-year average of 37%.

Non-main-track collisions (Tables 5a & 5b) (Figure 7) totalled 103 in 2017, up by 49% from 69 in 2016, and above the 10-year average of 94. Derailments occurred in 38% of non-main-track collisions, and 41% of the derailments resulting from non-main-track collisions involved the derailment of one car.

Non-main-track collsions resulted in 2 serious injuries but no fatalites in 2017. Dangerous goods were involved in 38% of non-main-track collisions, none of which resulted in a release of product.

Factors assigned to non-main-track collisions were mostly Actions-related (90%) up from the 10-year average of 83%. Failure to protect, such as improper positioning of movements and handling of switches, was assigned most often (58%) as a factor.

Figure 7. Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
Figure 7 data table
Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2007-2017
Year Non main-track collisions Non main-track derailments
2007 105 641
2008 92 589
2009 95 509
2010 94 576
2011 89 522
2012 101 530
2013 94 551
2014 106 481
2015 92 522
2016 69 433
2017 103 525

There were 525 non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 12 (Tables 6a & 6b) (Figure 7) in 2017, a 21% increase from 433 last year but 2% below the 10-year average of 535. In 78% of these accidents, 1 or 2 cars derailed. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from non-main-track derailments in 2017.

Dangerous goods cars were involved in 10% of non-main-track derailment accidents, one of which resulted in a release of product (petroleum crude oil).

In 2017, actions-related factors represented 51% of all assigned factors for non-main-track derailment accidents, above the 10-year average of 44%. Track-related factors represented 29% of all assigned factors, below the 10-year average of 36%. Environmental-related factors represented 11% of all assigned factors in 2017, above the 10-year average of 7%.

Crossing accidents (Tables 7 and 8) represented one of the more serious types of rail accidents in 2017, with 25% of these resulting in either serious or fatal injuries.

There were 142 crossing accidents in 2017, a 7% increase from the 2016 total of 133 but 23% below the 10-year average of 184. The number of accidents at public automated crossings (69) was the same as the 2016 total, but 27% below the 10-year average of 94. Accidents at public passive crossings (47) increased 31% from the 2016 total of 36 but were 23% below the 10-year average of 61. Accidents at private and farm crossings (26) decreased 7% from the 2016 total of 28 and were 9% below the 10-year average of 29.

In 2017, the proportion of crossing accidents that occurred at public automated crossings was 49%, compared to 33% at public passive crossings (Figure 8). Although there are nearly two times more public passive crossings than public automated crossings, the higher number of accidents occurring at automated crossings is due, in part, to higher vehicle and train traffic volumes at these crossings.

Figure 8. Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2017
Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2017
Figure 8 data table
Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2017
Type of crossing Number Percentage
Public passive 47 33
Public automated 69 49
Private 21 15
Farm 5 4

There were 19 fatal crossing accidents in 2017, up from the 16 reported in 2016 but below the 10-year average of 21. Although crossing accidents involving pedestrians accounted for 7% (10) of all crossing accidents in 2017, they accounted for 42% (8) of fatal crossing accidents.

Crossing-related fatalities totalled 19 in 2017, the same as in 2016 but down from the 10-year average of 24. Pedestrians comprised 42% of crossing-related fatalities.

In 2017, 5 crossing accidents resulted in derailments, down slightly from the 2016 total of 6 and below the 10-year average of 6.

There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of crossing accidents in 2017.

Except for in Nova Scotia, the number of crossing accidents in 2017 across all provinces and territories was lower than the 10-year average (Figure 9). Although Alberta was associated with the highest proportion (20%) of all crossing accidents, that proportion was below its 10-year average of 23%. Ontario, Quebec, and Saskatchewan each comprised 18% of all crossing accidents, followed by British Columbia (13%) and Manitoba (11%).

Figure 9. Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2017
Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2017
Figure 9 data table
Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2017
Province 2007-2016 Average 2017
B.C. 23 18
ALTA. 42 28
SASK. 27 26
MAN. 18 15
ONT. 44 26
QUE. 26 25
N.B. 4 1
N.S. 1 3
N.L . 0 0
N.T./Y.T. 0 0

Trespasser accidents (Table 9) (Figure 10) involve persons not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way, who are struck by rolling stock at a location other than a railway crossing. These accidents totalled 81 in 2017, up from 70 in 2016 and above the 10-year average of 69. Ontario accounted for 44% of trespasser accidents, followed by British Columbia (22%) and Quebec (16%).

Figure 10. Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2017
 Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2017
Figure 10 data table
Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2017
Province 2007-2016 Average 2017
B.C. 13 18
ALTA. 8 8
SASK. 3 1
MAN. 3 4
ONT. 32 36
QUE. 9 13
N.B. 2 0
N.S. 1 1
N.L . 0 0
N.T./Y.T. 0 0

In 2017, the proportion of trespasser accidents that were fatal (64%) was the same as the 10-year average. The proportion of trespasser accidents resulting in serious injuries (28%) was similar to the 10-year average of 27% (data not shown).

Incidents

Overview of incidents

In 2017, there were 272 reported rail incidents (Figure 11), down from 325 in 2016.

Figure 11. Number of rail incidentsFootnote 13, 2007-2017
Number of rail incidents, 2007-2017
Figure 11 data table
Number of rail incidents , 2007-2017
Year Number of incidents
2007 223
2008 216
2009 209
2010 188
2011 233
2012 238
2013 224
2014 408
2015 373
2016 325
2017 272

Movement exceeds the limit of authority'Footnote 14 (45% of reportable incidents) continued to be the main incident type since 2007 (Figure 12), followed by 'non-main-track train derailments – no damage' (24%), 'dangerous goods leakers' (14%), 'uncontrolled movement of rolling stock' (4%), and 'main-track switch in abnormal position' (4%).

In 2017, there were 18 incidents and 44 accidents involving uncontrolled movement of rolling stock, bringing the total of these occurrences to 62, up from 51 in 2016. In addition, there were 122 incidents in 2017 where the movement exceeded the limit of authority, an 8% decrease from the 133 reported in 2016 but 5% above the 10-year average of 116.

Figure 12. Number of rail incidents by type, 2017
Number of rail incidents by type, 2017
Figure 12 data table
Number of rail incidents by type, 2017
Incident type 2007-2016 Average 2017
Crew member incapacitated  2 4
Unprotected overlap of authorities  5 2
Signal less restrictive than required  2 1
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock  12 12
Movement exceeds limits of authority  124 122
Main-track switch in abnormal position  8 12
Dangerous goods leaker  63 39

A 'dangerous goods (DG) leaker' incidentFootnote 15 is the unintentional release of a hazardous material while in transit, and does not involve an accident. The reported DG leaker incidents totalled 39 in 2017, which is a 30% increase from 2016 (30) but 43% below the 10-year average of 69. Interestingly, while 'DG leaker' incidents represented 39% of all incidents in 2007, they accounted for only 14% of reported rail incidents in 2017 (Figure 12).

The overall decrease in DG leaker incidents since 2014 has been due in part to the harmonization of the new (2014) rail regulations with Part 8 of the TDG Regulations15.

Data tables

Table 1. Railway occurrences and casualties 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents 1334 1199 1055 1116 1072 1049 1099 1047 1045 900 1091
Main-track collisions 9 7 5 4 3 6 4 9 4 5 3
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars* 76 67 39 41 49 35 52 44 39 33 48
Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 25 16 6 11 17 9 13 15 8 7 5
Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 59 46 22 30 44 23 19 41 27 18 28
Crossing accidents 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 166 133 142
Non-main-track collisions 105 92 95 94 89 101 94 106 92 69 103
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars* 467 446 395 457 404 424 437 357 409 345 408
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 138 101 89 93 91 77 89 90 87 61 82
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 36 42 25 26 27 29 25 34 26 27 35
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 30 27 50 36 34 25 41 27 43 23 45
Employee/Passenger accidents 18 12 12 9 11 7 8 12 15 16 17
Trespasser accidents 97 71 71 81 66 71 57 54 50 70 81
Fires/Explosions 25 12 20 30 23 17 11 36 32 35 33
Other accident types 28 37 38 24 43 33 65 37 47 58 60
Reportable incidents 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 373 325 272
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 6 3
Non-main-track train collisions* (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 98 66
Dangerous goods leaker** 88 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 30 39
Main-track switch in abnormal position 7 13 4 5 10 5 7 6 13 7 12
Movement exceeds limits of authority 106 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock*** 13 16 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 9 12
Other reportable incidents 9 12 8 9 10 7 11 23 39 38 16
Main-track accidents (a) 258 209 170 166 201 135 184 198 200 175 206
Million main-track train-miles (MMTTM) (b) 84.5 83.1 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1 78.5 76.5 74.3 74.7 78.9
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.6
Accidents involving dangerous goods 191 153 133 141 121 120 145 143 127 101 115
Main-track derailments 35 23 11 13 20 6 11 25 12 10 10
Crossing accidents 6 4 3 7 1 4 5 5 4 4 6
Non-main-track collisions 41 33 32 26 21 21 26 36 32 19 39
Non-main-track derailments 101 85 81 88 73 88 98 68 75 60 53
Other accident types 8 8 6 7 6 1 5 9 4 8 7
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 3 3 3 3 3 2 7 4 6 1 4
Accidents involving an uncontrolled movement of rolling stock**** 40 27 31 25 27 33 39 18 24 26 32
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 84 74 71 81 71 81 125 56 46 66 77
Crossing accidents 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19
Trespasser accidents 55 45 52 55 43 44 43 32 30 47 53
Other occurrence types (c) 3 1 0 2 3 4 52 3 1 0 5
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65
Crossing accidents 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 21
Trespasser accidents 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 23
Other occurrence types (c) 12 8 14 17 9 19 2 3 15 12 21

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents.
  2. Main-track train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
  3. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.

*New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to January 1, 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents including: derailments involving 1 to 2 cars, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires,and no release of dangerous goods; Non-main-track collisions, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.

**Under the new reporting requirements the minimum reporting threshold for incidents (200 litres) involving the release of low vapour pressure flammable liquids has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

***Refer to Table 11 Addendum for additional information.

****Please refer to Table 12 Addendum for updated statistics since first publication of this table.

Table 2. Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type), 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 84 74 71 81 71 81 125 56 46 66 77
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 1 0 0 1 0 3 47 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 1 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 1 0 4
Trespasser accidents 55 45 52 55 43 44 43 32 30 47 53
Other accident types 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0
Reportable incidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 2 0 0 8 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 21
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Non-main-track derailments 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 3 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 8 7 8 7 7 6 1 1 11 8 16
Trespasser accidents 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 23
Other accident types 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 3
Reportable incidents 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 0 0
Fatalities by person type 84 74 71 81 71 81 125 56 46 66 77
Employees 2 1 0 1 1 4 5 2 1 0 4
Passengers 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Pedestrians 11 11 3 8 6 17 13 8 3 7 8
Vehicle occupants 16 14 17 15 22 16 17 12 11 12 11
Trespassers 55 45 50 55 42 44 43 32 31 47 53
Other person types 0 2 1 1 0 0 47 1 0 0 0
Serious injuries by person type 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65
Employees 12 11 13 12 8 9 2 7 8 15 19
Passengers 0 1 1 7 0 14 1 1 8 2 3
Pedestrians 6 2 0 4 5 5 3 1 2 0 2
Vehicle occupants 17 31 22 22 18 23 23 21 16 18 18
Trespassers 24 20 14 19 21 22 10 23 16 21 23
Other person types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 3. Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Freight trains 1052 1005 808 842 823 800 838 544 413 339 405
Main-track collisions 12 9 8 6 4 8 7 8 6 6 6
Main-track derailments 155 119 64 76 102 62 79 90 66 48 75
Non-main-track collisions 99 98 82 94 95 94 86 42 27 11 28
Non-main-track derailments 482 491 405 421 401 382 425 187 108 88 94
Crossing accidents 181 187 148 137 132 160 144 139 117 86 93
Trespasser accidents 65 49 50 53 43 51 39 39 36 49 55
Other accident types 58 52 51 55 46 43 58 39 53 51 54
Passenger trains 83 79 69 63 72 47 46 50 46 57 55
Main-track collisions 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 3 0 3 2 1 3 3 2 4 2
Non-main-track collisions 4 3 1 1 5 1 0 1 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 8 17 11 8 5 5 4 1 2 1 4
Crossing accidents 28 25 26 21 20 15 17 18 16 11 13
Trespasser accidents 32 20 20 27 23 17 16 12 10 13 23
Other accident types 11 9 11 3 17 8 6 14 16 28 13
Track units 50 48 82 66 61 41 76 50 78 41 71
Main-track collisions 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 3 5 4 9 7 2 7 2 5 4 5
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 46 43 78 56 54 39 69 48 73 37 66
Single car/Cut of cars 149 110 141 136 121 131 125 378 476 418 527
Main-track collisions 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 6 0 1 0
Main-track derailments 3 1 1 1 5 1 2 8 2 4 2
Non-main-track collisions 64 55 89 69 53 70 59 114 103 93 119
Non-main-track derailments 77 49 42 57 51 49 50 222 332 277 349
Crossing accidents 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 9 17 17 21
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 6 1
Other accident types 4 3 6 9 11 8 13 18 18 20 35
Other train/rolling stock types 122 69 86 140 107 150 112 138 132 126 117
Main-track collisions 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0
Main-track derailments 5 6 2 2 3 3 1 1 4 2 2
Non-main-track collisions 10 8 8 20 15 27 13 26 15 21 14
Non-main-track derailments 86 42 61 101 69 98 74 78 92 71 80
Crossing accidents 10 8 8 13 12 14 15 17 11 15 10
Trespasser accidents 0 2 1 2 0 3 2 2 0 2 2
Other accident types 10 3 6 1 8 4 7 14 10 13 9

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 4a. Main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2007-2016
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Main-track derailments by province 160 129 67 82 110 67 84 100 74 58 81
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 0 2
Nova Scotia 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
New Brunswick 6 1 1 0 0 0 1 3 2 1 0
Quebec 12 16 8 9 10 8 8 11 9 6 6
Ontario 39 35 21 19 24 7 19 20 21 15 11
Manitoba 12 13 4 9 19 9 3 10 4 4 6
Saskatchewan 18 14 9 14 11 4 13 10 8 6 14
Alberta 31 31 13 14 21 17 19 30 16 13 21
British Columbia 39 18 10 14 24 21 19 16 14 12 21
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles (a) 1.89 1.55 0.93 1.06 1.40 0.84 1.07 1.31 1.00 0.78 1.03
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles (b) 0.35 0.29 0.17 0.18 0.23 0.13 0.16 0.18 0.13 0.11 n/a
Derailments by number of derailed cars 160 129 67 82 110 67 84 100 74 58 81
1 car 62 55 29 30 39 29 47 29 29 26 39
2 cars 14 12 10 11 10 6 5 15 10 7 9
3 cars 11 6 3 2 6 3 5 4 4 2 1
4 cars 8 5 3 3 6 2 6 6 2 2 3
5 to 10 cars 27 24 12 19 29 16 7 22 16 10 13
11 cars or more 38 27 10 17 20 11 14 24 13 11 16

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. The source of the million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
  2. The source of the billion gross ton-miles is the Railway Association of Canada.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 4b. Main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total number of assigned factors 182 153 81 91 126 68 95 109 80 62 80
Environmental 17 12 6 1 6 4 5 10 2 3 4
Equipment 61 42 23 27 48 19 33 27 23 20 30
Axle 14 11 5 7 11 6 8 4 6 6 10
Brakes 8 3 6 3 7 3 3 4 4 4 4
Draft system 10 4 4 4 4 4 2 5 5 1 4
Superstrucure 8 5 0 2 3 2 7 3 1 2 1
Truck 5 5 1 5 7 2 5 6 2 1 5
Wheel 16 12 7 6 16 2 8 5 5 6 6
Track 59 62 34 33 45 28 30 49 33 17 28
Geometry 25 23 12 16 18 14 10 11 8 7 12
Object on track 1 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 1
Other track material 2 6 5 2 4 2 0 7 2 1 3
Rail 18 27 7 7 12 8 12 17 12 4 7
Roadbed 3 4 5 2 6 4 4 5 7 2 4
Switch 0 1 2 2 1 0 0 6 1 3 0
Turnouts 6 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Actions 20 20 10 24 19 15 25 18 14 18 17
Failure to protect 4 8 3 2 5 5 5 4 2 4 5
Failure to secure 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Failure to use equipment properly 6 6 5 10 7 2 9 6 5 9 8
Improper loading/lifting 3 1 1 3 0 2 2 3 2 0 2
Improper placement/position for task 2 1 0 4 2 2 6 3 1 4 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 1 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Operating at improper speed 1 1 0 3 3 2 2 2 3 0 0
Vandalism 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other actions 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other assigned factors 25 17 8 6 8 2 2 5 8 4 1
Derailments by number of assigned factors 160 129 67 82 110 67 84 100 74 58 81
One factor assigned 146 117 58 74 98 66 73 94 70 52 74
More than one factor assigned 12 12 9 7 12 1 10 6 4 4 3
No factor assigned 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 4

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 5a. Non-main-track collisions (province, number of derailed cars) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Non-main-track collisions by province 105 92 95 94 89 101 94 106 92 69 103
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
New Brunswick 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 4 0 1 1
Quebec 11 5 6 11 12 8 10 4 10 7 9
Ontario 30 26 24 15 17 10 16 23 20 19 25
Manitoba 13 9 15 15 15 21 14 18 15 10 14
Saskatchewan 11 10 5 3 8 12 11 21 8 5 7
Alberta 23 27 25 29 16 34 28 19 17 19 23
British Columbia 15 11 19 20 20 15 13 17 21 8 23
Northwest Territories/Yukon 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Collisions by number of derailed cars 105 92 95 94 89 101 94 106 92 69 103
No cars derailed 41 33 49 51 50 63 64 63 63 38 64
1 car 25 24 26 24 21 14 18 19 21 14 16
2 cars 15 11 8 7 8 10 7 13 1 7 11
3 cars 8 9 5 4 3 6 2 4 3 4 5
4 cars 9 8 3 4 5 5 0 3 2 2 3
5 to 10 cars 5 5 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 4
11 cars or more 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 5b. Non-main-track collisions (assigned factors) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total number of assigned factors 122 99 107 111 105 114 113 118 103 81 113
Environmental 4 1 4 1 2 4 1 2 2 2 1
Equipment 4 1 2 1 3 4 5 4 3 3 1
Track 2 4 6 5 1 3 6 8 7 1 3
Actions 92 73 83 96 92 100 95 102 88 70 102
Failure to protect 61 49 55 64 64 63 54 61 59 43 66
Failure to secure 18 7 12 11 10 16 13 11 4 5 7
Failure to use equipment properly 5 10 11 8 9 10 14 16 14 11 19
Improper placement/position for task 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 3 0 1 3 4 2 3 2 3 3 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 5 7 4 7 5 8 8 12 7 8 9
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Other assigned factors 20 20 12 8 7 3 6 2 3 5 6
Collisions by number of assigned factors 105 92 95 94 89 101 94 106 92 69 103
One factor assigned 92 87 83 77 73 88 73 97 83 60 96
More than one factor assigned 13 4 12 17 16 13 20 9 9 9 7
No factor assigned 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Table 6a. Non-main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Non-main-track derailment accidents by province 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 481 522 433 525
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 6 12 11
Nova Scotia 6 3 5 4 3 4 2 4 3 1 5
New Brunswick 11 17 8 10 14 8 6 12 13 12 9
Quebec 70 71 52 61 64 75 55 48 81 66 81
Ontario 165 141 110 116 108 95 93 93 109 84 110
Manitoba 47 65 75 89 75 68 70 68 70 58 69
Saskatchewan 71 51 44 62 79 68 87 50 49 55 49
Alberta 149 117 130 151 103 144 145 125 91 68 89
British Columbia 121 124 81 83 74 67 91 80 100 77 101
Northwest Territories/Yukon 1 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 1
Derailments by number of derailed cars 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 481 522 433 525
1 car 340 308 290 316 291 301 335 260 319 261 319
2 cars 127 138 105 141 113 123 102 97 90 84 89
3 cars 79 56 40 56 47 39 48 49 53 30 46
4 cars 39 24 32 17 29 22 26 23 26 22 25
5 to 10 cars 53 54 41 43 37 40 37 46 29 31 43
11 cars or more 3 9 1 3 5 5 3 6 5 5 3

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 6b. Non main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total number of assigned factors 671 622 546 639 578 563 619 517 559 452 554
Environmental 40 47 24 29 58 29 81 30 36 40 59
Equipment 54 41 50 54 57 51 39 41 31 31 35
Axle 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Brakes 9 12 18 14 14 6 7 9 7 4 6
Draft system 11 9 15 16 11 10 5 8 3 5 5
Superstrucure 10 7 5 5 11 8 7 7 5 4 8
Truck 7 4 4 9 7 17 14 11 8 11 12
Wheel 10 5 8 9 13 8 6 6 8 7 4
Track 243 238 209 237 175 207 203 201 194 157 162
Appurtenances 1 1 1 0 0 4 1 2 1 1 3
Geometry 102 90 95 107 71 80 72 77 61 71 67
Object on track 1 6 5 1 2 3 2 0 2 1 1
Other track material 14 8 11 14 7 6 5 3 5 4 6
Rail 30 31 26 24 19 30 37 30 30 17 38
Roadbed 8 9 5 15 25 13 10 8 9 4 6
Signals 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Switch 37 58 37 52 35 54 58 59 64 49 30
Turnouts 33 27 25 19 13 12 12 18 16 4 8
Actions 286 264 224 293 255 255 269 227 275 211 282
Failure to protect 184 170 150 176 147 140 140 130 158 106 149
Failure to secure 9 9 3 7 3 11 6 5 2 1 8
Failure to use equipment properly 66 49 47 70 76 77 84 67 71 80 96
Improper loading/lifting 0 8 2 8 8 4 7 3 8 1 6
Improper placement/position for task 6 4 9 8 8 11 8 7 7 6 11
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 1 6 2 3 2 2 3 1 4 1 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 7 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3 0 0
Operating at improper speed 5 11 6 14 4 3 10 13 16 7 7
Vandalism 5 5 4 5 6 3 5 0 5 6 3
Other actions 3 2 1 0 1 4 5 1 1 3 0
Other assigned factors 48 32 39 26 33 21 27 18 23 13 16
Derailments by number of assigned factors 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 481 522 433 525
One factor assigned 597 557 477 516 458 497 476 450 497 401 503
More than one factor assigned 36 31 32 60 60 33 70 31 25 21 22
No factor assigned 8 1 0 0 4 0 5 0 0 11 0

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 7. Crossing accidents by type and protection 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Crossing accidents 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 166 133 142
Public crossings 187 178 157 154 148 170 172 154 131 105 116
Passive warnings 74 63 56 67 59 73 65 68 52 36 47
Automated warnings 113 115 101 87 89 97 107 86 79 69 69
Flashing lights & bells 65 73 55 56 52 48 56 47 37 39 30
Gates 39 40 44 30 36 49 44 38 42 29 37
Other automated warnings 9 2 2 1 1 0 7 1 0 1 2
Private crossings 28 39 30 24 15 18 10 27 28 24 21
Farm crossings 6 6 1 2 8 4 2 4 6 4 5
Fatal accidents 23 26 17 19 24 28 22 20 15 16 19
Fatalities 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19
Public crossings 24 26 18 23 21 32 30 20 13 19 19
Passive warnings 6 5 6 5 5 14 3 2 2 7 4
Automated warnings 18 21 12 18 16 18 27 18 11 12 15
Flashing lights & bells 8 9 6 8 9 7 7 3 2 5 3
Gates 9 12 6 10 7 11 20 15 9 7 12
Other automated warnings 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Farm crossings 0 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 0
Serious injuries 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 21
Public crossings 23 31 20 25 20 29 26 22 18 21 17
Passive warnings 13 13 9 14 3 15 7 11 4 5 9
Automated warnings 10 18 11 11 17 14 19 11 14 16 8
Flashing lights & bells 5 16 8 5 9 6 4 6 4 8 3
Gates 5 2 3 6 8 8 13 5 10 8 5
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 0 4 1 3 1 3 0 7 0 3 3
Farm crossings 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
Number of public crossings (a) 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524
Passive warnings 11,439 n/a 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628 10,548 10,397 10,173 10,109 10,833
Automated warnings 6,011 n/a 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601 5,565 5,553 5,551 5,547 5,691
Flashing lights & bells 3,827 n/a 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288 3,235 3,189 3,156 3,118 3,268
Gates 2,150 n/a 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254 2,275 2,317 2,351 2,386 2,399
Other automated warnings 34 n/a 61 61 59 59 55 47 44 43 24

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2017 was provided on April 5, 2018. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 8. Crossing accidents by province 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Crossing accidents 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 166 133 142
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 3 0 3 3 0 1 0 0 2 1 3
New Brunswick 2 2 4 5 6 3 2 6 7 4 1
Quebec 39 28 28 21 27 18 16 23 28 29 25
Ontario 52 66 48 52 39 41 40 44 29 26 26
Manitoba 22 13 18 20 7 26 19 17 19 14 15
Saskatchewan 23 28 24 24 23 32 37 34 23 19 26
Alberta 49 55 36 37 47 49 50 40 39 21 28
British Columbia 31 31 25 18 20 22 19 21 19 19 18
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents on main-track (a) 214 213 180 174 167 182 171 173 159 122 135
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles (b) 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.6 1.7
Crossing accidents with derailment 6 6 6 3 4 3 6 9 6 6 5
Fatalities 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 0
Quebec 1 7 1 1 4 1 2 9 4 3 7
Ontario 12 12 3 6 9 12 13 5 5 3 7
Manitoba 2 2 3 2 2 3 0 1 1 2 2
Saskatchewan 2 3 5 5 1 8 3 2 0 4 0
Alberta 5 3 3 6 5 6 7 2 3 3 2
British Columbia 4 1 3 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 1
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 21
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 2 3 3 3 4 1 1 3 2 8 2
Ontario 7 11 3 5 7 8 15 3 0 4 2
Manitoba 3 4 3 5 1 7 0 7 2 3 3
Saskatchewan 4 5 4 2 2 6 5 7 2 2 2
Alberta 5 8 5 8 4 7 5 5 6 6 5
British Columbia 1 5 3 3 4 3 1 4 6 1 7
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings (c) 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524
Newfoundland & Labrador 5 n/a 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4
Nova Scotia 119 n/a 180 180 180 180 182 182 182 182 181
New Brunswick 148 n/a 347 340 340 340 342 343 344 344 471
Quebec 1,662 n/a 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968 1,967 1,921 1,902 1,902 1,694
Ontario 4,083 n/a 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884 3,792 3,782 3,743 3,728 4,126
Manitoba 2,309 n/a 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939 1,929 1,914 1,862 1,858 2,046
Saskatchewan 4,986 n/a 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656 3,652 3,597 3,509 3,504 3,607
Alberta 2,854 n/a 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777 2,767 2,731 2,724 2,707 2,881
British Columbia 1,265 n/a 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454 1,451 1,449 1,432 1,404 1,498
Northwest Territories/Yukon 19 n/a 15 26 26 26 26 26 21 22 16

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Includes crossing accidents on main-track or on spurs.
  2. The source for million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data is estimated.
  3. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2017 was provided on April 5, 2018. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 9. Trespasser accidents by province 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Trespasser accidents 97 71 71 81 66 71 57 54 50 70 81
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
New Brunswick 4 2 3 1 2 1 1 0 1 1 0
Quebec 12 12 12 13 8 11 7 6 5 3 13
Ontario 47 37 35 35 32 31 30 21 23 25 36
Manitoba 5 4 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 4 4
Saskatchewan 0 3 4 3 2 6 2 2 4 3 1
Alberta 13 6 4 9 7 9 7 10 4 11 8
British Columbia 14 6 12 17 13 11 8 13 12 22 18
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 55 45 52 53 43 43 43 31 30 46 52
Fatalities 55 45 52 55 43 44 43 32 30 47 53
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
New Brunswick 3 2 3 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
Quebec 7 9 7 10 6 8 4 2 5 2 9
Ontario 32 24 30 27 26 18 26 15 13 19 26
Manitoba 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1
Saskatchewan 0 2 2 2 1 4 2 1 1 2 1
Alberta 7 3 3 6 2 6 4 5 3 5 5
British Columbia 4 3 6 8 6 5 4 8 6 15 10
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 23
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Quebec 3 0 3 4 2 2 3 4 0 1 4
Ontario 7 12 5 5 6 13 3 6 8 6 8
Manitoba 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 2
Saskatchewan 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 1 0
Alberta 3 2 1 3 4 2 1 4 1 4 2
British Columbia 7 2 5 5 7 5 3 6 4 5 7
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 10. Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors) 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Reportable incidents 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 373 325 272
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 6 3
Non-main-track train collisions* (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 98 66
Dangerous goods leaker** 88 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 30 39
Main-track switch in abnormal position 7 13 4 5 10 5 7 6 13 7 12
Movement exceeds limits of authority 106 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 13 16 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 9 12
Signal less restrictive than required 0 3 1 4 3 1 1 2 5 1 1
Unprotected overlap of authorities 8 7 7 4 7 5 4 5 6 4 2
Crew member incapacitated 1 2 0 1 0 1 6 2 2 1 4
Derailment involving track unit (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7 10 13 5
Rolling Stock collision with abandonded vehicle (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 5 5 0
Rolling Stock collision with object (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6 10 14 3
Total assigned factors 178 225 214 195 240 245 229 425 392 344 283
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 73 61 77 68 78 92 92 61 32 29 41
Equipment 0 5 2 2 1 2 4 13 8 10 8
Individual/Personal 4 3 0 0 0 1 4 1 3 0 3
Track 0 2 2 1 5 2 2 25 36 29 7
Actions 95 148 131 114 144 139 116 250 264 240 189
Failure to protect 41 55 34 35 55 38 33 95 94 88 71
Failure to secure 1 10 7 4 11 4 7 5 11 4 8
Failure to use equipment properly 1 3 4 3 5 1 9 30 25 32 20
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 5 6 8 8 11 14 8 18 13 14 8
Lap of authority 41 65 72 59 59 75 54 83 98 81 74
Vandalism 3 1 3 1 2 5 1 4 6 6 1
Other actions 3 8 3 4 1 2 4 15 14 13 7
Other assigned factors 6 6 2 10 12 9 11 75 49 36 35
Incidents by number of assigned factors 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 373 325 272
One factor assigned 168 206 204 181 226 230 220 392 358 301 259
More than one factor assigned 5 9 5 7 7 7 4 16 14 20 11
No factor assigned 50 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 4 2

Data extracted February 13, 2018.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

*New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to January 1, 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents including: derailments involving 1 to 2 cars, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires,and no release of dangerous goods; Non-main-track collisions, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.

**New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements the minimum reporting threshold for incidents (200 litres) involving the release of low vapour pressure flammable liquids has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

Table 11.
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents involving an uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 53 31 39 32 36 44 58 43 41 33 44

The TSB database is reviewed and reconciled on a routine basis. The updated statistics for accidents involving uncontrolled movement of rolling stock shown in Table 11 are the result of a recent and detailed review of all occurrences between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2017. As a result of this review additional accident occurrences were found to have been involved in uncontrolled movement of rolling stock.

Table 12.
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Incidents involving an uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 14 16 13 7 16 13 14 18 19 18 18

The incidents statistics in Table 1 are categorized based only on the final result of the occurrence to avoid double counting of incidents. For example, an occurrence of uncontrolled movement that results in a derailment would be categorized as a derailment and it would not contribute to the number for uncontrolled movements of rolling stock reported. Table 12 shows incident statistics involving uncontrolled movement of rolling stock for all incidents, including those that were categorized as another incident type in Table 1. These statistics should not be used to calculate total number of incidents.

Definitions

The following definitions apply to railway occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Railway occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described below

Reportable railway accident

  • A person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of
    • getting on or off or being on board the rolling stock, or
    • coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents
  • The rolling stock or its contents
    • sustain damage that affects the safe operation of the rolling stock,
    • cause or sustain a fire or explosion, or
    • cause damage to the railway that poses a threat to the safe passage of rolling stock or to the safety of any person, property or the environment

Reportable railway incident

  • A risk of collision occurs between rolling stock
  • An unprotected main track switch or subdivision track switch is left in an abnormal position
  • A railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock
  • Rolling stock occupies a main track or subdivision track, or track work takes place, in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • Rolling stock passes a signal indicating stop in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • There is an unplanned and uncontrolled movement of rolling stock
  • A crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment, or
  • There is an accidental release on board or from a rolling stock consisting of a quantity of dangerous goods or an emission of radiation that is greater than the quantity or emission level specified in Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations
  • Derailment or non-main track collision (involving one to two cars) occurs without damage or injury

Serious injury

  • A fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose
  • Lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage
  • An injury to an internal organ
  • Second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface
  • A verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation, or
  • An injury that is likely to require hospitalization

Dangerous goods involvement

"Dangerous goods" has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992. An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g., tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.

Derailment

Any instance where one or more wheels of rolling stock have come off the normal running surface of the rail, including occurrences where there are no injuries and no damage to track or equipment.

Date de modification :