Rail transportation occurrences in 2018

Table of contents

This document is a summary of selected 2018 rail transportation safety data. It covers federally regulated railways only. Non-federally regulated data reported to the TSB are not included in this report.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyze safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

It should be noted that certain characteristics of the data constrain statistical analysis and identification of emerging trends. These include the small totals of accidents and incidents, the large variability in the data from year to year, and changes to regulations and definitions. The reader is cautioned to keep these limitations in mind when viewing this summary to avoid drawing conclusions that cannot be supported by statistical analysis.

The 2018 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB RODS database at 18 February 2019. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified.

Accidents

Overview of accidents and casualties

In 2018, 1172 rail accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB (Figure 1), a 7% increase from the 2017 total of 1091, and a 10% increase from the previous 10-year (2008–2017) average of 1067. The TSB has noted these increases and will analyse this issue in more depth to try to determine possible causal factors.

Figure 1. Number of rail accidents, 2008 to 2018
Number of rail accidents, 2008 to 2018
Figure 1. Data table
Number of rail accidents, 2008 to 2018
Year Number of accidents 
2008 1199
2009 1055
2010 1116
2011 1072
2012 1049
2013 1095
2014 1047
2015 1045
2016 898
2017 1091
2018 1172

Freight trains accounted for approximately 30% of all trains involved in rail accidents in 2018. Five percent (68 in total) were passenger trains with the remaining 65% comprising mainly single cars/cuts of cars, locomotives and track units.

The largest proportion of reported rail accidents comprised non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 2 and collisions (60%) (Figure 2). Typically, most non-main-track accidents are minor, occurring during switching operations at speeds of less than 10 mph.

Figure 2. Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2018*
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2018*

* Due to rounding of percentages in data labels, additions across accident types should be calculated from Table 1 data rather than by adding percentages shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Data table
Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2018*
Rail accident type  Number  Percentage 
Main-track collisions  5 0.4
Main-track derailments  88 8
Crossing accidents  167 14
Non-main-track collisions  101 9
Non-main-track derailments  600 51
Other  211 18

* Due to rounding of percentages in data labels, additions across accident types should be calculated from Table 1 data rather than by adding percentages shown in Figure 2.

The proportion of accidents that were main-track derailments or collisions in 2018 was approximately the same as both the previous year and the 10-year average.

In 2018, 14% of rail accidents involved vehicles or pedestrians at rail crossings, below the 17% average of the previous 10 years. The proportion of other accident typesFootnote 3 (18%) in 2018 is approximately the same as the previous 10-year average (17%).

In 2018, 125 accidents involved dangerous goods,Footnote 4 up from 115 in 2017 but below the 10-year average of 129. Six accidents resulted in a dangerous goods release in 2018, compared to 5 in 2017, and the 10-year average of 4.

Rail fatalities (Figure 3) totalled 57 in 2018, down from 76 reported last year and from  the 10-year average of 75. Crossing fatalities totalled 19 in 2018, the same as in 2017 but below the 10-year average of 23. TrespasserFootnote 5 fatalities totalled 34 in 2018, down from 53 in the previous year and below the 10-year average of 44. In 2018, 4 rail employees were fatally injured, above the 10-year average of 2 employee fatalities.

Figure 3. Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2008 to 2018
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence,  2008 to 2018
Figure 3. Data table
Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2008 to 2018
Year Crossing accidents  Trespasser accidents  All others 
2008 28 45 1
2009 19 52 0
2010 24 55 2
2011 25 43 3
2012 33 44 4
2013 30 42 52
2014 21 32 3
2015 15 30 1
2016 19 47 0
2017 19 53 4
2018 19 34 4

A total of 91 serious injuries resulted from rail occurrences in 2018 (Figure 4), up from 65 in 2017 and above the 10-year average of 57. Similarly, trespasser injuries totalled 30 in 2018, up from 22 last year and above the 10-year average of 19. Seventeen rail employees were seriously injured in 2018, down from 19 in 2017 but above the 10-year average of 10. Crossing accidentsFootnote 6 resulted in 42 serious injuries, up from 22 in 2017 and above the 10-year average of 26.

Figure 4. Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2008 to 2018
Number of serious injuries by type of  occurrence, 2008 to 2018
Figure 4. Data table
Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2008 to 2018
Year Crossing accidents  Trespasser accidents  All others 
2008 37 20 8
2009 21 15 14
2010 28 19 17
2011 22 21 9
2012 32 22 19
2013 27 10 2
2014 29 21 3
2015 18 17 15
2016 24 20 12
2017 22 22 21
2018 42 30 19

The number of main-track accidentsFootnote 7 totalled 213 in 2018 (Figure 5), up 9% from 195 in 2017 and 16% above the 10-year average of 183. Rail activityFootnote 8 on main track (i.e., non-yard) increased by 6% from the previous year. The main-track accident rate in 2018 was 2.6 accidents per million main-track train miles, up 3% from 2.5 in 2017 and 10% above the 10-year average of 2.3.

Figure 5. Main-track accidents and accident rates, 2008 to 2018
Number of main-track accidents and accident  rates, 2008 to 2018
Figure 5. Data table
Main-track accidents and accident rates, 2008 to 2018
Year Main-track accidents and accident rates Main-track accidents per million main-track train miles 
2008 209 2.5
2009 169 2.3
2010 166 2.1
2011 201 2.6
2012 135 1.7
2013 184 2.3
2014 198 2.4
2015 199 2.5
2016 173 2.3
2017 195 2.5
2018 213 2.6

Accidents by type

Main-track collisions and derailments are the most serious categories of rail accidents in terms of potential risk to the public and financial loss (e.g., when passenger trains are involved or dangerous goods are released from trains that derail in populated areas).

There were 5 main-track collisions (Figure 6) in 2018, up from the 2017 total of 3 but the same as the 10-year average. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track collisions in 2018. There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of main-track collisions.

A total of 88 main-track derailments (Tables 4a and 4b) were reported in 2018, a 9% increase from the 2018 total of 81, and 3% above the 10-year average of 85 (Figure 6). Twenty–three percent of the 88 main-track derailments occurred in Alberta, 22% occurred in Saskstchewan, and 20% occurred in British Columbia.

The number of main-track derailments per million main-track train miles (i.e., non-yard)  increased to 1.06 in 2018 from 1.04 the previous year but below the 10-year average of 1.09.

Figure 6. Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2008 to 2018
Number of main-track collision and derailment  accidents, 2008 to 2018
Figure 6. Data table
Number of main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2008 to 2018
Year Main-track collisions  Main-track derailments 
2008 7 129
2009 5 66
2010 4 82
2011 3 110
2012 6 67
2013 4 84
2014 9 100
2015 4 75
2016 5 58
2017 3 81
2018 5 88

One fatality and 3 serious injuries resulted from main-track derailments in 2018. Seventeen involved dangerous goods, up from the 2017 total of 10 and above the 10-year average of 14. Three of these derailments resulted in release of product (1 crude oil, 1 toluene and acetone, and 1 propane).

In 2018, 26% of assigned factorsFootnote 9 for main-track derailments were equipment-related, down from the 10-year average of 31%. Actions-related factorsFootnote 10 accounted for 33% of assigned factors in 2018, up compared to 19% for the 10-year average. Track-related factors were reported in 27% of main-track derailments in 2018, below the 10-year average of 38%.

Non-main-track collisions (Tables 5a and 5b) (Figure 7) totalled 101 in 2018, similar to the 2017 total of 103, but above the 10-year average of 93. Derailments occurred in 47% of non-main-track collisions, and 57% of the derailments resulting from non-main-track collisions involved the derailment of one car.

Non-main-track collisions resulted in 2 fatalites in 2018. Dangerous goods were involved in 33% of non-main-track collisions, none of which resulted in a release of product.

Factors assigned to non-main-track collisions were mostly actions-related (87%), comparable to the 10-year average of 85%. Failure to protect, such as improper positioning of movements and handling of switches, was assigned most often (54%) as a factor.

Figure 7. Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2008 to 2018
Number of non-main-track collision and  derailment accidents, 2008 to 2018
Figure 7. Data table
Number of non-main-track collision and derailment accidents, 2008 to 2018
Year Non main-track collisions Non main-track derailments
2008 92 589
2009 95 510
2010 94 576
2011 89 522
2012 101 530
2013 93 549
2014 106 481
2015 92 523
2016 69 434
2017 103 541
2018 101 600

There were 600 non-main-track derailmentsFootnote 11 in 2018 (Tables 6a and 6b) (Figure 7), an 11% increase from 541 last year and 14% above the 10-year average of 526. In 80% of these accidents, 1 or 2 cars derailed. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from non-main-track derailments in 2018.

Non-main-track derailments involving fewer than 6 cars accounted for 77% of the accident increase in 2018 compared to the 10-year average. The TSB has noted this increase and will analyse the issue in more depth to try and determine possible causal factors.

Dangerous goods cars were involved in 10% of non-main-track derailment accidents, none of which resulted in a release of product.

In 2018, actions-related factors represented 51% of all assigned factors for non-main-track derailment accidents, above the 10-year average of 45%. Track-related factors represented 30% of all assigned factors, below the 10-year average of 35%. Environmental-related factors represented 13% of all assigned factors in 2018, above the 10-year average of 8%.

Crossing accidents (Tables 7 and 8) represented one of the more serious types of rail accidents in 2018, with 29% of these resulting in either serious or fatal injuries.

There were 167 crossing accidents in 2018, a 17% increase from the 2017 total of 143 but 5% below the 10-year average of 176. The number of accidents at public automated crossings (86) was up from the 2017 total of 70, but 4% below the 10-year average of 90. Accidents at public passive crossings (52) increased 11% from the 2017 total of 47 but were 11% below the 10-year average of 59. Accidents at private and farm crossings (29) increased 12% from the 2017 total of 26 and were 4% above the 10-year average of 28.

In 2018, the proportion of crossing accidents that occurred at public automated crossings was 51%, compared to 31% at public passive crossings (Figure 8). Although there are nearly twice as many public passive crossings than public automated crossings, the higher number of accidents occurring at automated crossings is due, in part, to higher vehicle and train traffic volumes at these crossings. The TSB is conducting further ongoing research to better understand crossing accident data.

Figure 8. Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2018
Percentage of crossing accidents by type of  crossing, 2018
Figure 8. Data table
Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2018
Type of crossing Number  Percentage 
Public passive  52 31%
Public automated  86 51%
Private  28 17%
Farm  1 1%

There were 18 fatal crossing accidents in 2018, down from the 19 reported in 2017 and below the 10-year average of 21. Although crossing accidents involving pedestrians accounted for 11% (18) of all crossing accidents in 2018, they accounted for 56% (10) of fatal crossing accidents.

Crossing-related fatalities totalled 19 in 2018, the same as in 2017 but down from the 10-year average of 23. Pedestrians comprised 53% of crossing-related fatalities.

Crossing-related serious injuries totalled 42 in 2018, up from the 2017 total of 22 and above the 10-year average of 26.

In 2018, 7 crossing accidents resulted in derailments, up from the 2017 total of 5 and above the 10-year average of 5.

Two  crossing accidents resulted in release of product in 2018 (1 water/oil by-product, 1 ethanol).

Ontario had the highest proportion (26%) of all crossing accidents in 2018, above its 10-year average of 23%. Alberta had the second highest total with 21% of crossings accidents, followed by Quebec with 14%, Saskatchewan and British Columbia with 13% each, and Manitoba with 9% (Figure 9).

Figure 9. Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2018
Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2018
Figure 9. Data table
Number of crossing accidents by province/territory, 2018
Province 2008-2017 Average 2018
BC 21 22
AB 40 35
SK 27 22
MB 17 15
ON 41 43
QC 24 24
NB 4 3
NS 1 3
NL 0 0
NT/YT 0 0

Trespasser accidents (Table 9) (Figure 10) totalled 69 in 2018, down from 80 in 2017 but above the 10-year average of 67. Ontario accounted for 45% of trespasser accidents, followed by British Columbia and Quebec with 17% each and Alberta with 14%.

Figure 10. Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2018
Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2018
Figure 10. Data table
Number of trespasser accidents by province/territory, 2018
Province 2008-2017 Average 2018
BC 13 12
AB 8 10
SK 3 1
MB 2 3
ON 31 31
QC 9 12
NB 1 0
NS 0 0
NL 0 0
NT/YT 0 0

In 2018, the proportion of trespasser accidents that were fatal (49%) was below the 10-year average of 65%. The proportion of trespasser accidents resulting in serious injuries (43%) was above the 10-year average of 28% (data not shown).

Incidents

Overview of incidents

In 2018, there were 283 reported rail incidents (Figure 11), up from 235 in 2017.

Figure 11. Number of rail incidents,* 2008 to 2018
Number of rail incidents,* 2008 to 2018

* New TSB Regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014.

Figure 11. Data table
Number of rail incidents,* 2008 to 2018
Year Number of incidents 
2008 216
2009 209
2010 188
2011 233
2012 238
2013 224
2014 408
2015 371
2016 302
2017 235
2018 283

* New TSB Regulations came into effect on 1 July 2014.

“Movement exceeds the limit of authority”Footnote 12 (48% of reportable incidents) continued to be the main incident type since 2008 (Figure 12), followed by “non-main-track train derailments – no damage” (33%),  “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” (5%), and “unprotected overlap of authorities” (4%). There were no dangerous goods leaker incidents in 2018.Footnote 13

In addition to the 15 “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” incidents and 4 other collision/derailment incidents involving an “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock” in 2018, there were 44 accidents involving an “uncontrolled movement of rolling stock,” for a total of 63 occurrences. This is fewer than the total (65) of those occurrences in 2017.

There were 137 incidents in 2018 where the movement exceeded the limit of authority, a 12% increase from the 122 reported in 2017 and 16% above the 10-year average of 118.

Figure 12. Number of rail incidents by type, 2018*
Number of rail incidents by type, 2018*

*  In 2018, the TSB retroactively applied a June 2016 regulatory change by Transport Canada that revised the criteria for a dangerous goods leaker from a volume-based threshold to outcome-based consequences, resulting in the re-categorization of a number of occurrences. Consequently, the number of dangerous goods leaker incidents between June 2016 and December 2018 fell from 78 to 1.

Figure 12. Data table
Number of rail incidents by type, 2018*
Rail incident type 2008-2017 Average 2018
Rolling stock collision with object (no derailment, no damage) n/a 0
Rolling stock collision with abandonded vehicle (no derailment, no damage) n/a 1
Derailment involving track unit (no damage) n/a 5
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars (no damage) n/a 94
Non-main-track train collisions (no derailment, no damage) n/a 2
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars (no damage) n/a 4
Other reportable incidents 17 25
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 13 15
Movement exceeds limits of authority 118 137
Dangerous goods leaker 58 0

*  In 2018, the TSB retroactively applied a June 2016 regulatory change by Transport Canada that revised the criteria for a dangerous goods leaker from a volume-based threshold to outcome-based consequences, resulting in the re-categorization of a number of occurrences. Consequently, the number of dangerous goods leaker incidents between June 2016 and December 2018 fell from 78 to 1.

Data tables

Table 1. Railway occurrences and casualties, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Accidents 1199 1055 1116 1072 1049 1095 1047 1045 898 1091 1172
Main-track collisions 7 5 4 3 6 4 9 4 5 3 5
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars* 67 38 41 49 35 52 44 40 33 48 40
Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 16 6 11 17 9 13 15 8 7 5 10
Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 46 22 30 44 23 19 41 27 18 28 38
Crossing accidents 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167
Non-main-track collisions 92 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars* 446 396 457 404 424 436 357 410 346 424 477
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 101 89 93 91 77 88 90 87 61 82 100
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 42 25 26 27 29 25 34 26 27 35 23
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 27 50 36 34 25 41 27 43 23 45 48
Employee/Passenger accidents 12 12 9 11 7 8 12 15 16 17 13
Trespasser accidents 71 71 81 66 71 56 54 50 70 80 69
Fires/Explosions 12 20 30 23 17 11 36 32 35 33 34
Other accident types 37 38 24 43 33 65 37 46 55 45 47
Reportable incidents 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 371 302 235 283
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 6 3 4
Non-main-track train collisions* (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2 2
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 97 67 94
Dangerous goods leaker** 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 7 0 0
Main-track switch in abnormal position 13 4 5 10 5 7 6 12 7 12 7
Movement exceeds limits of authority 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122 137
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 16 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 10 14 15
Other reportable incidents 12 8 9 10 7 11 23 38 38 15 24
Main-track accidents (a) 209 169 166 201 135 184 198 199 173 195 213
Million main-track train-miles (MMTTM) (b) 83.1 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1 78.5 81.6 79.6 74.7 78.0 82.6
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.6
Accidents involving dangerous goods 151 133 141 121 120 143 143 127 100 115 125
Main-track derailments 23 11 13 20 6 11 25 12 10 10 17
Crossing accidents 4 3 7 1 4 5 5 4 4 6 7
Non-main-track collisions 33 32 26 21 21 26 36 32 19 39 33
Non-main-track derailments 85 81 88 73 88 96 68 75 59 54 62
Other accident types 8 6 7 6 1 5 9 4 8 6 6
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 3 3 3 3 2 7 4 6 2 5 6
Accidents involving an uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 31 39 32 35 43 57 43 41 33 48 44
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 74 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57
Crossing accidents 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19
Trespasser accidents 45 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34
Other occurrence types (c) 1 0 2 3 4 52 3 1 0 4 4
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91
Crossing accidents 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42
Trespasser accidents 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30
Other occurrence types (c) 8 14 17 9 19 2 3 15 12 21 19

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents, and excluding non-main-track collisions and derailments.
  2. Main-track (i.e., non-yard) train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
  3. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.

*New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to January 1, 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents including: derailments involving 1 to 2 cars, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires,and no release of dangerous goods; Non-main-track collisions, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.

** TSB Regulations have been harmonized with Section 8.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.

Table 2. Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 74 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 1 0 3 47 0 0 0 0 1
Crossing accidents 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 1 0 3 1
Trespasser accidents 45 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34
Other accident types 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Reportable incidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 8 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 3
Crossing accidents 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 7 8 7 7 6 1 1 11 8 16 12
Trespasser accidents 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30
Other accident types 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 3 0
Reportable incidents 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 4
Fatalities by person type 74 71 81 71 81 124 56 46 66 76 57
Employees 1 0 1 1 4 5 2 1 0 3 4
Passengers 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Pedestrians 11 3 8 6 17 13 8 3 7 8 10
Vehicle occupants 14 17 15 22 16 17 12 11 12 11 9
Trespassers 45 50 55 42 44 42 32 31 47 53 34
Other person types 2 1 1 0 0 47 1 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries by person type 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50 56 65 91
Employees 11 13 12 8 9 2 7 8 15 19 17
Passengers 1 1 7 0 14 1 1 8 2 3 3
Pedestrians 2 0 4 5 5 3 1 2 0 2 8
Vehicle occupants 31 22 22 18 23 23 21 16 18 18 33
Trespassers 20 14 19 21 22 10 23 16 21 23 30
Other person types 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 3. Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Freight trains 1005 808 842 823 800 834 544 413 338 405 388
Main-track collisions 9 8 6 4 8 7 8 6 6 6 5
Main-track derailments 119 63 76 102 62 79 90 66 48 75 76
Non-main-track collisions 98 82 94 95 94 85 42 27 11 28 20
Non-main-track derailments 491 406 421 401 382 423 187 108 87 95 95
Crossing accidents 187 148 137 132 160 144 139 117 86 94 106
Trespasser accidents 49 50 53 43 51 38 39 36 49 54 41
Other accident types 52 51 55 46 43 58 39 53 51 53 45
Passenger trains 79 69 63 72 47 46 50 46 57 55 68
Main-track collisions 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Main-track derailments 3 0 3 2 1 3 3 2 4 2 2
Non-main-track collisions 3 1 1 5 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 17 11 8 5 5 4 1 2 1 4 6
Crossing accidents 25 26 21 20 15 17 18 16 11 13 19
Trespasser accidents 20 20 27 23 17 16 12 10 13 23 24
Other accident types 9 11 3 17 8 6 14 16 28 13 16
Track units 48 82 66 61 41 76 50 78 41 71 81
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 5 4 9 7 2 7 2 5 4 5 6
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 43 78 56 54 39 69 48 73 37 66 75
Single car/Cut of cars 110 141 136 121 131 126 378 476 416 527 598
Main-track collisions 1 1 0 1 2 0 6 0 1 0 2
Main-track derailments 1 1 1 5 1 2 8 2 4 2 7
Non-main-track collisions 55 89 69 53 70 59 114 103 93 119 133
Non-main-track derailments 49 42 57 51 49 51 222 333 278 362 403
Crossing accidents 1 2 0 0 1 1 9 17 17 21 26
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 6 1 3
Other accident types 3 6 9 11 8 13 18 17 17 22 24
Other train/rolling stock types 69 86 140 107 150 111 138 132 127 117 153
Main-track collisions 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Main-track derailments 6 2 2 3 3 1 1 5 2 2 3
Non-main-track collisions 8 8 20 15 27 13 26 15 21 14 18
Non-main-track derailments 42 61 101 69 98 73 78 92 72 82 104
Crossing accidents 8 8 13 12 14 15 17 10 15 10 12
Trespasser accidents 2 1 2 0 3 2 2 0 2 2 1
Other accident types 3 6 1 8 4 7 14 10 13 7 15

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 4a. Main-track derailment accidents (province or territory, number of derailed cars), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Main-track derailments by province 129 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 88
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 1 1 0 0 0 1 3 2 1 0 0
Quebec 16 8 9 10 8 8 11 9 6 6 9
Ontario 35 21 19 24 7 19 20 21 15 11 14
Manitoba 13 4 9 19 9 3 10 4 4 6 8
Saskatchewan 14 9 14 11 4 13 10 8 6 14 19
Alberta 31 12 14 21 17 19 30 17 13 21 20
British Columbia 18 10 14 24 21 19 16 14 12 21 18
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles (a) 1.55 0.91 1.06 1.40 0.84 1.07 1.23 0.94 0.78 1.04 1.06
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles (b) 0.29 0.17 0.18 0.23 0.13 0.16 0.18 0.14 0.11 0.14 n/a
Derailments by number of derailed cars 129 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 88
1 car 55 28 30 39 29 47 29 30 26 39 30
2 cars 12 10 11 10 6 5 15 10 7 9 10
3 cars 6 3 2 6 3 5 4 4 2 1 4
4 cars 5 3 3 6 2 6 6 2 2 3 4
5 to 10 cars 24 12 19 29 16 7 22 16 10 13 21
11 cars or more 27 10 17 20 11 14 24 13 11 16 19

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. The source of the million main-track (i.e., non-yard) train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
  2. The source of the billion gross ton-miles is the Railway Association of Canada.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 4b. Main-track derailment accidents (assigned factors), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number of assigned factors 153 80 91 126 68 96 109 80 63 81 86
Environmental 12 6 1 6 4 5 10 2 3 4 6
Equipment 42 23 27 48 19 33 27 23 20 30 22
Axle 11 5 7 11 6 8 4 6 6 10 2
Brakes 3 6 3 7 3 3 4 4 4 4 4
Draft system 4 4 4 4 4 2 5 5 1 4 7
Superstrucure 5 0 2 3 2 7 3 1 2 1 3
Truck 5 1 5 7 2 5 6 2 1 5 0
Wheel 12 7 6 16 2 8 5 5 6 6 6
Track 62 34 33 45 28 30 49 33 18 29 23
Geometry 23 12 16 18 14 10 11 8 8 12 11
Object on track 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 1 0
Other track material 6 5 2 4 2 0 7 2 1 3 2
Rail 27 7 7 12 8 12 17 12 4 8 3
Roadbed 4 5 2 6 4 4 5 7 2 4 4
Switch 1 2 2 1 0 0 6 1 3 0 1
Turnouts 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Actions 20 9 24 19 15 26 18 14 18 17 28
Failure to protect 8 2 2 5 5 5 4 2 4 5 10
Failure to secure 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Failure to use equipment properly 6 5 10 7 2 10 6 5 9 8 14
Improper loading/lifting 1 1 3 0 2 2 3 2 0 2 1
Improper placement/position for task 1 0 4 2 2 6 3 1 4 2 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 1 0 3 3 2 2 2 3 0 0 1
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Other actions 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other assigned factors 17 8 6 8 2 2 5 8 4 1 7
Derailments by number of assigned factors 129 66 82 110 67 84 100 75 58 81 88
One factor assigned 117 57 74 98 66 74 94 70 53 75 78
More than one factor assigned 12 9 7 12 1 10 6 4 4 3 3
No factor assigned 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 7

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 5a. Non-main-track collision accidents (province or territory, number of derailed cars), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Non-main-track collisions by province 92 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
New Brunswick 3 1 1 1 1 1 4 0 1 1 2
Quebec 5 6 11 12 8 10 4 10 7 9 5
Ontario 26 24 15 17 10 16 23 20 19 25 19
Manitoba 9 15 15 15 21 14 18 15 10 14 8
Saskatchewan 10 5 3 8 12 11 21 8 5 7 13
Alberta 27 25 29 16 34 28 19 17 19 23 26
British Columbia 11 19 20 20 15 13 17 21 8 23 27
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Collisions by number of derailed cars 92 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101
No cars derailed 33 49 51 50 63 63 63 63 38 64 54
1 car 24 26 24 21 14 18 19 21 14 16 27
2 cars 11 8 7 8 10 7 13 1 7 11 6
3 cars 9 5 4 3 6 2 4 3 4 5 4
4 cars 8 3 4 5 5 0 3 2 2 3 2
5 to 10 cars 5 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 4 7
11 cars or more 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 5b. Non-main-track collision accidents (assigned factors), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number of assigned factors 99 107 111 105 114 113 118 103 81 113 97
Environmental 1 4 1 2 4 1 2 2 2 1 2
Equipment 1 2 1 3 4 5 4 3 3 1 3
Track 4 6 5 1 3 6 8 7 1 3 3
Actions 73 83 96 92 100 95 102 88 70 102 84
Failure to protect 49 55 64 64 63 54 61 59 43 66 52
Failure to secure 7 12 11 10 16 13 11 4 5 7 8
Failure to use equipment properly 10 11 8 9 10 14 16 14 11 19 16
Improper placement/position for task 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 0 1 3 4 2 3 2 3 3 1 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 7 4 7 5 8 8 12 7 8 9 7
Vandalism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other assigned factors 20 12 8 7 3 6 2 3 5 6 5
Collisions by number of assigned factors 92 95 94 89 101 93 106 92 69 103 101
One factor assigned 87 83 77 73 88 73 97 83 60 96 88
More than one factor assigned 4 12 17 16 13 20 9 9 9 7 4
No factor assigned 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

Table 6a. Non-main-track derailment accidents (province or territory, number of derailed cars), 2008-2018
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Non-main-track derailment accidents by province 589 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 434 541 600
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 6 12 11 9
Nova Scotia 3 5 4 3 4 2 4 3 2 5 6
New Brunswick 17 8 10 14 8 4 12 13 9 9 5
Quebec 71 52 61 64 75 55 48 81 66 85 60
Ontario 141 110 116 108 95 93 93 109 85 115 119
Manitoba 65 75 89 75 68 70 68 71 58 70 65
Saskatchewan 51 44 62 79 68 87 50 49 55 49 83
Alberta 117 131 151 103 144 145 125 91 68 93 132
British Columbia 124 81 83 74 67 91 80 100 79 103 121
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
Derailments by number of derailed cars 589 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 434 541 600
1 car 308 291 316 291 301 334 260 319 265 333 383
2 cars 138 105 141 113 123 102 97 91 81 91 94
3 cars 56 40 56 47 39 48 49 53 30 46 54
4 cars 24 32 17 29 22 25 23 26 22 25 28
5 to 10 cars 54 41 43 37 40 37 46 29 31 43 35
11 cars or more 9 1 3 5 5 3 6 5 5 3 6

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 6b. Non main-track derailment accidents (assigned factors), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number of assigned factors 622 547 639 578 563 622 517 560 464 572 560
Environmental 47 24 29 58 29 82 30 36 40 59 74
Equipment 41 50 54 57 51 39 41 31 31 34 28
Axle 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Brakes 12 18 14 14 6 7 9 7 4 6 9
Draft system 9 15 16 11 10 5 8 3 5 5 5
Superstrucure 7 5 5 11 8 7 7 5 4 8 9
Truck 4 4 9 7 17 14 11 8 11 12 5
Wheel 5 8 9 13 8 6 6 8 7 3 0
Track 238 209 237 175 207 205 202 194 163 162 169
Appurtenances 1 1 0 0 4 1 2 1 1 3 2
Geometry 90 95 107 71 80 73 77 61 71 67 65
Object on track 6 5 1 2 3 2 0 2 1 1 3
Other track material 8 11 14 7 6 5 3 5 6 6 7
Rail 31 26 24 19 30 38 30 30 19 38 23
Roadbed 9 5 15 25 13 10 8 9 4 6 6
Signals 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Switch 58 37 52 35 54 58 59 64 50 30 48
Turnouts 27 25 19 13 12 12 19 16 4 8 10
Actions 264 225 293 255 255 269 226 276 216 301 284
Failure to protect 170 152 176 147 140 140 130 158 109 163 193
Failure to secure 9 3 7 3 11 6 5 2 1 9 10
Failure to use equipment properly 49 47 70 76 77 84 67 72 81 98 62
Improper loading/lifting 8 2 8 8 4 7 3 8 1 7 2
Improper placement/position for task 4 9 8 8 11 8 7 7 6 11 4
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 6 2 3 2 2 3 1 4 1 2 3
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 11 6 14 4 3 10 13 16 8 8 5
Vandalism 5 4 5 6 3 5 0 5 6 3 4
Other actions 2 0 0 1 4 5 0 1 3 0 1
Other assigned factors 32 39 26 33 21 27 18 23 14 16 5
Derailments by number of assigned factors 589 510 576 522 530 549 481 523 434 541 600
One factor assigned 557 478 516 458 497 479 450 498 413 517 534
More than one factor assigned 31 32 60 60 33 70 31 25 21 24 12
No factor assigned 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 54

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.

Table 7. Crossing accidents by type and protection, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Crossing accidents 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167
Public crossings 178 157 154 148 170 172 154 131 105 117 138
Passive warnings 63 56 67 59 73 65 68 52 36 47 52
Automated warnings 115 101 87 89 97 107 86 79 69 70 86
Flashing lights & bells 73 55 56 52 48 56 47 37 39 30 44
Gates 40 44 30 36 49 44 38 42 29 38 41
Other automated warnings 2 2 1 1 0 7 1 0 1 2 1
Private crossings 39 30 24 15 18 10 27 28 24 21 28
Farm crossings 6 1 2 8 4 2 4 6 4 5 1
Fatal accidents 26 17 19 24 28 22 20 15 16 19 18
Fatalities 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19
Public crossings 26 18 23 21 32 30 20 13 19 19 18
Passive warnings 5 6 5 5 14 3 2 2 7 4 2
Automated warnings 21 12 18 16 18 27 18 11 12 15 16
Flashing lights & bells 9 6 8 9 7 7 3 2 5 3 4
Gates 12 6 10 7 11 20 15 9 7 12 12
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Farm crossings 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
Serious injuries 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42
Public crossings 31 20 25 20 29 26 22 18 21 18 37
Passive warnings 13 9 14 3 15 7 11 4 5 9 17
Automated warnings 18 11 11 17 14 19 11 14 16 9 20
Flashing lights & bells 16 8 5 9 6 4 6 4 8 3 6
Gates 2 3 6 8 8 13 5 10 8 6 14
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 4 1 3 1 3 0 7 0 3 3 5
Farm crossings 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Number of public crossings (a) n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524 16,447
Passive warnings n/a 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628 10,548 10,397 10,173 10,109 10,833 10,671
Automated warnings n/a 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601 5,565 5,553 5,551 5,547 5,691 5,776
Flashing lights & bells n/a 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288 3,235 3,189 3,156 3,118 3,268 3,267
Gates n/a 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254 2,275 2,317 2,351 2,386 2,399 2,484
Other automated warnings n/a 61 61 59 59 55 47 44 43 24 25

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2018 were provided on March 27, 2019. Figures for previous years are snapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 8. Crossing accidents by province or territory, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Crossing accidents 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165 133 143 167
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 3 3 0 1 0 0 2 1 3 3
New Brunswick 2 4 5 6 3 2 6 7 4 1 3
Quebec 28 28 21 27 18 16 23 28 29 26 24
Ontario 66 48 52 39 41 40 44 29 26 26 43
Manitoba 13 18 20 7 26 19 17 19 14 15 15
Saskatchewan 28 24 24 23 32 37 34 23 19 26 22
Alberta 55 36 37 47 49 50 40 38 21 28 35
British Columbia 31 25 18 20 22 19 21 19 19 18 22
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents on main-track (a) 213 180 174 167 182 171 173 159 122 136 156
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles (b) 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.9
Crossing accidents with derailment 6 6 3 4 3 6 9 6 6 5 7
Fatalities 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15 19 19 19
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 0 0
Quebec 7 1 1 4 1 2 9 4 3 7 3
Ontario 12 3 6 9 12 13 5 5 3 7 7
Manitoba 2 3 2 2 3 0 1 1 2 2 0
Saskatchewan 3 5 5 1 8 3 2 0 4 0 1
Alberta 3 3 6 5 6 7 2 3 3 2 3
British Columbia 1 3 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 1 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18 24 22 42
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 3 3 3 4 1 1 3 2 8 3 10
Ontario 11 3 5 7 8 15 3 0 4 2 8
Manitoba 4 3 5 1 7 0 7 2 3 3 8
Saskatchewan 5 4 2 2 6 5 7 2 2 2 9
Alberta 8 5 8 4 7 5 5 6 6 5 2
British Columbia 5 3 3 4 3 1 4 6 1 7 5
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings (c) n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724 15,656 16,524 16,447
Newfoundland & Labrador n/a 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5
Nova Scotia n/a 180 180 180 180 182 182 182 182 181 181
New Brunswick n/a 347 340 340 340 342 343 344 344 471 472
Quebec n/a 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968 1,967 1,921 1,902 1,902 1,694 1,693
Ontario n/a 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884 3,792 3,782 3,743 3,728 4,126 4,131
Manitoba n/a 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939 1,929 1,914 1,862 1,858 2,046 2,006
Saskatchewan n/a 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656 3,652 3,597 3,509 3,504 3,607 3,573
Alberta n/a 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777 2,767 2,731 2,724 2,707 2,881 2,894
British Columbia n/a 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454 1,451 1,449 1,432 1,404 1,498 1,476
Northwest Territories/Yukon n/a 15 26 26 26 26 26 21 22 16 16

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Includes crossing accidents on main-track or on spurs.
  2. The source for million main-track (i.e., non-yard) train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
  3. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2018 was provided on March 27, 2019. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 9. Trespasser accidents by province or territory, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Trespasser accidents 71 71 81 66 71 56 54 50 70 80 69
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
New Brunswick 2 3 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Quebec 12 12 13 8 11 7 6 5 3 12 12
Ontario 37 35 35 32 31 30 21 23 25 36 31
Manitoba 4 1 3 1 2 2 2 1 4 4 3
Saskatchewan 3 4 3 2 6 2 2 4 3 1 1
Alberta 6 4 9 7 9 7 10 4 11 8 10
British Columbia 6 12 17 13 11 8 13 12 22 18 12
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 45 52 53 43 43 42 31 30 46 52 34
Fatalities 45 52 55 43 44 42 32 30 47 53 34
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0
New Brunswick 2 3 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Quebec 9 7 10 6 8 4 2 5 2 9 7
Ontario 24 30 27 26 18 26 15 13 19 26 14
Manitoba 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 2
Saskatchewan 2 2 2 1 4 2 1 1 2 1 0
Alberta 3 3 6 2 6 4 5 3 5 5 4
British Columbia 3 6 8 6 5 4 8 6 15 10 7
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17 20 22 30
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Quebec 0 3 4 2 2 3 4 0 1 3 5
Ontario 12 5 5 6 13 3 6 8 6 8 13
Manitoba 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 1
Saskatchewan 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4 1 0 1
Alberta 2 1 3 4 2 1 4 1 4 2 6
British Columbia 2 5 5 7 5 3 6 4 5 7 4
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

Table 10. Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors), 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Reportable incidents 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 371 302 235 283
Main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 6 3 4
Non-main-track train collisions* (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 8 4 4 2 2
Non-main-track train derailments - 1-2 cars* (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 166 125 97 67 94
Dangerous goods leaker** 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33 7 0 0
Main-track switch in abnormal position 13 4 5 10 5 7 6 12 7 12 7
Movement exceeds limits of authority 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142 133 122 137
Uncontrolled movement of rolling stock 16 13 5 16 13 14 11 14 10 14 15
Signal less restrictive than required 3 1 4 3 1 1 2 5 1 1 2
Unprotected overlap of authorities 7 7 4 7 5 4 5 6 4 2 11
Crew member incapacitated 2 0 1 0 1 6 2 2 1 4 5
Derailment involving track unit (no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 7 10 13 5 5
Rolling Stock collision with abandonded vehicle (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1 5 5 0 1
Rolling Stock collision with object (no derailment, no damage) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 6 10 14 3 0
Total assigned factors 225 214 195 240 245 229 425 392 325 245 272
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 61 77 68 78 92 92 61 32 9 0 0
Equipment 5 2 2 1 2 4 13 8 10 9 8
Individual/Personal 3 0 0 0 1 4 1 3 0 3 4
Track 2 2 1 5 2 2 25 36 30 7 11
Actions 148 131 114 144 139 116 250 264 241 191 192
Failure to protect 55 34 35 55 38 33 95 94 88 73 86
Failure to secure 10 7 4 11 4 7 5 11 4 9 1
Failure to use equipment properly 3 4 3 5 1 9 30 25 34 20 16
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 6 8 8 11 14 8 18 13 14 8 12
Lap of authority 65 72 59 59 75 54 83 98 82 74 67
Vandalism 1 3 1 2 5 1 4 6 6 1 2
Other actions 8 3 4 1 2 4 15 17 13 6 8
Other assigned factors 6 2 10 12 9 11 75 49 35 35 57
Incidents by number of assigned factors 216 209 188 233 238 224 408 371 302 235 283
One factor assigned 206 204 181 226 230 220 392 357 280 225 264
More than one factor assigned 9 5 7 7 7 4 16 14 21 9 4
No factor assigned 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 15

Data extracted February 18, 2019.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.

* New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. The TSB has reviewed derailments and collisions back to January 1, 2014 and recategorized occurrences with minimal consequences as reportable incidents, including: derailments involving 1 to 2 cars, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires,and no release of dangerous goods; Non-main-track collisions, with no equipment or track damage, no injuries, no fires, no release of dangerous goods, and did not foul the main track.

** TSB Regulations have been harmonized with Section 8.4 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.

Definitions

The following definitions apply to rail transportation occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Railway occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described below

Reportable railway accident

  • A person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of
    • getting on or off or being on board the rolling stock, or
    • coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents
  • The rolling stock or its contents
    • sustain damage that affects the safe operation of the rolling stock,
    • cause or sustain a fire or explosion, or
    • cause damage to the railway that poses a threat to the safe passage of rolling stock or to the safety of any person, property or the environment

Reportable railway incident

  • A risk of collision occurs between rolling stock
  • An unprotected main track switch or subdivision track switch is left in an abnormal position
  • A railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock
  • Rolling stock occupies a main track or subdivision track, or track work takes place, in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • Rolling stock passes a signal indicating stop in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act
  • There is an unplanned and uncontrolled movement of rolling stock
  • A crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment, or
  • There is an accidental release on board or from a rolling stock which results in any of the events listed in subsection 8.4(2) of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, under which TSB DG leaker incidents are only reportable if they result in death or serious injury, evacuation, or the closure of a DG loading facility, a road, a main railway line, or a main waterway.
  • Derailment or non-main track collision (involving one to two cars) occurs without damage or injury

Serious injury

  • A fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose
  • Lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage
  • An injury to an internal organ
  • Second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface
  • A verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation, or
  • An injury that is likely to require hospitalization

Dangerous goods involvement

“Dangerous goods” has the same meaning as in Section 2 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act. An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g., tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.

Derailment

Any instance where one or more wheels of rolling stock have come off the normal running surface of the rail, including occurrences where there are no injuries and no damage to track or equipment.

Date de modification :