Rail transportation occurrences in 2019

Table of contents

The TSB gathers and uses transportation occurrence data during the course of its investigations to analyze safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian rail transportation system.

This summary covers federally regulated railways only. Non-federally regulated data reported to the TSB are not included in this report.

It should be noted that certain characteristics of the data constrain statistical analysis and identification of emerging trends. These include the small totals of accidents and incidents, the large variability in the data from year to year, and changes to regulations and definitions. The reader is cautioned to keep these limitations in mind when viewing this summary to avoid drawing conclusions that cannot be supported by statistical analysis.

The 2019 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB Railway Occurrence Database System (RODS) database at 2 March 2020. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified.

AccidentsFootnote 1

Overview of accidents and casualties

In 2019, 1246 rail accidents were reported to the TSB (Figure 1), up from the 2018 total of 1169, and a 17% increase from the previous 10-year (2009–2018) average of 1064.

Figure 1. Number of rail accidents, 2009 to 2019
Number of rail accidents, 2009 to 2019
Figure 1. Data table
Number of rail accidents per year from 2009 to 2019
Year Number of accidents
2009 1055
2010 1116
2011 1072
2012 1049
2013 1095
2014 1047
2015 1045
2016 899
2017 1091
2018 1169
2019 1246

Freight trains accounted for 33% of all trains involved in rail accidents in 2019. Three percent (47 in total) were passenger trains, with the remaining 64% comprising mainly single cars/cuts of cars, locomotives, and track units.

The largest proportion of reported rail accidents comprised non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 2 (48%) (Figure 2). Typically, most non-main-track accidents are minor, occurring during switching operations at speeds of less than 10 mph.

Figure 2. Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2019*
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2019*

* Due to rounding of percentages in category labels, additions across accident types should be calculated from Table 1 data rather than by adding percentages shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Data table
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2019*
Rail accident type  Number  Percentage 
Main-track collisions  4 0.3
Main-track derailments  93 7
Crossing accidents  175 14
Trespasser accidents 56 4
Non-main-track collisions  111 9
Non-main-track derailments  601 48
Other  205 16

The proportion of accidents that were main-track derailments in 2019 (7%) was approximately the same as both the previous year and the 10-year average.

In 2019, 14% of rail accidents involved vehicles or pedestrians at rail crossings, below the 16% average of the previous 10 years. The proportion of other accident typesFootnote 3 (21%) in 2019 is above the 10-year average (18%).

In 2019, 169 accidents involved dangerous goods,Footnote 4 up from 125 in 2018 and above the 10-year average of 127. Eight accidents resulted in a dangerous goods release in 2019, compared with 4 in 2018, and the 10-year average of 4.

Rail fatalities (Figure 3) totalled 72 in 2019, up from 57 reported last year and approximately the same as the previous 10-year average of 73. Crossing fatalities totalled 28 in 2019, up from 19 in 2018 and above the 10-year average of 22. TrespasserFootnote 5 fatalities totalled 38 in 2019, up from 34 in the previous year but below the 10-year average of 43. In 2019, 5 railway employees were fatally injured, above the 10-year average of 2 employee fatalities.

Figure 3. Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Figure 3. Data table
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Year Crossing accidents  Trespasser accidents  All others 
2009 19 52 0
2010 24 55 2
2011 25 43 3
2012 33 44 4
2013 30 42 52
2014 21 32 3
2015 15 30 1
2016 19 47 0
2017 19 53 4
2018 19 34 4
2019 28 38 6

A total of 64 serious injuries resulted from rail occurrences in 2019 (Figure 4), down from 91 in 2018 but above the 10-year average of 59. Trespasser injuries totalled 17 in 2019, down from 30 last year and below the 10-year average of 20. Fifteen railway employees were seriously injured in 2019, down from 17 in 2018 but above the 10-year average of 11. Crossing accidentsFootnote 6 resulted in 31 serious injuries, down from 42 in 2018 but above the 10-year average of 27.

Figure 4. Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Figure 4. Data table
Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2009 to 2019
Year Crossing accidents  Trespasser accidents  All others 
2009 21 15 14
2010 28 19 17
2011 22 21 9
2012 32 22 19
2013 27 10 2
2014 29 21 3
2015 18 17 15
2016 24 20 12
2017 22 22 21
2018 42 30 19
2019 31 17 16

The number of main-track accidentsFootnote 7 totalled 276 in 2019 (Figure 5), up from 212 in 2018 and 51% above the 10-year average of 183. A portion of this increase in main-track accidents is due to the unusually high number of right of way fires on main-track reported to the TSB in 2019 (42). Rail activityFootnote 8 on main track (i.e., non-yard) increased by 1% from the previous year. The main-track accident rate in 2019 was 3.3 accidents per million main-track train miles, up from 2.6 in 2018 and 42% above the 10-year average of 2.3.

Kendall’s tau-b correlation and Sen’s estimate of slope were used to quantify the trend in main track accidents and accident rates shown in Figure 5. Kendall's tau-b (τb) correlation coefficient is a nonparametric measure of the strength and direction of association that exists between two variables. Kendall’s τb was calculated on the 11-year series of accident rate values by year from 2009 to 2019. There was a moderately strong, positive correlation that indicates an upward trend in accidents per million main-track train miles over the period (τb = 0.491, p = 0.036). Sen’s estimate of slope, the amount of upward rate change per year, was 0.0534 occurrences per million main-track miles per year.

Figure 5. Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2009 to 2019
The figure is a bar graph that shows main-track accidents and main-track accident rates per million main-track train miles per year, from 2009 to 2019.
Figure 5. Data table
Number of main-track accidents and accident rates, 2009 to 2019
Year Main-track accidents Main-track accidents per million main-track train miles Sen's estimate of rate slope
2009 169 2.3 2.131039
2010 166 2.1 2.1844113
2011 201 2.6 2.2377835
2012 135 1.7 2.2911558
2013 184 2.3 2.344528
2014 198 2.4 2.3979003
2015 199 2.5 2.4512725
2016 173 2.3 2.5046448
2017 195 2.5 2.558017
2018 212 2.6 2.6113893
2019 276 3.3 2.6647615

Accidents by type

Main-track collisions and derailments are the most serious categories of rail accidents in terms of potential risk to the public and financial loss (e.g., when passenger trains are involved or dangerous goods are released from trains that derail in populated areas).

There were 4 main-track collisions (Figure 6) in 2019, down from the 2018 total of 5 and down from the 10-year average of 5. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track collisions in 2019. There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of main-track collisions.

A total of 93 main-track derailments (Table 4) were reported in 2019, an increase from the 2018 total of 87, and 15% above the 10-year average of 81 (Figure 6). Twenty–four percent of the 93 main-track derailments occurred in British Columbia, 18% occurred in Alberta, and 18% occurred in Ontario.

The number of main-track derailments per million main-track (i.e., non-yard) train miles increased to 1.12 in 2019 from 1.05 the previous year and above the 10-year average of 1.03.

Figure 6. Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2009 to 2019
The figure is a bar graph showing the number of main-track derailments and the number of main-track collisions per year, from 2009 to 2019
Figure 6. Data table
Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2009 to 2019
Year Main-track collisions Main-track derailments
2009 5 66
2010 4 82
2011 3 110
2012 6 67
2013 4 84
2014 9 100
2015 4 75
2016 5 58
2017 3 81
2018 5 87
2019 4 93

Three fatalities and 1 serious injury resulted from main-track derailments in 2019. Nineteen main-track derailments involved dangerous goods, up from the 2018 total of 17 and above the 10-year average of 14. Six of these derailments resulted in release of product (2 crude oil, 1 diesel fuel and octanes, 1 octanes, 1 methanol, and 1 sulphuric acid).

In 2019, 27% of assigned factorsFootnote 9 for main-track derailments were equipment-related, down from the 10-year average of 31%. Actions-related factorsFootnote 10 accounted for 21% of assigned factors in 2019, the same as the 10-year average. Track-related factors were reported in 41% of main-track derailments in 2019, above the 10-year average of 37%.

Non-main-track collisions (table 6 and Figure 7) totalled 111 in 2019, up from the 2018 total of 101, and above the 10-year average of 94. Derailments occurred in 43% of non-main-track collisions, and 56% of the derailments resulting from non-main-track collisions involved the derailment of one car.

Non-main-track collisions resulted in no fatalites and 2 serious injuries in 2019. Dangerous goods were involved in 40% of non-main-track collisions, none of which resulted in a release of product.

Factors assigned to non-main-track collisions were mostly actions-related (90%), comparable to the 10-year average of 86% (Table 7). Failure to protect, such as improper positioning of movements and handling of switches, was assigned most often (58%) as a factor.

Figure 7.Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2009 to 2019
The figure is a bar graph showing the number of non main-track derailments and the number of non main-track collisions per year, from 2009 to 2019.
Figure 7. Data table
Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2009 to 2019
Year Non main-track collisions Non main-track derailments
2009 95 510
2010 94 576
2011 89 522
2012 101 530
2013 93 549
2014 106 481
2015 92 523
2016 69 435
2017 103 541
2018 101 599
2019 111 601

There were 601 non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 11 in 2019 (Table 8 and Figure 7), similar to the 599 last year but 14% above the 10-year average of 527. In 81% of these accidents, 1 or 2 cars derailed. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from non-main-track derailments in 2019.

Dangerous goods cars were involved in 16% of non-main-track derailment accidents, none of which resulted in a release of product.

In 2019, actions-related factors represented 47% of all assigned factors for non-main-track derailment accidents, similar to the 10-year average of 46% (Table 9). Track-related factors represented 25% of all assigned factors, below the 10-year average of 34%. Environmental-related factors represented 22% of all assigned factors in 2019, above the 10-year average of 8%.

Crossing accidents (tables 10 and 11) represented one of the more serious types of rail accidents in 2019, with 29% of these resulting in either serious or fatal injuries.

There were 175 crossing accidents in 2019, a 5% increase from the 2018 total of 167 and 2% above the 10-year average of 171. The number of accidents at public automated crossings (87) was similar to the 2018 total of 86, and the same as 10-year average of 87. Accidents at public passive crossings (48) decreased from the 2018 total of 52 and were 17% below the 10-year average of 58. Accidents at private and farm crossings (40) increased from the 2018 total of 29 and were 53% above the 10-year average of 26.

In 2019, the proportion of crossing accidents that occurred at public automated crossings was 50%, compared with 27% at public passive crossings (Figure 8). Although there are nearly twice as many public passive crossings than public automated crossings, the higher number of accidents occurring at automated crossings is due, in part, to higher vehicle and train traffic volumes at these crossings. The TSB is conducting ongoing research to better understand crossing accident data.

Figure 8. Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2019
The figure 8 is a pie chart that shows the breakdown of crossing accidents by type of crossing in 2019
Figure 8. Data table
Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2019
Type of crossing Number  Percentage 
Public passive  48 27%
Public automated  87 50%
Private  37 21%
Farm  3 2%

There were 26 fatal crossing accidents in 2019, up from the 18 reported in 2018 and above the 10-year average of 20. Crossing-related fatalities totalled 28 in 2019, up from the 19 reported in 2018 and up from the 10-year average of 22.

Although crossing accidents involving pedestrians accounted for only 11% (19) of all crossing accidents in 2019, they accounted for 50% (13) of fatal crossing accidents and 46% of crossing-related fatalities.

Crossing-related serious injuries totalled 31 in 2019, down from the 2018 total of 42 but above the 10-year average of 27.

In 2019, 1 crossing accident resulted in a derailment, down from the 2018 total of 7 and below the 10-year average of 6.

No crossing accidents resulted in release of dangerous goods product in 2019.

Ontario had the highest proportion (27%) of all crossing accidents in 2019, above its 10-year average of 23%. Alberta had the second highest total with 20% of crossing accidents, followed by Quebec and  Saskatchewan with 14%, and British Columbia and Manitoba with 11% (Figure 9).

Figure 9. Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2019
The figure is a bar graph representing the average number of crossing accidents by province for the years 2009 to 2018, compared to the number of crossing accidents by province for 2019
Figure 9. Data table
Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2019
Province 2009-2018 Average 2019
BC 20 20
AB 38 35
SK 26 24
MB 17 19
ON 39 48
QC 24 25
NB 4 2
NS 2 2
NL 0 0
NT/YT 0 0

Trespasser accidents (Table 12 and Figure 10) totalled 56 in 2019, down from 69 in 2018 and below the 10-year average of 67. Ontario accounted for 38% of trespasser accidents, followed by Alberta with 25%, British Columbia with 14%, and Quebec with 11%.

Figure 10. Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2019
The figure is a bar graph representing the average number of trespasser accidents by province for the years 2009 to 2018, compared to the number of trespasser accidents by province for 2019
Figure 10. Data table
Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2019
Province 2009-2018 average 2019
BC 14 8
AB 8 14
SK 3 4
MB 2 2
ON 30 21
QC 9 6
NB 1 1
NS 0 0
NL 0 0
NT/YT 0 0

In 2019, the proportion of trespasser accidents that were fatal (68%) was above the 10-year average of 64%. The proportion of trespasser accidents resulting in serious injuries (30%) was comparable to the 10-year average of 29%.

Incidents Footnote 12

Overview of incidents

In 2019, there were 236 reported rail incidents (Figure 11), down from 286 in 2018, and down from the 5-year average of 320.

Figure 11. Number of rail incidents,* 2009 to 2019
The figure is a bar graph representing the number of rail incidents per year from 2009 to 2019

* New TSB Regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014.

Figure 11. Data table
Number of rail incidents,* 2009 to 2019
Year Number of incidents 
2009 209
2010 188
2011 233
2012 238
2013 224
2014 408
2015 372
2016 301
2017 235
2018 286
2019 236

* New TSB Regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014.

“Movement exceeds the limit of authority”Footnote 13 accounted for 57% of reportable incidents in 2019 (Figure 12), followed by “non-main-track train derailments – no damage” (23%),  “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” (7%), and “main-track switch in abnormal position” (6%).

In addition to the 16 “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” incidents and 2 other derailment incidents involving an “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” in 2019, there were 60 accidents involving an “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock,” for a total of 78 occurrences. This is more than the total (66) of those occurrences in 2018, and a 36% increase from the 10-year average of 57.

There were 134 incidents in 2019 where the movement exceeded the limit of authority, a decrease from the 138 reported in 2018 but 11% above the 10-year average of 121.

Figure 12. Number of rail incidents by type, 2019
The figure is a bar graph showing the average number of reportable rail incidents by type for the period of 2009 to 2018 compared to the 2019 results.
Figure 12. Data table
Number of rail incidents by type, 2019
Rail incident type 2009-2018 average 2019
Crew member incapacitated  2 4
Unprotected overlap of authorities  5 2
Signal less restrictive than required  2 1
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock  12 12
Movement exceeds limits of authority  124 122
Main-track switch in abnormal position  8 12
Dangerous goods leaker  63 39

Data tables

Table 1. Railway occurrences and casualties, 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Accidents 1055 1116 1072 1049 1095 1047 1045 899 1091 1169 1246
Main-track collisions 5 4 3 6 4 9 4 5 3 5 4
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars1 38 41 49 35 52 44 40 33 48 39 54
Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 6 11 17 9 13 15 8 7 5 10 6
Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 22 30 44 23 19 41 27 18 28 38 33
Crossing accidents 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167 175
Non-main-track collisions 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101 111
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars1 396 457 404 424 436 357 410 346 424 476 487
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 89 93 91 77 88 90 87 62 82 100 87
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 25 26 27 29 25 34 26 27 35 23 27
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 50 36 34 25 41 27 43 23 45 48 49
Employee/Passenger accidents 12 9 11 7 8 12 15 16 17 13 14
Trespasser accidents 71 81 66 71 56 54 50 70 80 69 56
Fires/Explosions 20 30 23 17 11 36 32 35 33 34 100
Other accident types 38 24 43 33 65 37 46 55 45 46 42
Reportable incidents 209 188 233 238 224 408 372 301 235 286 236
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars1 (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 5 3 4 3
Non-main-track train collisions1 (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2 2 0
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars1 (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 97 67 96 54
Dangerous goods leaker2 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 7 0 0 0
Main-track switch in abnormal position 4 5 10 5 7 6 12 7 12 7 15
Movement exceeds limits of authority 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122 138 134
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 10 14 15 16
Other reportable incidents 8 9 10 7 11 23 39 38 15 24 14
Main-track accidents3 169 166 201 135 184 198 199 173 195 212 276
Million main-track train-miles4 (MMTTM) 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1 78.5 81.6 79.6 74.7 78.0 82.6 83.3
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 2.3 2.1 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.6 3.3
Accidents involving dangerous goods 133 141 121 120 143 143 127 101 115 125 169
Main-track derailments 11 13 20 6 11 25 12 10 10 17 19
Crossing accidents 3 7 1 4 5 5 4 4 6 7 6
Non-main-track collisions 32 26 21 21 26 36 32 19 39 33 44
Non-main-track derailments 81 88 73 88 96 68 75 60 54 62 94
Other accident types 6 7 6 1 5 9 4 8 6 6 6
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 3 3 3 2 7 4 6 1 5 4 8
Accidents involving an uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 39 32 35 43 57 43 41 33 48 47 60
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57 72
Crossing accidents 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19 28
Trespasser accidents 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34 38
Other occurrence types5 0 2 3 4 52 3 1 0 4 4 6
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91 64
Crossing accidents 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42 31
Trespasser accidents 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30 17
Other occurrence types5 14 17 9 19 2 3 15 12 21 19 16

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

  1. New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to 1 January 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents including, derailments involving 1 to 2 cars with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires and no release of dangerous goods; non-main-track collisions with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.
  2. TSB Regulations have been harmonized with Section 8.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.
  3. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents, and excluding non-main-track collisions and derailments.
  4. Main-track (i.e., non-yard) train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
  5. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.
Table 2. Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57 72
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 1 0 3 47 0 0 0 0 1 3
Crossing accidents 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19 28
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 0 1 1 0 4 2 1 0 3 1 2
Trespasser accidents 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34 38
Other accident types 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Reportable incidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91 64
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 8 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 3 1
Crossing accidents 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42 31
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 2
Employee/Passenger accidents 8 7 7 6 1 1 11 8 16 12 10
Trespasser accidents 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30 17
Other accident types 4 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 3 0 1
Reportable incidents 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 4 0
Fatalities by person type 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57 72
Employees 0 1 1 4 5 2 1 0 3 4 5
Passengers 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
Pedestrians 3 8 6 17 13 8 3 7 8 10 13
Vehicle occupants 17 15 22 16 17 12 11 12 11 9 16
Trespassers 50 55 42 44 42 32 31 47 53 34 38
Other person types 1 1 0 0 47 1 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries by person type 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91 64
Employees 13 12 8 9 2 7 8 15 19 17 15
Passengers 1 7 0 14 1 1 8 2 3 3 1
Pedestrians 0 4 5 5 3 1 2 0 2 8 6
Vehicle occupants 22 22 18 23 23 21 16 18 18 33 25
Trespassers 14 19 21 22 10 23 16 21 23 30 17
Other person types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

Table 3. Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type, 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Freight trains 808 842 823 800 834 544 413 339 405 390 447
Main-track collisions 8 6 4 8 7 8 6 6 6 5 4
Main-track derailments 63 76 102 62 79 90 66 48 75 75 78
Non-main-track collisions 82 94 95 94 85 42 27 11 28 20 26
Non-main-track derailments 406 421 401 382 423 187 108 88 95 96 78
Crossing accidents 148 137 132 160 144 139 117 86 94 106 117
Trespasser accidents 50 53 43 51 38 39 36 49 54 41 41
Other accident types 51 55 46 43 58 39 53 51 53 47 103
Passenger trains 69 63 72 47 46 50 46 57 55 68 47
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Main-track derailments 0 3 2 1 3 3 2 4 2 2 2
Non-main-track collisions 1 1 5 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 11 8 5 5 4 1 2 1 4 6 3
Crossing accidents 26 21 20 15 17 18 16 11 13 19 15
Trespasser accidents 20 27 23 17 16 12 10 13 23 24 12
Other accident types 11 3 17 8 6 14 16 28 13 16 14
Track units 82 66 61 41 76 50 78 41 71 81 83
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 4 9 7 2 7 2 5 4 5 6 4
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 78 56 54 39 69 48 73 37 66 75 79
Single car/Cut of cars 141 136 121 131 126 378 476 416 527 595 608
Main-track collisions 1 0 1 2 0 6 0 1 0 2 2
Main-track derailments 1 1 5 1 2 8 2 4 2 7 5
Non-main-track collisions 89 69 53 70 59 114 103 93 119 133 136
Non-main-track derailments 42 57 51 49 51 222 333 278 362 402 411
Crossing accidents 2 0 0 1 1 9 17 17 21 26 23
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 6 1 3 2
Other accident types 6 9 11 8 13 18 17 17 22 22 29
Other train/rolling stock types 86 140 107 150 111 138 132 127 117 151 169
Main-track collisions 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1
Main-track derailments 2 2 3 3 1 1 5 2 2 3 8
Non-main-track collisions 8 20 15 27 13 26 15 21 14 18 18
Non-main-track derailments 61 101 69 98 73 78 92 72 82 103 112
Crossing accidents 8 13 12 14 15 17 10 15 10 12 16
Trespasser accidents 1 2 0 3 2 2 0 2 2 1 1
Other accident types 6 1 8 4 7 14 10 13 7 14 13

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.

New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 4. Main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Main-track derailments by province 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 87 93
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 0 0 0 1 3 2 1 0 0 1
Quebec 8 9 10 8 8 11 9 6 6 9 10
Ontario 21 19 24 7 19 20 21 15 11 14 17
Manitoba 4 9 19 9 3 10 4 4 6 8 14
Saskatchewan 9 14 11 4 13 10 8 6 14 18 12
Alberta 12 14 21 17 19 30 17 13 21 20 17
British Columbia 10 14 24 21 19 16 14 12 21 18 22
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles1 0.91 1.06 1.40 0.84 1.07 1.23 0.94 0.78 1.04 1.05 1.12
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles2 0.17 0.18 0.23 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.14 0.11 0.14 0.15 n/a
Derailments by number of derailed cars 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 87 93
1 car 28 30 39 29 47 29 30 26 39 29 43
2 cars 10 11 10 6 5 15 10 7 9 10 11
3 cars 3 2 6 3 5 4 4 2 1 4 2
4 cars 3 3 6 2 6 6 2 2 3 4 3
5 to 10 cars 12 19 29 16 7 22 16 10 13 21 11
11 cars or more 10 17 20 11 14 24 13 11 16 19 23

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

  1. Estimates of million main-track (i.e. non-yard) train miles (Source: Transport Canada)
  2. Billion gross ton-miles (Source: Railway Association of Canada)

New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 5. Main-track derailments (assigned factors), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number of assigned factors 80 91 126 68 96 109 80 63 81 88 81
Environmental 6 1 6 4 5 10 2 3 4 7 7
Equipment 23 27 48 19 33 27 23 20 30 23 22
Axle 5 7 11 6 8 4 6 6 10 2 6
Brakes 6 3 7 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 6
Draft system 4 4 4 4 2 5 5 1 4 7 2
Superstrucure 0 2 3 2 7 3 1 2 1 4 2
Truck 1 5 7 2 5 6 2 1 5 0 0
Wheel 7 6 16 2 8 5 5 6 6 6 6
Track 34 33 45 28 30 49 33 18 29 24 33
Geometry 12 16 18 14 10 11 8 8 12 11 10
Object on track 1 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 1
Other track material 5 2 4 2 0 7 2 1 3 2 2
Rail 7 7 12 8 12 17 12 4 8 4 11
Roadbed 5 2 6 4 4 5 7 2 4 4 5
Switch 2 2 1 0 0 6 1 3 0 1 1
Turnouts 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Actions 9 24 19 15 26 18 14 18 17 27 17
Failure to protect 2 2 5 5 5 4 2 4 5 10 9
Failure to secure 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Failure to use equipment properly 5 10 7 2 10 6 5 9 8 13 6
Improper loading/lifting 1 3 0 2 2 3 2 0 2 1 0
Improper placement/position for task 0 4 2 2 6 3 1 4 2 2 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 0 3 3 2 2 2 3 0 0 1 0
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other actions 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other assigned factors 8 6 8 2 2 5 8 4 1 7 2
Derailments by number of assigned factors 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 87 93
One factor assigned 57 74 98 66 74 94 70 53 75 80 77
More than one factor assigned 9 7 12 1 10 6 4 4 3 3 2
No factor assigned 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 4 14

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 6. Non-main-track collisions (province, number of derailed cars), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Non-main-track collisions by province 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101 111
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 1 1 1 1 1 4 0 1 1 2 0
Quebec 6 11 12 8 10 4 10 7 9 5 8
Ontario 24 15 17 10 16 23 20 19 25 19 26
Manitoba 15 15 15 21 14 18 15 10 14 8 15
Saskatchewan 5 3 8 12 11 21 8 5 7 13 11
Alberta 25 29 16 34 28 19 17 19 23 26 29
British Columbia 19 20 20 15 13 17 21 8 23 27 22
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Collisions by number of derailed cars 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101 111
No cars derailed 49 51 50 63 63 63 63 38 64 54 63
1 car 26 24 21 14 18 19 21 14 16 27 27
2 cars 8 7 8 10 7 13 1 7 11 6 11
3 cars 5 4 3 6 2 4 3 4 5 4 6
4 cars 3 4 5 5 0 3 2 2 3 2 0
5 to 10 cars 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 4 7 3
11 cars or more 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

Table 7. Non-main-track collisions (assigned factors), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number of assigned factors 107 111 105 114 113 118 103 81 113 106 112
Environmental 4 1 2 4 1 2 2 2 1 2 2
Equipment 2 1 3 4 5 4 3 3 1 3 2
Track 6 5 1 3 6 8 7 1 3 3 3
Actions 83 96 92 100 95 102 88 70 102 94 101
Failure to protect 55 64 64 63 54 61 59 43 66 59 65
Failure to secure 12 11 10 16 13 11 4 5 7 9 7
Failure to use equipment properly 11 8 9 10 14 16 14 11 19 18 21
Improper placement/position for task 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 1 3 4 2 3 2 3 3 1 1 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 4 7 5 8 8 12 7 8 9 7 4
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Other assigned factors 12 8 7 3 6 2 3 5 6 4 4
Collisions by number of assigned factors 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101 111
One factor assigned 83 77 73 88 73 97 83 60 96 97 106
More than one factor assigned 12 17 16 13 20 9 9 9 7 4 3
No factor assigned 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Table 8. Non-main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Non-main-track derailment accidents by province 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 435 541 599 601
Newfoundland & Labrador 2 0 0 1 1 0 6 12 11 9 7
Nova Scotia 5 4 3 4 2 4 3 2 5 6 3
New Brunswick 8 10 14 8 4 12 13 9 9 5 12
Quebec 52 61 64 75 55 48 81 67 85 60 111
Ontario 110 116 108 95 93 93 109 85 115 119 134
Manitoba 75 89 75 68 70 68 71 58 70 65 68
Saskatchewan 44 62 79 68 87 50 49 55 49 83 54
Alberta 131 151 103 144 145 125 91 68 93 131 115
British Columbia 81 83 74 67 91 80 100 79 103 121 97
Northwest Territories/Yukon 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
Derailments by number of derailed cars 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 435 541 599 601
1 car 291 316 291 301 334 260 319 265 333 383 398
2 cars 105 141 113 123 102 97 91 81 91 93 89
3 cars 40 56 47 39 48 49 53 31 46 54 39
4 cars 32 17 29 22 25 23 26 22 25 28 32
5 to 10 cars 41 43 37 40 37 46 29 31 43 35 32
11 cars or more 1 3 5 5 3 6 5 5 3 6 11

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 9. Non main-track derailments (assigned factors), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number of assigned factors 547 639 578 563 622 517 560 465 572 610 585
Environmental 24 29 58 29 82 30 36 40 59 77 130
Equipment 50 54 57 51 39 41 31 31 34 31 22
Axle 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Brakes 18 14 14 6 7 9 7 4 6 11 1
Draft system 15 16 11 10 5 8 3 5 5 5 4
Superstrucure 5 5 11 8 7 7 5 4 8 10 6
Truck 4 9 7 17 14 11 8 11 12 5 6
Wheel 8 9 13 8 6 6 8 7 3 0 4
Track 209 237 175 207 205 202 194 164 162 190 149
Appurtenances 1 0 0 4 1 2 1 1 3 3 2
Geometry 95 107 71 80 73 77 61 72 67 78 64
Object on track 5 1 2 3 2 0 2 1 1 3 2
Other track material 11 14 7 6 5 3 5 6 6 7 1
Rail 26 24 19 30 38 30 30 19 38 24 23
Roadbed 5 15 25 13 10 8 9 4 6 6 6
Signals 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Switch 37 52 35 54 58 59 64 50 30 52 40
Turnouts 25 19 13 12 12 19 16 4 8 12 10
Actions 225 293 255 255 269 226 276 216 301 307 273
Failure to protect 152 176 147 140 140 130 158 109 163 209 169
Failure to secure 3 7 3 11 6 5 2 1 9 10 14
Failure to use equipment properly 47 70 76 77 84 67 72 81 98 66 72
Improper loading/lifting 2 8 8 4 7 3 8 1 7 2 6
Improper placement/position for task 9 8 8 11 8 7 7 6 11 4 6
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 2 3 2 2 3 1 4 1 2 4 0
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 2 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 6 14 4 3 10 13 16 8 8 6 3
Vandalism 4 5 6 3 5 0 5 6 3 5 0
Other actions 0 0 1 4 5 0 1 3 0 1 3
Other assigned factors 39 26 33 21 27 18 23 14 16 5 11
Derailments by number of assigned factors 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 435 541 599 601
One factor assigned 478 516 458 497 479 450 498 414 517 584 577
More than one factor assigned 32 60 60 33 70 31 25 21 24 12 4
No factor assigned 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 20

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 10. Crossing accidents by type and protection, 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Crossing accidents 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167 175
Public crossings 157 154 148 170 172 154 131 105 117 138 135
Passive warnings 56 67 59 73 65 68 52 36 47 52 48
Automated warnings 101 87 89 97 107 86 79 69 70 86 87
Flashing lights & bells 55 56 52 48 56 47 37 39 30 44 43
Gates 44 30 36 49 44 38 42 29 38 41 43
Other automated warnings 2 1 1 0 7 1 0 1 2 1 1
Private crossings 30 24 15 18 10 27 28 24 21 28 37
Farm crossings 1 2 8 4 2 4 6 4 5 1 3
Fatal accidents 17 19 24 28 22 20 15 16 19 18 26
Fatalities 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19 28
Public crossings 18 23 21 32 30 20 13 19 19 18 25
Passive warnings 6 5 5 14 3 2 2 7 4 2 6
Automated warnings 12 18 16 18 27 18 11 12 15 16 19
Flashing lights & bells 6 8 9 7 7 3 2 5 3 4 5
Gates 6 10 7 11 20 15 9 7 12 12 14
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3
Farm crossings 0 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Serious injuries 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42 31
Public crossings 20 25 20 29 26 22 18 21 18 37 25
Passive warnings 9 14 3 15 7 11 4 5 9 17 6
Automated warnings 11 11 17 14 19 11 14 16 9 20 19
Flashing lights & bells 8 5 9 6 4 6 4 8 3 6 9
Gates 3 6 8 8 13 5 10 8 6 14 10
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 1 3 1 3 0 7 0 3 3 5 6
Farm crossings 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Number of public crossings1 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524 16,447 16,497
Passive warnings 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628 10,548 10,397 10,173 10,109 10,833 10,671 10,608
Automated warnings 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601 5,565 5,553 5,551 5,547 5,691 5,776 5,889
Flashing lights & bells 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288 3,235 3,189 3,156 3,118 3,268 3,267 3,277
Gates 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254 2,275 2,317 2,351 2,386 2,399 2,484 2,585
Other automated warnings 61 61 59 59 55 47 44 43 24 25 27

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

  1. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2019 are from 26 March 2020. Figures for previous years are snapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 11. Crossing accidents by province, 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Crossing accidents 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167 175
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 3 3 0 1 0 0 2 1 3 3 2
New Brunswick 4 5 6 3 2 6 7 4 1 3 2
Quebec 28 21 27 18 16 23 28 29 26 24 25
Ontario 48 52 39 41 40 44 29 26 26 43 48
Manitoba 18 20 7 26 19 17 19 14 15 15 19
Saskatchewan 24 24 23 32 37 34 23 19 26 22 24
Alberta 36 37 47 49 50 40 38 21 28 35 35
British Columbia 25 18 20 22 19 21 19 19 18 22 20
Northwest Territories/Yukon 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents on main-track1 180 174 167 182 171 173 159 122 136 156 161
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles2 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Crossing accidents with derailment 6 3 4 3 6 9 6 6 5 7 1
Fatalities 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19 28
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0
Quebec 1 1 4 1 2 9 4 3 7 3 2
Ontario 3 6 9 12 13 5 5 3 7 7 11
Manitoba 3 2 2 3 0 1 1 2 2 0 5
Saskatchewan 5 5 1 8 3 2 0 4 0 1 4
Alberta 3 6 5 6 7 2 3 3 2 3 2
British Columbia 3 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 1 5 4
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42 31
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 3 3 4 1 1 3 2 8 3 10 1
Ontario 3 5 7 8 15 3 0 4 2 8 7
Manitoba 3 5 1 7 0 7 2 3 3 8 0
Saskatchewan 4 2 2 6 5 7 2 2 2 9 7
Alberta 5 8 4 7 5 5 6 6 5 2 9
British Columbia 3 3 4 3 1 4 6 1 7 5 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings3 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524 16,447 16,497
Newfoundland & Labrador 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5 5
Nova Scotia 180 180 180 180 182 182 182 182 181 181 183
New Brunswick 347 340 340 340 342 343 344 344 471 472 432
Quebec 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968 1,967 1,921 1,902 1,902 1,694 1,693 1,786
Ontario 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884 3,792 3,782 3,743 3,728 4,126 4,131 4,158
Manitoba 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939 1,929 1,914 1,862 1,858 2,046 2,006 1,987
Saskatchewan 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656 3,652 3,597 3,509 3,504 3,607 3,573 3,546
Alberta 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777 2,767 2,731 2,724 2,707 2,881 2,894 2,883
British Columbia 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454 1,451 1,449 1,432 1,404 1,498 1,476 1,502
Northwest Territories/Yukon 15 26 26 26 26 26 21 22 16 16 15

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

  1. Includes crossing accidents on main track or on spurs.
  2. Estimates of million main-track (i.e. non-yard) train miles (Source: Transport Canada)
  3. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2019 are from 26 March 2020. Figures for previous years are snapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 12. Trespasser accidents by province, 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Trespasser accidents 71 81 66 71 56 54 50 70 80 69 56
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
New Brunswick 3 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
Quebec 12 13 8 11 7 6 5 3 12 12 6
Ontario 35 35 32 31 30 21 23 25 36 31 21
Manitoba 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 4 4 3 2
Saskatchewan 4 3 2 6 2 2 4 3 1 1 4
Alberta 4 9 7 9 7 10 4 11 8 10 14
British Columbia 12 17 13 11 8 13 12 22 18 12 8
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 52 53 43 43 42 31 30 46 52 34 38
Fatalities 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34 38
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0
New Brunswick 3 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Quebec 7 10 6 8 4 2 5 2 9 7 4
Ontario 30 27 26 18 26 15 13 19 26 14 16
Manitoba 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 2
Saskatchewan 2 2 1 4 2 1 1 2 1 0 4
Alberta 3 6 2 6 4 5 3 5 5 4 9
British Columbia 6 8 6 5 4 8 6 15 10 7 3
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30 17
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Quebec 3 4 2 2 3 4 0 1 3 5 2
Ontario 5 5 6 13 3 6 8 6 8 13 5
Manitoba 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 1 0
Saskatchewan 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 1 0 1 0
Alberta 1 3 4 2 1 4 1 4 2 6 4
British Columbia 5 5 7 5 3 6 4 5 7 4 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

Table 13. Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors), 2009-2019
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Reportable incidents 209 188 233 238 224 408 372 301 235 286 236
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars1 (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 5 3 4 3
Non-main-track train collisions1 (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2 2 0
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars1 (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 97 67 96 54
Dangerous goods leaker2 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 7 0 0 0
Main-track switch in abnormal position 4 5 10 5 7 6 12 7 12 7 15
Movement exceeds limits of authority 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122 138 134
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 10 14 15 16
Signal less restrictive than required 1 4 3 1 1 2 5 1 1 2 0
Unprotected overlap of authorities 7 4 7 5 4 5 6 4 2 11 6
Crew member incapacitated 0 1 0 1 6 2 2 1 4 5 0
Derailment involving track unit (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7 10 13 5 5 6
Rolling Stock collision with abandoned vehicle (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 5 5 0 1 0
Rolling Stock collision with object (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6 10 14 3 0 2
Total assigned factors 214 195 240 245 229 425 392 324 245 287 238
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 77 68 78 92 92 61 32 9 0 0 0
Equipment 2 2 1 2 4 13 8 10 9 8 3
Individual/Personal 0 0 0 1 4 1 3 0 3 4 0
Track 2 1 5 2 2 25 36 29 7 13 5
Actions 131 114 144 139 116 250 264 241 191 205 181
Failure to protect 34 35 55 38 33 95 94 88 73 89 64
Failure to secure 7 4 11 4 7 5 11 4 9 2 7
Failure to use equipment properly 4 3 5 1 9 30 25 34 20 19 9
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 8 8 11 14 8 18 13 14 8 13 12
Lap of authority 72 59 59 75 54 83 98 82 74 71 85
Vandalism 3 1 2 5 1 4 6 6 1 3 2
Other actions 3 4 1 2 4 15 17 13 6 8 2
Other assigned factors 2 10 12 9 11 75 49 35 35 57 49
Incidents by number of assigned factors 209 188 233 238 224 408 372 301 235 286 236
One factor assigned 204 181 226 230 220 392 358 279 225 279 228
More than one factor assigned 5 7 7 7 4 16 14 21 9 4 5
No factor assigned 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 3 3

Data extracted 2 March 2020

Data are for federally regulated railways.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

  1. New TSB regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to 1 January 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents including, derailments involving 1 to 2 cars with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires and no release of dangerous goods; non-main-track collisions with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.
  2. TSB Regulations have been harmonized with Section 8.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.

Definitions

The following definitions apply to rail transportation occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described below

Reportable accident

  • A person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of
    • getting on or off or being on board the rolling stock, or
    • coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents
  • The rolling stock or its contents
    • sustain damage that affects the safe operation of the rolling stock,
    • cause or sustain a fire or explosion, or
    • cause damage to the railway that poses a threat to the safe passage of rolling stock or to the safety of any person, property or the environment

Reportable incident

  • A risk of collision occurs between rolling stock
  • An unprotected main track switch or subdivision track switch is left in an abnormal position
  • A railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock
  • Rolling stock occupies a main track or subdivision track, or track work takes place, in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • Rolling stock passes a signal indicating stop in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • There is an unplanned and uncontrolled movement of rolling stock
  • A crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment, or
  • There is an accidental release on board or from a rolling stock which results in any of the events listed in subsection 8.4(2) of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.
  • Derailment or non-main track collision (involving one to two cars) occurs without damage or injury

Serious injury

  • A fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose
  • Lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage
  • An injury to an internal organ
  • Second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface
  • A verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation, or
  • An injury that is likely to require hospitalization

Dangerous goods involvement

“Dangerous goods” has the same meaning as in Section 2 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act. An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g., tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.

Derailment

Any instance where one or more wheels of rolling stock have come off the normal running surface of the rail, including occurrences where there are no injuries and no damage to track or equipment.

Date de modification :